Baker v. State, No. 2

CourtCourt of Appeals of Arizona
Writing for the CourtHOWARD; KRUCKER, C.J., and HATHAWAY
Citation494 P.2d 68,16 Ariz.App. 463
Docket NumberCA-CIV,No. 2
Decision Date02 March 1972
PartiesDarrel BAKER, Petitioner, v. STATE of Arizona et al., Respondents. 1163.

Page 68

494 P.2d 68
16 Ariz.App. 463
Darrel BAKER, Petitioner,
v.
STATE of Arizona et al., Respondents.
No. 2 CA-CIV 1163.
Court of Appeals of Arizona, Division 2.
March 2, 1972.

[16 Ariz.App. 464]

Page 69

Johnson, Hayes, Morales & Stompoly, by Donald E. Gabriel, Tucson, for petitioner.

Rose Silver, Pima County Atty., by Terry G. Donaldson, Deputy County Atty., Tucson, for respondents.

HOWARD, Judge.

This is a special action wherein the petitioner questions the order of the trial court denying his constitutional challenge of A.R.S. § 13--895, subsec. A, as amended. The respondents have filed a cross-petition contending that the trial court erred in declaring A.R.S. § 13--895, subsec. B unconstitutional.

On December 7, 1971, a sixteen count direct information was filed against the petitioner charging him with violating A.R.S. § 13--895. The material parts of this statute provide:

'A. It shall be unlawful for any person, with intent to terrify, intimidate, threaten, harass, annoy or offend, to telephone another and use any obscene, lewd or profane language or suggest any lewd or lascivious act, or threaten to inflict injury or physical harm to the person or property of any person. It shall also be unlawful to attempt to extort money or other thing of value from any person, or to otherwise disturb by repeated anonymous telephone calls the peace, quiet or right of privacy of any person at the [16 Ariz.App. 465]

Page 70

place where the telephone call or calls were received.

B. The use of obscene, lewd or profane language or the making of a threat or statement as set forth in this section shall be prima facie evidence of intent to terrify, intimidate, threaten, harass, annoy or offend.'

VAGUENESS

Petitioner first contends that A.R.S. § 13--895, subsec. A is unconstitutionally void for vagueness stating that it does not give the defendant fair warning of the proscribed conduct. In particular, petitioner points to the words 'obscene' and 'profane' as being unconstitutionally vague. In State v. Locks, 97 Ariz. 148, 397 P.2d 949 (1964) the court held:

'The law must be definite and certain so that the same standard of conduct may be applied by all persons affected. The dividing line between what is lawful and unlawful cannot be left to conjecture. The citizen cannot be held to answer charges based upon penal statutes, the mandates of which are so uncertain that they will admit to different constructions. The crime and the elements constituting it must be so clearly expressed that the ordinary person can intelligently choose in advance what course it is lawful for him to pursue.' (citations omitted.) 97 Ariz. at 150--151, 397 P.2d at 951.

Citing the Locks case petitioner claims that since the statute does not define the word 'obscene' the statute is vague. We do not agree.

In State v. Locks, supra, the court was dealing with the construction of A.R.S. § 13--532, which at that time made it a misdemeanor for a person to write, compose, print, publish, sell, distribute, keep for sale, give, loan or exhibit an obscene or indecent writing, paper or book to any person, or design, copy, draw, engrave, paint or otherwise prepare an obscene or indecent picture or print. The statute at that time did not have the definition of 'obscene' as now appears in A.R.S. § 13--531.01. 1

We first distinguish this case from the case of Cohen v. California, 403 U.S. 15, 91 S.Ct. 1780, 29 L.Ed.2d 284 (1971). In that case the California Court of Appeals affirmed the conviction of the defendant who had walked through the courthouse corridors wearing a jacket bearing the words 'Fuck the Draft' in a place where women and children were present as a breach of the peace under...

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27 practice notes
  • State v. Kipf, No. 88-974
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Nebraska
    • January 19, 1990
    ...313 N.W.2d 455 (S.D.1981); State v. Jaeger, 249 N.W.2d 688 (Iowa 1977); State v. Keaton, 371 So.2d 86 (Fla.1979); Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68 (1972); State v. Starsky, 106 Ariz. 329, 475 P.2d 943 (1970); People v. Cirruzzo, 53 Misc.2d 995, 281 N.Y.S.2d 562 (1967); People v......
  • Donley v. City of Mountain Brook, 6 Div. 742
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • May 18, 1982
    ...or not conversation ensues, with the intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass the recipient of the call. Accord, Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68 (1972). Cf. S.H.B. v. State, 355 So.2d 1176 (Fla.1978). That this conduct may be effected in part by verbal means does not necessa......
  • State v. Authelet, No. 76-219-A
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Rhode Island
    • April 11, 1978
    ...divine condemnation or irreverence toward God or holy things. Duncan v. United States, 48 F.2d 128 (9th Cir. 1931); Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68 (1972); Cason v. Baskin, 155 Fla. 198, 20 So.2d 243 (1944); Centazzo v. Canna, 110 R.I. 507, 293 A.2d 904 (1972); Town of Torring......
  • Dugan v. State, S-18-0296
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • November 6, 2019
    ...Court cases like Miller should apply to the harassment statute. Id. at 455-56. Crelly, 313 N.W.2d at 456 (quoting Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68, 70-71 (1972) ) (" ‘It would be ... inane to interpret the word "obscene" in the context of the [United States Supreme Court obscen......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
27 cases
  • State v. Kipf, No. 88-974
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Nebraska
    • January 19, 1990
    ...313 N.W.2d 455 (S.D.1981); State v. Jaeger, 249 N.W.2d 688 (Iowa 1977); State v. Keaton, 371 So.2d 86 (Fla.1979); Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68 (1972); State v. Starsky, 106 Ariz. 329, 475 P.2d 943 (1970); People v. Cirruzzo, 53 Misc.2d 995, 281 N.Y.S.2d 562 (1967); People v......
  • Donley v. City of Mountain Brook, 6 Div. 742
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • May 18, 1982
    ...or not conversation ensues, with the intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass the recipient of the call. Accord, Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68 (1972). Cf. S.H.B. v. State, 355 So.2d 1176 (Fla.1978). That this conduct may be effected in part by verbal means does not necessa......
  • State v. Authelet, No. 76-219-A
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Rhode Island
    • April 11, 1978
    ...divine condemnation or irreverence toward God or holy things. Duncan v. United States, 48 F.2d 128 (9th Cir. 1931); Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68 (1972); Cason v. Baskin, 155 Fla. 198, 20 So.2d 243 (1944); Centazzo v. Canna, 110 R.I. 507, 293 A.2d 904 (1972); Town of Torring......
  • Dugan v. State, S-18-0296
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • November 6, 2019
    ...Court cases like Miller should apply to the harassment statute. Id. at 455-56. Crelly, 313 N.W.2d at 456 (quoting Baker v. State, 16 Ariz.App. 463, 494 P.2d 68, 70-71 (1972) ) (" ‘It would be ... inane to interpret the word "obscene" in the context of the [United States Supreme Court obscen......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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