Bahm v. Dormanen

Citation543 P.2d 379,168 Mont. 408
Decision Date10 December 1975
Docket NumberNo. 12949,12949
PartiesJoan M. BAHM, as Administratrix of the Estate of Frank Bahm, Deceased and Individually as representative of herself and the minor children of Frank Bahm, Deceased, Plaintiff and Appellant, v. Ronald DORMANEN, Defendant and Respondent.
CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Montana

Johnson & Foster, Lewistown, Robert L. Johnson, argued, for plaintiff and appellant.

Garlington, Lohn & Robinson, Missoula, Gary L. Graham, argued, Missoula, for defendant and respondent.

CASTLES, Justice.

This is an appeal by plaintiff in a personal injury action from a summary judgment for defendant by the district court, Missoula County, the Hon. E. Gardner Brownlee, presiding.

Plaintiff initiated this survival and wrongful death action after a head-on automobile collision on U.S. Highway 93 south of Missoula involving a vehicle driven by her husband Frank Bahm and a vehicle driven by one William Nordahl on October 31, 1970. Nordahl and Bahm died as a result of the accident. The vehicle driven by Nordahl was owned by Jack Tripp. Defendant Dormanen was not present at the collision scene.

The events leading to the fatal accident revolve about a decision made by Nordahl and defendant Ronald Dormanen to go on a hunting trip. This decision was made while they were drinking at the Florence bar in Florence, Montana. After deciding to go hunting, the two men proceeded to Stevensville where they borrowed a pickup and horse trailer from Jack Tripp. Dormanen then drove the pickup and horse trailer to Nordahl's home to get Nordahl's horse. Next Dormanen drove the Tripp truck to Florence so that he could get his car and drive it home. Nordahl was to follow Dormanen home in the Tripp vehicle. The collision between Bahm's vehicle and the pickup driven by Nordahl occurred before Nordahl reached Dormanen's home. Dormanen had already driven home in his own car and did not learn of the accident until later. A test of Nordahl'd blood indicated that he was intoxicated at the time of the accident.

Prior to bringing this action, plaintiff brought another survival and wrongful death action against Jack Tripp and the Estate of William Nordahl, which was settled out of court.

In the instant case, after the answer was filed and discovery accomplished, defendant moved for summary judgment. After a hearing Judge Brownlee granted the motion which is now before this Court on appeal.

Plaintiff cites three aspects of the case which she contends present genuine issues of material fact making summary judgment improper. However, we need only discuss the aspect of the case relating to the theory upon which the right to recover is based to determine the propriety of summary judgment here.

It is well established that summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56(c), Montana Rules of Civil Procedure, is not a proper tool for resolving disputed issues of fact. The burden of establishing that there is no disputed issue of material fact is on the moving party. Flanagan v. Curran, 164 Mont. 262, 265, 521 P.2d 200 and cases cited therein.

Before the district court and in this Court, plaintiff asserted that defendant has not met his burden because factual determinations were required to resolve defendant's liability under the theory of negligent entrustment. But, after examining the record, we find no facts in existence or offered to the district court which give rise to a genuine issue of material fact concerning negligent entrustment by the defendant.

Specifically the theory of negligent entrustment provides that the owner or one in control of the vehicle and responsible for its use who is negligent in entrusting it to another can be held liable for such negligent entrustment. Anno. 19 A.L.R.3d 1175, 1192. See Smith v. Babcock, 157 Mont. 81, 482 P.2d 1014, for a prior treatment of the concept by this Court.

In his memorandum to the district court, defendant cited evidence from depositions which he asserted proved the absence of one of the elements of negligent entrustment-the right of control over the vehicle-because it had been loaned to both Nordahl and defendant. Plaintiff does not dispute this fact that the vehicle was loaned to both men, but insists that defendant did have the physical power (by depriving Nordahl of the keys) to prevent Nordahl from taking the truck. This power plaintiff argues is substantial enough control to bottom liability under negligent entrustment. Alternatively, plaintiff advances the theory of joint enterprise as a basis for liability, even if Nordahl and defendant only shared control of the vehicle.

Therefore, it is necessary to determine the scope of the concept of control as it relates to negligent entrustment. We look for guidance to cases from the state of Maryland where the theory of negligent entrustment has had a relatively long history.

In adopting negligent entrustment in the case of Rounds v. Phillips, 166 Md. 151, 170 A. 532, the Maryland court cited Restatement of Torts, § 260, as support for the doctrine. That section is now § 390, 2 Restatement of...

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22 cases
  • Casebolt v. Cowan, 91SC69
    • United States
    • Colorado Supreme Court
    • 6 April 1992
    ...§ 390 with approval); Axelson v. Williamson, 324 N.W.2d 241, 243-44 (Minn.1982) (citing § 390 with approval); Bahm v. Dormanen, 168 Mont. 408, 543 P.2d 379, 381-82 (1975) (analyzing negligent entrustment case under §§ 308 and 390); Lombardo, 566 A.2d at 1186 (citing § 308 with approval); Mc......
  • Lorang v. Fortis Ins. Co.
    • United States
    • Montana Supreme Court
    • 17 July 2008
  • Lydia v. Horton
    • United States
    • South Carolina Court of Appeals
    • 30 October 2000
    ...in entrusting it to another can be held liable for such negligent entrustment." 19 A.L.R.3d 1175, 1192, cited in Bahm v. Dormanen, 168 Mont. 408, 543 P.2d 379, 381 (1975). American Mut. Fire Ins. Co.,275 S.C. at 621,274 S.E.2d at South Carolina has acknowledged that giving control of proper......
  • Lombardo v. Hoag
    • United States
    • New Jersey Superior Court — Appellate Division
    • 30 November 1993
    ...a bailee and had a duty to return the property.); Congini v. Portersville Valve Co., 504 Pa. 157, 470 A.2d 515 (1983); Bahm v. Dormanen, 168 Mont. 408, 543 P.2d 379 (1975); Wiggins v. Hughes Tool Co., 87 Nev. 190, 484 P.2d 566 (1971); Mills v. Continental Parking Corp., 86 Nev. 724, 475 P.2......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
1 books & journal articles
  • Negligent Entrustment
    • United States
    • Colorado Bar Association Colorado Lawyer No. 16-4, April 1987
    • Invalid date
    ...Fugate v. Galvin, 84 Ill.App.3d 573, 406 N.E.2d 19 (1980); Hulse v. Driver, 11 Wash.App. 509, 524 P.2d 255 (1974). 13. Bahm v. Dormane, 543 P.2d 379 (Mont. 1975). 14. Mills v. Continental ParkingCorp., 475 P.2d 673 (Nev. 1970). 15. Cameron v. Downs, 32 Wash.App. 875, 650 P.2d 260 (1982). 16......

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