Boss v. Federal Housing Finance Agency, 060821 FED1, 20-2025

Docket Nº20-2025, 20-2026
Opinion JudgeLYNCH, CIRCUIT JUDGE.
Party NameCYNTHIA BOSS, Plaintiff, Appellee, v. FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY; FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, Defendants, Appellants, SANTANDER BANK, N.A., Defendant. JUDITH A. SISTI, Plaintiff, Appellee, v. FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION; FEDERAL HOUSING FINANC AGENCY; NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE, LLC, Defendants, Appellants.
AttorneyMichael A.F. Johnson, with whom Dirk C. Phillips, Omomah I. Abebe, and Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP were on brief, for appellant Federal Housing Finance Authority. Samuel C. Bodurtha and Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP on brief, for appellants Federal Housing Finance Authority, Federal National Mort...
Judge PanelBefore Lynch and Kayatta, Circuit Judges, and Woodcock, District Judge.
Case DateJune 08, 2021
CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals, United States Court of Appeals (1st Circuit)

CYNTHIA BOSS, Plaintiff, Appellee,

v.

FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY; FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION, Defendants, Appellants,

SANTANDER BANK, N.A., Defendant.

JUDITH A. SISTI, Plaintiff, Appellee,

v.

FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION; FEDERAL HOUSING FINANC AGENCY; NATIONSTAR MORTGAGE, LLC, Defendants, Appellants.

Nos. 20-2025, 20-2026

United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit

June 8, 2021

APPEALS FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF RHODE ISLAND [Hon. John J. McConnell, Jr., Chief U.S. District Judge]

Michael A.F. Johnson, with whom Dirk C. Phillips, Omomah I. Abebe, and Arnold & Porter Kaye Scholer LLP were on brief, for appellant Federal Housing Finance Authority.

Samuel C. Bodurtha and Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP on brief, for appellants Federal Housing Finance Authority, Federal National Mortgage Association, and Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.

Joseph A. Farside, Jr., Krystle G. Tadesse, and Locke Lord LLP on brief for appellant Nationstar Mortgage LLC.

Steven S. Flores, with whom Michael Zabelin and Rhode Island Legal Services, Inc. were on brief, for appellees.

Bruce Bennett, Chané Buck, Lawrence D. Rosenberg, C. Kevin Marshall, and Jones Day on brief for amici curiae Institutional Investors in Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

Thomas A. Cox on brief for amicus curiae National Consumer Law Center.

Before Lynch and Kayatta, Circuit Judges, and Woodcock, [*] District Judge.

LYNCH, CIRCUIT JUDGE.

Plaintiffs in these appeals, consolidated for oral argument, entered into mortgages giving their lenders the right, under Rhode Island law, to nonjudicially foreclose on their mortgages. The appeals concern whether these plaintiffs can bring constitutional due process claims against the Federal National Mortgage Association ("Fannie Mae") and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation ("Freddie Mac") (collectively, the "GSEs") after the Federal Housing Finance Agency ("FHFA"), acting as the GSEs' conservator, caused the GSEs to exercise their contractual rights to nonjudicially foreclose. For the reasons stated in Montilla v. Federal National Mortgage Ass'n, No. 20-1673 (lst Cir. June 8, 2021), Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and FHFA were not acting as the government when they did so. The plaintiffs' claims fail.

The decision of the district court is reversed with instructions to enter judgment in favor of Fannie Mae,...

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