Beckett v. Beckett

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Missouri
Writing for the CourtWAGNER
Citation48 Mo. 396
Decision Date31 August 1871
PartiesDURHAM BECKETT, Plaintiff in Error, v. JAMES BECKETT, Defendant in Error.

48 Mo. 396

DURHAM BECKETT, Plaintiff in Error,
v.
JAMES BECKETT, Defendant in Error.

Supreme Court of Missouri.

August Term, 1871.


Error to Linn Circuit Court.

A. W. Mullins, for plaintiff in error.

The defendant's bull, charged in the petition with having killed the plaintiff's horse, comes within one of the statutory exceptions to the common-law rule permitting domestic animals to roam at large. (Wagn. Stat. 134, § 5; Sess. Acts 1869, p. 80.) At the old common law every man was bound to keep his beasts within his own close, under the penalty of answering by distress or action for all injuries arising from their being abroad. (Rust v. Low, 6 Mass. 90-4; Bush v. Brainerd, 1 Cow. 78, note a; Dolph v. Ferris, 7 Watts & Serg. 367, 370.)

G. W. Easley, for defendant in error.

I. To make the defendant liable in this case it would be necessary to allege and prove notice or knowledge of the vicious disposition of his animal. (Lyke v. Van Leuven, 4 Denio, 127; 1 Comst., N. Y., 515; Page et al. v. Hollingsworth, 7 Ind. 317; Vrooman v. Lawyer, 13 Johns. 339; Campbell v. Brown, 19 Penn. 359; 22 Ill. 140.)

II. Our statute (Wagn. Stat. 134, § 5) does not change the rule of the common law. That statute gives no other remedy

[48 Mo. 397]

than the one specifically provided; and even before such specific remedy can be followed, the owner, if known, must have notice.

The cases cited by the counsel for the plaintiff, where the owner has been held liable without knowledge of the vicious propensities of his animal, are all cases for trespass quare clausum fregit, where the killing of the animal is alleged in aggravation of the damages to the trespass; while the case at bar is simply for damages for the killing of the animal. For distinction made in such cases, see Lyke v. Van Leuven, 1 Comst., N. Y., 515.


WAGNER, Judge, delivered the opinion of the court.

The plaintiff in his petition stated that on and prior to the 28th day of September, 1870, the defendant wrongfully and unlawfully permitted a vicious and dangerous bull, over one year of age, to run at large; and that on the day last aforesaid the said bull, while so running at large, came upon the premises of the plaintiff, and then and there gored and killed a gray mare belonging to the plaintiff, of the value of $100, for which amount judgment was prayed.

The petition was demurred to on the...

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13 practice notes
  • Candler v. Smith, No. 24047.
    • United States
    • United States Court of Appeals (Georgia)
    • 16 Febrero 1935
    ...41 Cal. 138, 10 Am. Rep. 269; Phillips v. Garner, 106 Miss. 828, 64 So. 735, 52 L. R. A. (N. S.) 377; Beckett v.[179 S.E. 398] Beckett, 48 Mo. 396; Muller v. McKesson, 73 N. Y. 195, 29 Am. Rep. 123; Commonwealth v. Fourteen Hogs, 10 Serg. & R. (Pa.) 393; Filburn v. People's Palace, etc.......
  • McClain v. Lewiston Interstate Fair & Racing Ass'n, Ltd.
    • United States
    • Idaho Supreme Court
    • 23 Octubre 1909
    ...19 L. R. A., N. S., 835; Chunot v. Larson, 43 Wis. 536, 28 Am. Rep. 567; Decker v. Gammon, 44 Me. 322, 69 Am. Dec. 99; Beckett v. Beckett, 48 Mo. 396; 2 Cyc. 376, cases; 21 Ency. Pl. & Pr. 894, cases.) The propensity of dogs to chase animals is of such general knowledge that scienter is......
  • Alexander v. Crochett, No. 19322.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • 30 Enero 1939
    ...or of such facts as to actually charge scienter. Clark v. Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway Company, 179 Mo. 66; Beckett v. Beckett, 48 Mo. 396; Clinkenbeard v. Reinert, 284 Mo. 569, 225 S.W. 667; Patterson v. Rosenwald, 6 S.W. (2d) 664, l.c. 666; Staetter v. McArthur, 33 Mo. App. 218; S......
  • Doe v. Barnett, No. 269A39
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 29 Octubre 1969
    ...etc., Co. (1897), 118 Cal. 315, 50 Pac. 373, 62 Am.St.Rep. 238; Murray v. Young (1876), 12 Bush (Ky.) 337; Beckett v. Beckett (1871), 48 Mo. 396; Moynahan v. Wheeler (1889), 117 N.Y. 285, 22 N.E. 702; Van Leuven v. Lyke (1848), 1 N.Y. 515, 49 Am.Dec. 346; Vrooman v. Lawyer (1816), 13 Johns.......
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13 cases
  • Candler v. Smith, No. 24047.
    • United States
    • United States Court of Appeals (Georgia)
    • 16 Febrero 1935
    ...41 Cal. 138, 10 Am. Rep. 269; Phillips v. Garner, 106 Miss. 828, 64 So. 735, 52 L. R. A. (N. S.) 377; Beckett v.[179 S.E. 398] Beckett, 48 Mo. 396; Muller v. McKesson, 73 N. Y. 195, 29 Am. Rep. 123; Commonwealth v. Fourteen Hogs, 10 Serg. & R. (Pa.) 393; Filburn v. People's Palace, etc.......
  • McClain v. Lewiston Interstate Fair & Racing Ass'n, Ltd.
    • United States
    • Idaho Supreme Court
    • 23 Octubre 1909
    ...19 L. R. A., N. S., 835; Chunot v. Larson, 43 Wis. 536, 28 Am. Rep. 567; Decker v. Gammon, 44 Me. 322, 69 Am. Dec. 99; Beckett v. Beckett, 48 Mo. 396; 2 Cyc. 376, cases; 21 Ency. Pl. & Pr. 894, cases.) The propensity of dogs to chase animals is of such general knowledge that scienter is......
  • Alexander v. Crochett, No. 19322.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Missouri (US)
    • 30 Enero 1939
    ...or of such facts as to actually charge scienter. Clark v. Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway Company, 179 Mo. 66; Beckett v. Beckett, 48 Mo. 396; Clinkenbeard v. Reinert, 284 Mo. 569, 225 S.W. 667; Patterson v. Rosenwald, 6 S.W. (2d) 664, l.c. 666; Staetter v. McArthur, 33 Mo. App. 218; S......
  • Doe v. Barnett, No. 269A39
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • 29 Octubre 1969
    ...etc., Co. (1897), 118 Cal. 315, 50 Pac. 373, 62 Am.St.Rep. 238; Murray v. Young (1876), 12 Bush (Ky.) 337; Beckett v. Beckett (1871), 48 Mo. 396; Moynahan v. Wheeler (1889), 117 N.Y. 285, 22 N.E. 702; Van Leuven v. Lyke (1848), 1 N.Y. 515, 49 Am.Dec. 346; Vrooman v. Lawyer (1816), 13 Johns.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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