Almont Ambulatory Surgery Center, LLC v. UnitedHealth Group, Inc., 061119 FED9, 17-55301

Docket Nº:17-55301
Party Name:ALMONT AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; BAKERFIELD SURGERY INSTITUTE, LLC, a California limited liability company; CIRO SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; EAST BAY AMBULATORY SURGERY, LLC, a California limited liability company; MODERN INSTITUTE OF PLASTIC SURGERY & ANTIAGING, INC...
Judge Panel:Before: O'SCANNLAIN and FRIEDLAND, Circuit Judges, and EZRA, District Judge. O'SCANNLAIN, Circuit Judge, specially concurring:
Case Date:June 11, 2019
Court:United States Courts of Appeals, Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
 
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ALMONT AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; BAKERFIELD SURGERY INSTITUTE, LLC, a California limited liability company; CIRO SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; EAST BAY AMBULATORY SURGERY, LLC, a California limited liability company; MODERN INSTITUTE OF PLASTIC SURGERY & ANTIAGING, INC., a California corporation; NEW LIFE SURGERY CENTER, LLC, DBA Beverly Hills Surgery Center, a California limited liability company; ORANGE GROVE SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; SAN DIEGO AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; SKIN CANCER & RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY SPECIALIST OF BEVERLY HILLS, INC., a California corporation; VALENCIA AMBULATORY SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; WEST HILLS SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; PALMDALE SURGERY CENTER, LLC, a California limited liability company; INDEPENDENT MEDICAL SERVICES, INC., a California corporation, Plaintiffs-Appellants,

v.

UNITEDHEALTH GROUP, INC.; UNITED HEALTHCARE SERVICES, INC.; UNITEDHEALTHCARE INSURANCE COMPANY; OPTUMINSIGHT, INC.; AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF RETIRED PERSONS (AARP), a District of Columbia corporation; AARP EMPLOYEES WELFARE PLAN; ACCENTURE, LLP, a Delaware limited liability partnership; ACCOR NORTH AMERICA, INC., a Delaware corporation; ACCOR NORTH AMERICA, INC. GROUP INSURANCE PLAN, a Delaware corporation; ACTAVIS, INC., a Delaware corporation; ACTAVIS HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; ACUSHNET COMPANY, a Delaware corporation; ACUSHNET COMPANY CONSOLIDATED HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; ADP TOTALSOURCE, INC., a Florita corporation; ADP TOTALSOURCE INC. HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; AEGIS MEDIA AMERICAS, INC., a Delaware corporation; AEGIS MEDIA NORTH AMERICA WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; AEGON USA, LLC, an Iowa limited liability company; AEGON COMPANIES FLEXIBLE BENEFITS PLAN; AERA ENERGY SERVICES COMPANY, a Delaware corporation; AERA ENERGY SERVICES COMPANY MEDICAL BENEFITS PLAN; AIR LIQUIDE USA, LLC, a Delaware liability company; AIR LIQUIDE USA, LLC GROUP BENEFITS PLAN; AKZO NOBEL, INC., a Delaware corporation; AKZO NOBEL, INC. SALARIED EMPLOYEES GROUP BENEFITS PROGRAM; ALCON LABORATORIES, INC., a Delaware corporation; ALCON LABORATORIES, INC. VOLUNTARY EMPLOYEES BENEFICIARY ASSOCIATION TRUST; ALL AMERICAN CONTAINERS, INC.; ALL AMERICAN CONTAINERS INC. WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; ALLSTATE INSURANCE COMPANY; ALLSTATE CAFETERIA PLAN; ALPHA MECHANICAL, INC.; ALPHA MECHANICAL HEATING & AIR CONDITIONING INC. HEALTH INSURANCE PLAN; ALTEC INDUSTRIES, INC.; AMERICAN AIRLINES, INC.; GROUP LIFE AND HEALTH BENEFITS PLAN; AMERICAN BUILDING SUPPLY, INC.; AMERICAN BUILDING SUPPLY, INC. EMPLOYEES BENEFIT PLAN; AMERICAN FINANCIAL GROUP, INC.; AMERICAN FINANCIAL GROUP, INC. GROUP WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL GROUP, INC.; AMERICAN INTERNATIONAL GROUP INC. MEDICAL PLAN; ANHEUSER-BUSCH COMPANIES, INC.; ANHEUSER-BUSCH EMPLOYEES BENEFIT TRUST; ANIXTER, INC.; ANIXTER INC. GROUP INSURANCE; ANN, INC.; ANN, INC. WELFARE BENEFITS PLAN; ANSCHUTZ ENTERTAINMENT GROUP, INC.; AEG EMPLOYEE HEALTH & WELFARE PLAN; APARTMENT MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS BENEFITS PLAN; APL LIMITED; WELFARE PLAN FOR EMPLOYEES OF APL LIMITED; APPLE, INC. HEALTH AND WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; APPLE AMERICAN GROUP LLC; APPLE AMERICAN GROUP LLC SECTION 125 PLAN; APTCO, LLC; ARDENT SERVICES, LLC; ARDENT SERVICES, LLC MEDICAL PLAN; AT&T INC.; AT&T UMBRELLA BENEFIT PLAN; AT&T MOBILITY LLC; CINGULAR WIRELESS MEDICAL PLUS PLAN; ATI SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL, INC.; ATI SYSTEMS; AUCTION.COM, LLC; AUCTION.COM EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN; AUTOMATIC DATA PROCESSING, INC.; AUTOMATIC DATA PROCESSING, INC. FLEX 2000 PLAN; AVON PRODUCTS, INC.; AVON PRODUCTS, INC. MEDICAL PLAN FOR ACTIVE EMPLOYEES; BAKER HUGHES INC.; BAKER HUGHES, INC. WELFARE BENEFITS PLAN; BARNES & NOBLE INC.; BARNES & NOBLE INC. COMPREHENSIVE MEDICAL AND DENTAL PLAN; BAUSCH & LOMB INCORPORATED; BAUSCH & LOMB COMPREHENSIVE MEDICAL PLAN; BAYSIDE MANAGEMENT COMPANYLLC EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN; BAYSIDE MANAGEMENT COMPANY, LLC; BBA AVIATION USA, INC.; BBA AVIATION, INC. BENEFIT PLAN; BECTON DICKINSON AND COMPANY GROUP LIFE AND HEALTH PLAN; BECTON, DICKINSON AND COMPANY; BELMONT VILLAGE, LP; BELMONT VILLAGE LP HEALTHCARE BENEFITS PLAN; BEST BUY CO. INC.; BEST BUY FLEXIBLE BENEFITS PLAN; BEST MEDICAL INTERNATIONAL, INC.; BEST MEDICAL INTERNATIONAL BENEFIT PLAN; BLACK BOX NETWORK SERVICES, INC.; BLACK BOX NETWORK SERVICES GROUP MEDICAL PLAN; BMW OF NORTH AMERICA, LLC; BMW OF NORTH AMERICA LLC HEALTH AND WELFARE PLANS; BNSF RAILWAY COMPANY; BNSF RAILWAY COMPANY FLEXIBLE BENEFIT PLAN; BOAT AMERICA CORPORATION; BOAT U.S. HEALTH PLAN; BOSTON MARKET CORPORATION; BOSTON MARKET CORPORATION HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; BRADY CORPORATION; W.H. BRADY CO. INSURED BENEFITS PLAN; ADVANCE/NEWHOUSE PARTNERSHIP HEALTH BENEFITS PLAN; BRINKER SERVICES CORPORATION; BRINKER INTERNATIONAL, INC. WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; BRINK'S INCORPORATED; THE BRINKS COMPANY COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; BUCA RESTAURANTS 2, INC.; BUCA INC. HEALTH CARE BENEFIT PLAN; BUILDING MATERIALS CORPORATION OF AMERICA; GAF MATERIALS CORPORATION WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; BUPA WORLDWIDE CORPORATION; BUPA WORLDWIDE CORPORATION HEALTH & BENEIFTS PLAN; BWAY CORPORATION; BWAY CORPORATION COMPREHENSIVE MEDICAL PLAN; CALIBER HOME LOANS, INC.; VERICREST FINANCIAL, INC. WELFARE AND BENEFITS PLAN; CALIFORNIA CHARTER SCHOOLS ASSOCIATION; CCSA EMPLOYEE BENEFIT WELFARE TRUST C/O BRMS; CBEYOND COMMUNICATIONS LLC; CBEYOND COMMUNICATIONS HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; CBIZ MHM, LLC; CBIZ INC. GROUP HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; CBS CORPORATION; CBS HEALTH AND WELFARE BENEFITS PLAN; CEC ENTERTAINMENT CONCEPTS LP; CEC ENTERTAINMENT WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; CENTRAL PARKING SYSTEM; CENTRAL PARKING SYSTEM HEALTH AND WELFARE PLAN; CENTRIC GROUP LLC; CENTRIX GROUP HOSPITAL PLAN; CGX ENERGY, LLC; COGENTRIX ENERGY, LLC GROUP INSURANCE PLAN; C.H. ROBINSON COMPANY, INC.; C.H. ROBINSON COMPANY GROUP HEALTH MAJOR MEDICAL PLAN; CHARLOTTE RUSSE, INC.; CHARLOTTE RUSSE HOLDING, INC. WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; CHARMING SHOPPES, INC.; CHARMING SHOPPES, INC. MEDICAL PLAN; CHEVRON CORPORATION; CHEVRON CORPORATION OMNIBUS HEALTH CARE PLAN; CHILD DEVELOPMENT INCORPORATED; CDI GROUP WELFARE PLAN; CITIGROUP MANAGEMENT CORP.; CITIGROUP HEALTH BENEFIT PLAN; CNA FINANCIAL CORPORATION HEALTH AND GROUP BENEFITS PROGRAM; COGNIZANT TECHNOLOGY SOLUTIONS CORP.; COGNIZANT HEALTH & WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; COMFORT SYSTEMS USA, INC.; COMFORT SYSTEMS USA HEALTH & WELFARE PLAN; COMMSCOPE, INC. OF NORTH CAROLINA; COMMSCOPE WELFARE BENEFIT PLAN; CONESYS EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN; CONMED CORPORATION; CONMED CORPORATION HEALTHCARE PLAN; CONSTRUCTION
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