Bradley Palmer v. State of Texas, No. 224

CourtUnited States Supreme Court
Writing for the CourtDay
Citation212 U.S. 118,29 S.Ct. 230,53 L.Ed. 435
PartiesBRADLEY W. PALMER and H. Clay Pierce, Petitioners, v. STATE OF TEXAS and Robert J. Eckhardt, Receiver of the Waters-Pierce Oil Company
Docket NumberNo. 224
Decision Date18 January 1909

212 U.S. 118
29 S.Ct. 230
53 L.Ed. 435
BRADLEY W. PALMER and H. Clay Pierce, Petitioners,

v.

STATE OF TEXAS and Robert J. Eckhardt, Receiver of the Waters-Pierce Oil Company.

No. 224.
Argued April 8, 9, 1908.
Decided January 18, 1909.

Page 119

Messrs. Moorfield Storey, E. B. Perkins, J. L. Thorndike, and J. D. Johnson for petitioners.

[Argument of Counsel from pages 119-120 intentionally omitted]

Page 121

Messrs. T. W. Gregory, G. W. Allen, Robert Vance Davidson, Jewel P. Lightfoot, John W. Brady, and Messrs. Gregory & Batts, Allen & Hart, and D. W. & D. H. Doom for respondents.

[Argument of Counsel from pages 121-123 intentionally omitted]

Page 123

Mr. Justice Day delivered the opinion of the court:

This case grows out of the proceedings in the state of Texas to forfeit the permit of the Waters-Pierce Oil Company to do business in that state, and the subsequent proceedings for the appointment of a receiver of the property of the company in the state court, just decided, cases Nos. 359 and 360, 212 U. S. 86, 112, 53 L. ed. ——, 29 Sup. Ct. Rep. 220, 227. It is unnecessary, in view of the recital of the facts contained in those cases, to repeat herein what is there said in this connection.

On the 19th day of June, 1907, after the appointment of a receiver in the state case and the acceptance and approval of his bond, an appeal was taken from the district court of Travis county to the court of civil appeals of Texas, and bond given to supersede the receivership. Immediately thereafter, and upon the same day, a bill was filed by Bradley W. Palmer, one of the petitioners herein, against the Waters-Pierce Oil Company, in the circuit court of the United States for the eastern district of Texas, praying for the appointment of a receiver for the Waters-Pierce Company. Palmer filed the bill as a stockholder in the company. The bill is quite lengthy and recited the proceedings in the district court of Travis county, Texas, stated in cases Nos. 359 and 369, 212 U. S. 86, 112, 53 L. ed. ——, Sup. Ct. Rep. 220, 227, recites the appeal from the order appointing a receiver, to the court of civil appeals, also the appeal from the judgment terminating the right to do business in Texas, and for the recovery of penalties.

The prayer of the bill is for the appointment of a receiver to take possession of the property belonging to the company in Texas, that the business of the company might be wound up,

Page 124

and its property sold, that the receiver be authorized to operate and manage the property, etc.

On the same day the Waters-Pierce Oil Company waived the service of subpoena, confessed the averments of the bill, and the circuit court appointed Chester B. Dorchester receiver.

On the same day H. C. Pierce intervened, and, repeating the allegations of the original bill, prayed the same relief. On June 20, 1907, Dorchester qualified and gave bond as receiver, and was put in possession of the property.

The cases involved in Nos. 359 and 360, 212 U. S. 86, 112, 53 L. ed. ——, 29 Sup. Ct. Rep. 220, 227, having been appealed to the court of civil appeals, Robert J. Eckhardt, the state receiver appointed in the district court of Travis county, applied in the court of civil appeals for an order to obtain possession of the property which had been placed in the hands of the Federal receiver.

The court of civil appeals on June 28, 1907, handed down an opinion (103 S. w. 836 in which it declined to make an order directing the receiver in the Federal court to surrender possession, but did direct its receiver, in conjunction with the law officers of the state of Texas, to appear before the circuit court of the United States for the eastern district of Texas, and to there urge the rights of the state and the prior jurisdiction of its courts over the property in question, and to ask for such orders, decrees, and judgments as might be proper and necessary to protect that jurisdiction.

Thereafter, on July 1, 1907, the state of Texas, through its officers and Eckhardt as receiver, applied to the circuit court of the United States, and prayed it to set aside and annul its order appointing a Federal receiver. On July 15 the circuit court refused to grant the prayer of the state of Texas and the state receiver. The state of Texas and Eckhardt as receiver took an appeal from the order of June 19, 1907, appointing the Federal receiver, and from the order of July 15, 1907, refusing to vacate the order appointing Dorchester receiver. Thereupon the matter came on for hearing in the circuit court of appeals, and that court, holding that the state court had first acquired

Page 125

jurisdiction in the matter, reversed and vacated the order of the circuit court appointing a receiver, and remanded the case to the circuit court, with directions to discharge the receiver, and to tax all the costs of the receivership against the complainant. 158 Fed. 705.

If the state court had acquired jurisdiction over the property by the proceedings for the appointment of its receiver, and had not lost the same by the subsequent proceedings, then, upon well-settled principles, often recognized and enforced in this court, there should be no interference with the action of the state courts while thus exercising its authorized jurisdiction. The Federal and state courts exercise jurisdiction within the same territory, derived from and controlled by separate and distinct authority, and are therefore required, upon every principle of justice and propriety, to respect the jurisdiction once acquired over property by a court of the other sovereignty. If a court of competent jurisdiction, Federal or state, has taken possession of property, or by its procedure has obtained jurisdiction over the same, such property is withdrawn from the jurisdiction of the courts of the other authority as effectually as if the property had been entirely removed to the territory of another sovereignty. Wabash R. Co. v. Adelbert College, 208 U. S. 38, 52 L. ed. 379, 28 Sup. Ct. Rep. 182, and previous cases in this court, cited therein at page 54.

The circuit court of the United States, in the appointment of a receiver in this case, seems to have proceeded upon the theory that the proceedings in the state court had left the property in such a situation that it was no longer in custodia legis, and was liable to seizure by adverse proceedings.

This situation had arisen, in the view of the circuit court, because the Waters-Pierce Oil Company had given a bond securing the amount of penalties awarded against it by the judgment, and had also given a bond in the sum of $100,000 in order to suspend the powers of the receiver to act pending the appeal; and, in the view of the learned circuit judge, the court of last resort of the state of Texas had established the rule that

Page 126

an appeal from such order, and the giving of the security required by the court, had the effect of returning the property to the owner, and to make...

To continue reading

Request your trial
190 practice notes
  • Tucker v. Specialized Loan Servicing, LLC, Case No. PWG–14–813.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of Maryland
    • February 3, 2015
    ...L.Ed. 331 (1936) ; Penn Gen. Cas. Co. v. Pennsylvania ex rel. Schnader, 294 U.S. 189, 55 S.Ct. 386, 79 L.Ed. 850 (1935) ; Palmer v. Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 129, 29 S.Ct. 230, 53 L.Ed. 435 (1909) ; Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. v. Lake Street Elevated R.R., 177 U.S. 51, 61, 20 S.Ct. 564, 44 L.Ed. 6......
  • First Trust & Savings Bank v. Iowa-Wisconsin Bridge Co., No. 11055.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (8th Circuit)
    • August 8, 1938
    ...acquired complete jurisdiction over the mortgaged property when the suit was commenced and the receiver took possession. Palmer v. Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 29 S.Ct. 230, 53 L.Ed. 435; Marcell v. Engebretson, 8 Cir., 74 F.2d 93. At that time, before Phoenix became a party, there was complete div......
  • New Haven Inclusion Cases 8212 917, 920 921, 1038 1057, Nos. 914
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • June 29, 1970
    ...all claims upon it.' Palmer v. Warren, supra; cf. Oklahoma v. Texas, 258 U.S. 574, 581, 42 S.Ct. 406, 66 L.Ed. 771; Palmer v. Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 126, 129, 29 S.Ct. 230, 232, 233, 53 L.Ed. 435; Wabash R. Co. v. Adelbert College, 208 U.S. 38, 54, 28 S.Ct. 182, 187, 52 L.Ed. 379; Farmers' Lo......
  • United States v. Leiter Minerals, Civ. No. 4379.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 5th Circuit. United States District Court (Eastern District of Louisiana)
    • June 22, 1954
    ...48 S.Ct. 268, 72 L.Ed. 457; Lion Bonding & Surety Company v. Karatz, 262 U.S. 77, 43 S.Ct. 480, 67 L.Ed. 871; Palmer v. State of Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 29 S.Ct. 230, 53 L.Ed. 435; Farmers' Loan & Trust Company v. Lake Street Elevated Railroad Co., 177 U.S. 51, 20 S.Ct. 564, 44 L.Ed. 8 In Unit......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
190 cases
  • Tucker v. Specialized Loan Servicing, LLC, Case No. PWG–14–813.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of Maryland
    • February 3, 2015
    ...L.Ed. 331 (1936) ; Penn Gen. Cas. Co. v. Pennsylvania ex rel. Schnader, 294 U.S. 189, 55 S.Ct. 386, 79 L.Ed. 850 (1935) ; Palmer v. Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 129, 29 S.Ct. 230, 53 L.Ed. 435 (1909) ; Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. v. Lake Street Elevated R.R., 177 U.S. 51, 61, 20 S.Ct. 564, 44 L.Ed. 6......
  • First Trust & Savings Bank v. Iowa-Wisconsin Bridge Co., No. 11055.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (8th Circuit)
    • August 8, 1938
    ...acquired complete jurisdiction over the mortgaged property when the suit was commenced and the receiver took possession. Palmer v. Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 29 S.Ct. 230, 53 L.Ed. 435; Marcell v. Engebretson, 8 Cir., 74 F.2d 93. At that time, before Phoenix became a party, there was complete div......
  • New Haven Inclusion Cases 8212 917, 920 921, 1038 1057, Nos. 914
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • June 29, 1970
    ...all claims upon it.' Palmer v. Warren, supra; cf. Oklahoma v. Texas, 258 U.S. 574, 581, 42 S.Ct. 406, 66 L.Ed. 771; Palmer v. Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 126, 129, 29 S.Ct. 230, 232, 233, 53 L.Ed. 435; Wabash R. Co. v. Adelbert College, 208 U.S. 38, 54, 28 S.Ct. 182, 187, 52 L.Ed. 379; Farmers' Lo......
  • United States v. Leiter Minerals, Civ. No. 4379.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 5th Circuit. United States District Court (Eastern District of Louisiana)
    • June 22, 1954
    ...48 S.Ct. 268, 72 L.Ed. 457; Lion Bonding & Surety Company v. Karatz, 262 U.S. 77, 43 S.Ct. 480, 67 L.Ed. 871; Palmer v. State of Texas, 212 U.S. 118, 29 S.Ct. 230, 53 L.Ed. 435; Farmers' Loan & Trust Company v. Lake Street Elevated Railroad Co., 177 U.S. 51, 20 S.Ct. 564, 44 L.Ed. 8 In Unit......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT