Baker v. Arizona Bd. of Pardons and Paroles, HC-86-0002

CourtSupreme Court of Arizona
Citation724 P.2d 33,150 Ariz. 414
Docket NumberNo. HC-86-0002,HC-86-0002
PartiesMichael BAKER, Petitioner, v. ARIZONA BOARD OF PARDONS AND PAROLES; Richard Ortiz; Arizona Department of Corrections, Respondents.
Decision Date19 August 1986

Michael Baker, pro se.

Robert K. Corbin, Atty. Gen. by Richard F. Albrecht, Asst. Atty. Gen., Phoenix, for respondents.

HOLOHAN, Chief Justice.

Petitioner, Michael Baker, filed a petition with this court contending that he had completed his sentence and should be released from prison. After preliminary screening of his in propria persona petition, we ordered that it be treated as a petition for writ of habeas corpus. After hearing the matter, we denied relief and noted that a written opinion would be issued later.

The essential facts are that on November 23, 1982 petitioner was granted parole from his seven and one-half years sentence in the state prison. He absconded from supervision on September 8, 1983, and from that date until his arrest he ceased to earn credit towards his sentence. He was arrested upon a parole violation warrant on January 22, 1985.

The Board of Pardons and Paroles (Board) conducted a parole revocation hearing on April 25, 1985. The Board found petitioner to be delinquent and in violation of his parole. It revoked any credit against the petitioner's sentence for the nine months accumulated between his release on parole and September 8, 1983. This forfeiture of so-called "street time" is contested by petitioner. The time petitioner spent in custody subsequent to his re-arrest in January 1985 was credited to him.

We must decide a single issue: Can the Board of Pardons and Paroles forfeit "street time" of a parolee when he subsequently violates his parole and is reincarcerated?

The statutory authority for the Board's forfeiture of petitioner's "street time" comes from A.R.S. § 31-417, which reads in pertinent part:

[The parole violator] may be ... imprisoned in the prison for a period equal to his unexpired maximum term of sentence at the time parole was granted, unless sooner released or discharged. 1

(emphasis added). Should a parolee complete parole without incident, there is no question but that the time out on parole, "street time," counts towards completion of the sentence. The petitioner contends that Worth v. Board of Pardons and Paroles, 146 Ariz. 97, 703 P.2d 1246 (App.1985), holds that street time may not be forfeited upon reimprisonment. The sole issue necessary to be decided in Worth was "whether the Board of Pardons and Paroles ... must reduce the maximum prison sentence by the amount of time spent in jail pending a parole revocation hearing." Id. at 97, 703 P.2d at 1246 (emphasis added). Although not necessary to the decision, the Court of Appeals addressed the issue of...

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4 cases
  • Heffernan v. State
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • February 3, 1992
    ......1084, 101 S.Ct. 870, 66 L.Ed.2d 808 (1981); Baker v. Arizona Bd. of Pardons and Paroles, 150 Ariz. 414, 724 ......
  • Kelley v. Arizona Board of Pardons & Paroles, 2
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Arizona
    • March 17, 1988
    ...... The court below did not dispute that the Board has the authority to forfeit street time when a prisoner's parole is revoked. Baker v. Arizona Board of Pardons & Paroles, 150 Ariz. 414, 724 P.2d 33 (1986).         The trial court's finding of a liberty interest in street ......
  • Kelley v. Arizona Dept. of Corrections, CV-87-0174-SA
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arizona
    • October 6, 1987
    ...revoked his parole. In addition, the Board, pursuant to A.R.S. § 31-417 and this court's decision in Baker v. Arizona Board of Pardons & Paroles, 150 Ariz. 414, 724 P.2d 33 (1986), forfeited Kelley's "street time," that is, the time he had spent on parole. Ariz.Comp.Admin.R. & Regs. 5-4-102......
  • Jones v. Arizona Bd. of Pardons and Paroles
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • June 5, 1989
    ...... Under Arizona law, when a prisoner's parole is revoked, any good time credits arising from the parole period are lost. Baker v. Arizona Board of Pardons & Paroles, 150 Ariz. 414, 415, 724 P.2d 33, 35 (1986); see also Raines v. U.S. Parole Comm'n, 829 F.2d 840 (9th ......

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