Boggs v. Turner, 1 Div. 65

CourtSupreme Court of Alabama
Writing for the CourtLIVINGSTON
PartiesNancy Jeanette BOGGS, pro ami, v. Betty TURNER et al.
Decision Date08 October 1964
Docket Number1 Div. 65

Page 1

168 So.2d 1
277 Ala. 157
Nancy Jeanette BOGGS, pro ami,
v.
Betty TURNER et al.
1 Div. 65.
Supreme Court of Alabama.
Oct. 8, 1964.

Cunningham & Bounds and Barry Hess, Mobile, for appellant.

[277 Ala. 158] Collins, Galloway & Murphy, Mobile, for appellee Turner.

LIVINGSTON, Chief Justice.

Nancy Jeanette Boggs, a minor, by her father and next friend, sued Betty Turner (now Mrs. Easterbrook), James Winford Wright and Albert Cliff Rainey, for damages for personal injuries received in an automobile collision in Mobile County, Alabama.

The amended complaint consisted of two counts: Count 1 claiming damages for

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simple negligence, and further alleging that plaintiff was a 'passenger for hire' rather than 'a guest' in the automobile driven by defendant Betty Turner; Count 2, claiming damages for the willful or wanton misconduct of the defendants. Wright was never served with process and never appeared in the case.

The trial court gave the affirmative charge with hypothesis of Albert Cliff Rainey as to both counts of the complaint. The trial court gave the affirmative charge with hypothesis as to Count One for the defendant Betty Turner, and submitted Count Two, as to Betty Turner, to the jury. The jury returned a verdict for defendant Betty Turner as to Count Two of the complaint. There was a motion for a new trial which was overruled, and plaintiff appealed.

No argument is made for a reversal as to the defendant Rainey, and we will not consider him further.

The broad question, and the only question argued by either party, is the propriety of the giving of the affirmative charge with hypothesis for the defendant Betty Turner as to Count One of the complaint. The answer to that question depends on whether there was enough evidence to take the case to the jury on the question of whether or not Nancy Jeanette Boggs was a 'passenger for hire' or a 'guest,' in the car by Betty Turner at the time she was injured.

The following facts are without dispute:

During the early part of the 1959-60 basketball season, the girl cheerleaders at Vigor High School in Mobile County, Alabama, had attended the school's basketball games without a member of the Vigor High School faculty acting as either sponsor or chaperon. It had been the custom for some of the cheerleaders' parents to accompany the girls, but apparently some of the 'kids' had been going by themselves. As a consequence, the principal of Vigor High School required a faculty sponsor to attend the games with the cheerleaders; in other words, the girls could not attend the remainder of the games as cheerleaders without a teacher. The record shows that neither the school nor the school board attempted to appoint a sponsor. The cheerleaders requested Miss Betty Turner, a Vigor faculty member, and appellee here, to act as their sponsor. Since there were 3 or 4 more games, Miss Turner acceded to their request.

The cheerleaders and Miss Turner attended two games together, one requiring a trip to Pensacola, Florida, prior to February 9, 1960. On that date, the Vigor basketball team was to play Baker School. Miss Turner and the cheerleaders were to meet at approximately 6 p. m. that evening at the Vigor School and Miss Turner would transport the girls to the game in her automobile. [277 Ala. 159] They met and proceeded to the game.

Miss Turner was not familiar with the route to Baker School and some of the cheerleaders proposed to show her the way. Miss Turner was directed to the Bear Fork Road, with which she was unfamiliar, and as they continued on the way, there was frivolity and loud talking within the car. Miss Turner approached the Shelton Beach Extension.

At the Bear Fork Road and Shelton Beach Extension intersection, there was a 'stop sign,' which applied to and stopped the traffic on Bear Fork Road; there was through traffic and no stop sign on the Shelton Beach Extension. As Miss Turner approached this intersection, she was unaware of the stop sign and was made aware of it only after she had entered the intersection, and after it was too late to apply the brakes or to stop. She was proceeding west.

An automobile driven by defendant Wright approached the intersection from the south on the Shelton Beach Extension and ran into the driver's side of Miss Turner's automobile. The impact turned Miss Turner's automobile over and crashed

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it into the third automobile driven by defendant Rainey, which had stopped but which had been proceeding toward the intersection from the north on the Shelton Beach Extension.

The appellant, Nancy Jeanette Boggs, was one of four cheerleaders in the automobile of appellee Turner. According to appellant's physician, she was severely and seriously injured.

The question of paramount importance is: Was Nancy Jeanette Boggs a 'passenger for hire' at the time she was injured, or was she a 'guest' under the laws of this state at that time? The answer to that question is determinative of the assignment of error challenging the giving of the affirmative charge for appellee Turner as to Count One of the complaint.

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13 practice notes
  • Hca, Inc. v. American Protection Ins. Co.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Tennessee
    • January 24, 2005
    ...support of the theory of the complaint. South Highlands Infirmary v. Camp, 279 Ala. 1, 180 So.2d 904, 14 A.L.R.3d 1245; Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d 1; Southern Apartments, Inc. v. Emmett, 269 Ala. 584, 114 So.2d 453; Alabama Great Southern R. Co. v. Bishop, 265 Ala. 118, 89 So.......
  • Lankford v. Mong, 7 Div. 707
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • September 12, 1968
    ...support of the theory of the complaint. South Highlands Infirmary v. Camp, 279 Ala. 1, 180 So.2d 904, 14 A.L.R.3d 1245; Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d 1; Southern Apartments, Inc., v. Emmett, 269 Ala. 584, 114 So.2d 453; Alabama Great Southern R. Co. v. Bishop, 265 Ala. 118, 89 So......
  • Commercial Union Fire Ins. Co. of New York v. Parvin, 6 Div. 54
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • June 30, 1966
    ...the trial court is duty bound to submit the question to the jury. Barber v. Stephenson, 260 Ala. 151, 69 So.2d 251; Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d But we have said that where the only basis for a verdict in favor of plaintiff must rest upon speculation pure and simple, a choice me......
  • Tolbert v. Tolbert
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • October 8, 2004
    ...cases have properly applied the [guest] statute against minors over the age of 14. See e.g. Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 903 So.2d 113 157, 168 So.2d 1 (1964); Shirley v. Shirley, 261 Ala. 100, 73 So.2d 77 (1954)." 368 So.2d at 279. In Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d 1 (1964), the age......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
13 cases
  • Hca, Inc. v. American Protection Ins. Co.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Tennessee
    • January 24, 2005
    ...support of the theory of the complaint. South Highlands Infirmary v. Camp, 279 Ala. 1, 180 So.2d 904, 14 A.L.R.3d 1245; Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d 1; Southern Apartments, Inc. v. Emmett, 269 Ala. 584, 114 So.2d 453; Alabama Great Southern R. Co. v. Bishop, 265 Ala. 118, 89 So.......
  • Lankford v. Mong, 7 Div. 707
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • September 12, 1968
    ...support of the theory of the complaint. South Highlands Infirmary v. Camp, 279 Ala. 1, 180 So.2d 904, 14 A.L.R.3d 1245; Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d 1; Southern Apartments, Inc., v. Emmett, 269 Ala. 584, 114 So.2d 453; Alabama Great Southern R. Co. v. Bishop, 265 Ala. 118, 89 So......
  • Commercial Union Fire Ins. Co. of New York v. Parvin, 6 Div. 54
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • June 30, 1966
    ...the trial court is duty bound to submit the question to the jury. Barber v. Stephenson, 260 Ala. 151, 69 So.2d 251; Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d But we have said that where the only basis for a verdict in favor of plaintiff must rest upon speculation pure and simple, a choice me......
  • Tolbert v. Tolbert
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • October 8, 2004
    ...cases have properly applied the [guest] statute against minors over the age of 14. See e.g. Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 903 So.2d 113 157, 168 So.2d 1 (1964); Shirley v. Shirley, 261 Ala. 100, 73 So.2d 77 (1954)." 368 So.2d at 279. In Boggs v. Turner, 277 Ala. 157, 168 So.2d 1 (1964), the age......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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