Anderson v. State, No. 483S108

Docket NºNo. 483S108
Citation466 N.E.2d 27
Case DateJuly 31, 1984
CourtSupreme Court of Indiana

Page 27

466 N.E.2d 27
Anthony ANDERSON, Appellant (Defendant below),
v.
STATE of Indiana, Appellee (Plaintiff below).
No. 483S108.
Supreme Court of Indiana.
July 31, 1984.

Page 29

Verl L. Myers, Merrillville, for appellant.

Linley E. Pearson, Atty. Gen., John D. Shuman, Deputy Atty. Gen., Indianapolis, for appellee.

HUNTER, Justice.

The defendant, Anthony Anderson, was convicted by a jury of voluntary manslaughter, a Class B felony, Ind.Code Sec. 35-42-1-3 (Burns 1979 Repl.) and was sentenced to the Indiana Department of Correction for a period of twelve years. His direct appeal raises the following five issues:

1. Whether there was sufficient evidence to withstand defendant's motion for directed verdict and to support the verdict of the jury;

2. Whether the trial court erred in admitting certain exhibits into evidence;

3. Whether the trial court erred in denying defendant's motion to suppress his confession;

4. Whether the trial court erred in denying defendant's motion for continuance when defendant became ill during trial; and

5. Whether the imposition of the enhanced sentence is cruel and unusual punishment.

A brief summary of the facts from the record shows that on February 20, 1982, defendant's girlfriend, Kim Reveter, and her two young sons, Antoine and Craig, were living in defendant's home. Around 9:00 p.m. that evening, the boys' mother left the home with two other friends. Craig, who was six years old, was asleep, but Antoine, who was two years old, was not asleep and soon began crying for his mother. Defendant told him to be quiet and when the boy wouldn't quit crying, defendant told him to take off his clothes. Defendant whipped the boy with a belt and when one belt broke, he took another belt and continued the beating. Finally, he decided the "whelps" were getting bad, so he put the boy in the bathtub. The boy continued to ask for his mother and defendant dunked him under water several times. The boy may have hit his head on the bathtub, but defendant did not remember that.

Eventually, defendant took the boy out of the tub and saw that he was coughing up blood and water. He cleaned the boy's face and told him to lie down on the couch. Later, he carried the boy upstairs and put him into the bed and lay down beside him. He saw that the boy wasn't moving anymore and determined that the child was

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dead. When he realized what he had done he took several pills in order to kill himself, but the pills weren't strong enough. Then he got a shotgun but didn't have the nerve to shoot himself. He lay down beside the child and waited for Kim to come home, thinking he might be dead by then.

When Kim returned she found defendant and Antoine lying on her bed. Antoine was on his side and was covered up as if he were asleep. Defendant was afraid to tell Kim about the child's death and Kim lay down and slept until about 10:00 a.m. the next morning.

When Kim got up she saw that Antoine had been turned over on his back and there was blood on his face. Defendant jumped up and grabbed her and tried to explain what had happened saying that he was sorry and didn't know why he did it. Kim pulled the covers off Antoine and saw that his body was covered with bruises and felt very cold to her touch. Kim was afraid of defendant, so she told him to go downstairs into the basement and said she would talk to him there. She then took her other son and went next door and called the police. The autopsy revealed multiple bruises all over the victim's body which indicated he had been beaten with an object such as a belt. There had also been blows to the head which caused extensive hemorrhaging and the resulting pressure against the brain was the ultimate cause of death.

In defendant's confession, defendant admitted beating the victim with two belts and dunking him in cold water because he wouldn't be quiet. He said that his suicide attempts were the result of the extreme remorse he felt when he found the child had died. He stated that he wrote a note to Kim intended as a suicide note in which he also stated that he was sorry and had not meant to kill the boy.

I.

Defendant first contends that there was not sufficient evidence on the necessary element of the intent to kill to support the jury's verdict. He alleges that there are several factors here which show he did not intend to kill the child. He first points out that the record shows that he stopped beating the child when he noticed the "whelps" were getting bad. The record also shows that he stated that he did not mean to kill the child in a note he wrote to the child's mother. Additionally, there is evidence of defendant's extreme remorse upon his discovery the child had died because of his suicide attempts at that time. Defendant also points to the testimony of the doctor who performed the post-mortem examination. The doctor found that the bruises on the child's body had apparently been caused by a belt but not a belt buckle. The doctor also found that while there was trauma from the head being struck, there was no skull fracture.

Our standard for reviewing sufficiency claims is firmly established; on appeal the reviewing court does not weigh the evidence or judge credibility. We consider only that evidence most favorable to the state, together with all reasonable and logical inferences to be drawn therefrom. If there is substantial evidence of probative value to support the conclusion of the trier of fact, the verdict will not be overturned. McNary v. State, (1984) Ind., 460 N.E.2d 145; Tunstall v. State, (1983) Ind., 451 N.E.2d 1077; Fielden v. State, (1982) Ind., 437 N.E.2d 986. In other cases involving adults beating small children we have held that the intent to kill could be inferred from repeated severe blows to a child where anyone with reasonable judgment would know that blows of such magnitude could fatally injure the child. Horne v. State, (1983) Ind., 445 N.E.2d 976; Burkhalter v. State, (1979) 272 Ind. 282, 397 N.E.2d 596; Corbin v. State, (1968) 250 Ind. 147, 234 N.E.2d 261. The necessary intentional element of the crime of voluntary manslaughter can be proved by evidence that the accused had a conscious objective to kill another or was aware of a high probability that his conduct would result in the death of that other individual. Ind.Code Sec. 35-41-2-2 (Burns 1979 Repl.); Burkhalter v. State, 272 Ind. at 285, 397 N.E.2d at 598.

Page 31

In this case, the evidence shows that defendant voluntarily and intentionally...

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18 practice notes
  • Stanger v. State, No. 32A01-8903-CR-00105
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • November 6, 1989
    ...violence, threats or other improper influences so as to overcome the free will of the accused. See, Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27, 32. Delay in obtaining a confession is one such factor which must be weighed. See, Graham v. State (1984), Ind., 464 N.E.2d 1; Allen v. State (1......
  • Smith v. State, No. 3-1085A265
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • September 23, 1986
    ...and not acquired through impermissible inducement, violence, threats or other improper influences. Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27, 32. This same test is used to determine whether a valid waiver of Miranda rights has occurred. Chambers v. State (1979), 271 Ind. 357, 392 N.E.2d......
  • Drew v. State, No. 984S342
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • February 10, 1987
    ...influences so as to overcome the free will of the accused. Massey v. State (1985), Ind., 473 N.E.2d 146; Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27. We review the question on appeal as we do other sufficiency matters. We do not reweigh the evidence, but rather determine whether there was......
  • Micinski v. State, No. 4-1084
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • June 27, 1985
    ...of probative value to support the conclusion of the trier of fact, the judgment will be affirmed. Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27. A person who operates a vehicle while intoxicated commits a Class D felony if the intoxication results in serious bodily injury. I.C. 9-4-1-54. To......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
18 cases
  • Stanger v. State, No. 32A01-8903-CR-00105
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • November 6, 1989
    ...violence, threats or other improper influences so as to overcome the free will of the accused. See, Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27, 32. Delay in obtaining a confession is one such factor which must be weighed. See, Graham v. State (1984), Ind., 464 N.E.2d 1; Allen v. State (1......
  • Smith v. State, No. 3-1085A265
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • September 23, 1986
    ...and not acquired through impermissible inducement, violence, threats or other improper influences. Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27, 32. This same test is used to determine whether a valid waiver of Miranda rights has occurred. Chambers v. State (1979), 271 Ind. 357, 392 N.E.2d......
  • Drew v. State, No. 984S342
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • February 10, 1987
    ...influences so as to overcome the free will of the accused. Massey v. State (1985), Ind., 473 N.E.2d 146; Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27. We review the question on appeal as we do other sufficiency matters. We do not reweigh the evidence, but rather determine whether there was......
  • Micinski v. State, No. 4-1084
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • June 27, 1985
    ...of probative value to support the conclusion of the trier of fact, the judgment will be affirmed. Anderson v. State (1984), Ind., 466 N.E.2d 27. A person who operates a vehicle while intoxicated commits a Class D felony if the intoxication results in serious bodily injury. I.C. 9-4-1-54. To......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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