Bouler v. State

Decision Date16 October 1980
Docket NumberNo. 79-869,79-869
Citation389 So.2d 1197
PartiesHarold Lee BOULER, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee. /T4-505.
CourtFlorida District Court of Appeals

James M. Campbell, Orlando, for appellant.

Jim Smith, Atty. Gen., Tallahassee, and C. Michael Barnette, Asst. Atty. Gen., Daytona Beach, for appellee.

COWART, Judge.

As a result of information obtained by a wiretap, police and a K-9 drug dog waited at an airport until appellant and his companion, Margo Lacy, arrived. After appellant was in line to purchase a ticket and check his luggage the drug dog, examining persons in the line, reacted to the appellant's bag and to the appellant. Appellant was frisked and he and Margo taken to an office where, after appellant removed his coat, he was taken to another room for about twenty minutes. Upon appellant's return to the office, police officers took his coat from Margo's lap and found illegal drugs in the coat's inner pocket. Later the drug dog reacted to appellant's vehicle in the parking lot and based thereon a search warrant was obtained for the vehicle in which was found a suitcase containing contraband drugs.

Appellant contends (1) the wiretap order was illegal because the information upon which it was based was both illegally obtained and stale; (2) the evidence obtained by the wiretap was inadmissible in evidence because appellant did not receive notice of the wiretap within the ninety day period provided by section 934.09(7)(e), Florida Statutes (1977); (3) that the indications by the drug dog were not sufficient probable cause for either his arrest or for the issuance of a search warrant for his vehicle; and (4) that the evidence is legally insufficient to prove his actual or constructive possession of the contraband drugs in his coat pocket and in the suitcase in his vehicle.

Some of the more current information upon which the wiretap order was based was obtained by police listening in on a telephone conversation between appellant and a confidential informant with the latter's consent. This was not an illegal interception as one party consented. § 934.03(2)(c), Fla.Stat. (1977); Shayne v. State, 384 So.2d 711 (Fla. 3d DCA 1980); State v. Scott, 385 So.2d 1044 (Fla. 1st DCA 1980). In addition, the wiretap affidavit as a whole indicated a continuing pattern of criminal activity with sufficient currency as to be legally fresh and viable. Rodriguez v. State, 297 So.2d 15 (Fla.1974); Hudson v. State, 368 So.2d 899 (Fla. 3d DCA 1979); State v. Manning, 379 So.2d 1307 (Fla. 4th DCA 1980).

Appellant has demonstrated no prejudice accruing to him by reason of the delayed service of notice of the wiretap required by section 934.09(7)(e), Florida Statutes (1977). Under these circumstances failure to meet the notice provisions of this statute have been held to not render the resulting evidence inadmissible. Hicks v. Florida, 359 So.2d 475 (Fla. 1st DCA 1978); Quintana v. State, 352 So.2d 587 (Fla. 3d DCA 1977). 1

Two recent Florida cases, State v. Goodley, 381 So.2d 180 (Fla. 3d DCA 1980) and Mata v. State, 380 So.2d 1157 (Fla. 3d DCA 1980), have recognized that a trained narcotics dog's indications that contraband is present can be sufficient alone to establish probable cause as to that fact. 2

Appellant's contentions that the evidence is insufficient to prove his possession of contraband drugs in his coat and his vehicle are based on argument confined to the exact moment of time the drugs were found and observed by the police and his contention that this is a circumstantial evidence case in which the state is required by proof to exclude every "possible" hypothesis of innocence. Appellant suggests that a possible hypothesis of innocence is that someone put the contraband in his coat after he removed it and into his vehicle after he left it in the parking lot. The judge and jury were not limited to such a restricted view of the evidence presented. For example, the dog also reacted to appellant while he had his coat on and Margo, the only other person shown to have been in possession of appellant's coat, testified that she...

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11 cases
  • Thomas v. State
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • September 17, 1987
    ...DCA 1984); State v. Stewart, 404 So.2d 185 (Fla. 5th DCA 1981); Teague v. State, 390 So.2d 405 (Fla. 5th DCA 1980); Bouler v. State, 389 So.2d 1197 (Fla. 5th DCA 1980); Lowery v. State, 450 So.2d 587 (Fla. 1st DCA 1984); Knight v. State, 392 So.2d 337 (Fla. 3d DCA 1981), rev. denied, 399 So......
  • Dunn v. State
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • July 19, 1984
    ...652 (1982); 3 State v. Stewart, 404 So.2d 185 (Fla. 5th DCA 1981); Teague v. State, 390 So.2d 405 (Fla. 5th DCA 1980); Bouler v. State, 389 So.2d 1197 (Fla. 5th DCA 1980); Knight v. State, 392 So.2d 337 (Fla. 3d DCA 1981), review denied, 399 So.2d 1143 (Fla.1981); Lowery v. State, 450 So.2d......
  • State v. Paul
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • May 6, 1994
    ...Rule of Appellate Procedure 9.140(c)(1)(B).2 Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 88 S.Ct. 1868, 20 L.Ed.2d 889 (1968).3 See Bouler v. State, 389 So.2d 1197 (Fla. 5th DCA 1980); Richert v. State, 338 So.2d 40 (Fla. 4th DCA 1976), cert. denied, 346 So.2d 1250 (Fla.1977); United States v. Trull, 581 F.......
  • State v. Rudolph, 91-205
    • United States
    • Florida District Court of Appeals
    • March 20, 1992
    ...DCA 1984); State v. Stewart, 404 So.2d 185 (Fla. 5th DCA 1981); Teague v. State, 390 So.2d 405 (Fla. 5th DCA 1980); Bouler v. State, 389 So.2d 1197 (Fla. 5th DCA 1980); Lowery v. State, 450 So.2d 587 (Fla. 1st DCA 1984); Knight v. State, 392 So.2d 337 (Fla. 3d DCA 1981), rev. denied, 399 So......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
1 books & journal articles
  • The Fourth Amendment, canine olfaction, and vehicle stops: time is of the es'scents'.
    • United States
    • Florida Bar Journal Vol. 76 No. 3, March 2002
    • March 1, 2002
    ...2d 1157 (Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1980) (per curiam) (airport); Harpold v. State, 389 So. 2d 279 (Fla. 3d D.C.A. 1980) (airport); Bouler v. State, 389 So. 2d 1197 (Fla. 5th D.C.A. 1980) (airport). See also United States v. Puglisi, 723 F. 2d 779, 790-91 (11th Cir. 1984) (lack of diligence in securing......

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