Bergen Auto Co. v. Mattarochio

Decision Date19 November 1959
Docket NumberNo. A--592,A--592
PartiesBERGEN AUTO COMPANY, a corporation of New Jersey, Plaintiff-Respondent, v. Corino MATTAROCHIO, Defendant-Appellant.
CourtNew Jersey Superior Court — Appellate Division

James S. Ely, Jr., Rutherford, for plaintiff-respondent (Ely & Ely, Rutherford, attorneys).

George E. Davey, Hoboken, for defendant-appellant.

Before Judges PRICE, SULLIVAN and FOLEY.

The opinion of the court was delivered by

SULLIVAN, J.A.D.

This appeal involves the interpretation of the repossession and resale provisions of our Uniform Conditional Sales Law, R.S. 46:32--1 et seq., N.J.S.A.

In August 1957 the plaintiff sold a Buick automobile to defendant under a time- payment conditional sales contract. The net purchase price, after allowance for a trade-in of a used car, was $4,017.96. Plaintiff assigned the contract to General Motors Acceptance Corporation (hereinafter called GMAC), with recourse against plaintiff in the event of default and repossession. The defendant made three payments totaling $334.83 but defaulted in his December 1957 installment. When he again defaulted on his January 1958 installment, the automobile was repossessed by GMAC on January 29, 1958 and delivered to plaintiff the same day. The contract apparently was not reassigned to plaintiff until March 1958. It was explained that it took several weeks 'to calculate the necessary refunds.' There is proof though that the GMAC bill to plaintiff is dated February 20, 1958. Payment thereon was not made until some time in March. Defendant made no demand for a resale of the car; however, on April 25, 1958 plaintiff had the car sold at a constable's sale. Thereafter this suit for deficiency was commenced.

At the conclusion of the case, the trial judge ruled that the resale had been held under the provisions of section 26 of the act (R.S. 46:32--26, N.J.S.A.) and that since the statute did not fix any specific time for resale, 45 days after repossession would have been a reasonable time within which to have had the resale and that the defendant had been prejudiced by the relatively long delay of 86 days. He held, however, that the resale was not void and that the delay should be taken into account in fixing the amount of the deficiency. He did so by crediting defendant with $150 representing 'diminished value' in the car beyond the 45-day period. A judgment of $527.34 was thereupon entered in favor of plaintiff.

Defendant appeals on the ground that the court, having found that the resale of the car was not held within a reasonable time after repossession, should have dismissed plaintiff's claim.

A review of the pertinent provisions of our Uniform Conditional Sales Law is appropriate. Section 22 (R.S. 46:32--22, N.J.S.A.) provides that if the buyer defaults in the payments due under the contract, the seller may retake possession of the goods. Section 25 (R.S. 46:32--25, N.J.S.A.) provides that if the buyer does not redeem the goods within ten days, and at least 50% Of the purchase price has been paid at the time of retaking, the seller shall sell the goods at public auction within 30 days. The procedure to be followed is therein prescribed. Section 26 (R.S. 46:32--26, N.J.S.A.) provides that if the buyer has not paid at least 50% Of the purchase price at the time of retaking, the seller shall not be under a duty to resell the goods as provided in section 25, unless the buyer, within ten days after retaking, serves upon the seller a written notice demanding a resale. In such event the resale shall take place within 30 days after service of the notice, and in the manner prescribed in section 25. The final provision of section 26 reads as follows: 'The seller may voluntarily resell the goods for account of the buyer on compliance with the same requirements.' It is this latter clause which applies to the instant case. Section 28 (R.S. 46:32--28, N.J.S.A.) provides that if the proceeds of a resale are not sufficient to pay expenses of retaking, etc., and the balance due upon the purchase price, the seller may recover the deficiency from the buyer by an action at law. Section 29 (R.S. 46:32--29, N.J.S.A.) provides that where there is no resale, the seller may retain the goods as his own property, and the buyer shall be discharged of all obligation.

Two questions are presented by the present...

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8 cases
  • Franklin State Bank v. Parker
    • United States
    • New Jersey District Court
    • October 10, 1975
    ...Ford, supra, Pacific Discount Co. v. Jackson, 68 N.J.Super. 331, 335, 172 A.2d 440 (App.Div.1961); Bergen Auto Co. v. Mattarochio, 58 N.J.Super. 161, 165, 155 A.2d 787 (App.Div.1969); Veterans Loan Authority v. Rozella, 21 N.J.Super. 1, 3--4, 90 A.2d 505 Judgment is entered in favor of the ......
  • Commercial Credit Equipment Corp. v. Kelland
    • United States
    • Arizona Supreme Court
    • December 7, 1966
    ...Motors, Inc., 54 Del. 229, 175 A.2d 739. The question therefore presented is what is a 'reasonable time'. In Bergen Auto Co. v. Mattarochio, 58 N.J.Super. 161, 155 A.2d 787, the court deemed a resale of an automobile within 45 days after repossession to be reasonable, but a delay of 86 days......
  • Conti Causeway Ford v. Jarossy
    • United States
    • New Jersey District Court
    • April 5, 1971
    ...L.1961 c. 120) as decided in Frantz Equipment Co. v. Anderson, 37 N.J. 420, 181 A.2d 499 (1962), and Bergen Auto Co. v. Mattarochio, 58 N.J.Super. 161, 155 A.2d 787 (App.Div.1959). By contrast, the Uniform commercial code does not require a specific time period in which notice must be given......
  • Weil v. Pennsylvania Fire Ins. Co.
    • United States
    • New Jersey Superior Court — Appellate Division
    • November 23, 1959
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