Branyon v. Kirk, 8 Div. 917.

CourtSupreme Court of Alabama
Writing for the CourtFOSTER, Justice.
Citation191 So. 345,238 Ala. 321
PartiesBRANYON ET AL. v. KIRK.
Decision Date05 October 1939
Docket Number8 Div. 917.

191 So. 345

238 Ala. 321

BRANYON ET AL.
v.
KIRK.

8 Div. 917.

Supreme Court of Alabama

October 5, 1939


Appeal from Circuit Court, Colbert County; Chas. P. Almon, Judge.

Suit in equity to establish a boundary line, to abate a nuisance, to recover damages, etc., by J. T. Kirk against J. H. Branyon, the Texas Company, W. Clyde Williams, and J. A. Booth. From a decree for complainant, respondents appeal. Revived, on death of appellee, in the name of Mary Wallace Kirk, as executrix of the will of J. T. Kirk, deceased.

Reversed and remanded. [191 So. 347]

W. L. Chenault, of Russellville, John E. Delony, Jr., of Tuscumbia, and Ed. Almon Williams, of Washington, D. C., for appellants.

W. H. Mitchell, of Florence, and Kirk & Rather, of Tuscumbia, for appellee.

FOSTER, Justice.

The question in this case relates to the west and south boundary line of a lot in Tuscumbia, situated in the northeast corner of lot 421, south of Sixth Street and west of Dixon Street.

Appellants Williams and Booth leased the lot to appellant Branyon, said to be acting for the Texas Company, for a filling station, and it has been devoted to that purpose. Williams and Booth acquired the lot by deed from Vandiver on November 23, 1921, described in substance as being twenty-two feet east and west, and fifty-eight feet north and south in the northeast corner of lot 421. There was then located on a portion of it a brick storehouse twenty-two feet wide east and west and thirty-seven and one-half feet long north and south, leaving a space south of the building unimproved. The storehouse extended beyond the property line on its east and into the street by one and one-half feet, so that one and one-half feet west of the west wall of the building and a part of the lot included in the deed was not covered by the building, and this strip is a part of the disputed area.

Appellee owned to the west and south of the lot in question at the time of instituting this suit. There is also a strip on the south side and extending six feet beyond the line described in the deed to Williams and Booth, which they claim by adverse possession. So that appellee claims the strip on the west side of one and one-half feet by adverse possession, with no deed embracing it, and appellants claim that on the south side of six feet by adverse possession, with no deed embracing it.

Appellee, after filing this suit in equity, conveyed to the United States for use as a post office his property on the west, but not including, as he claims in the description, the said strip one and one-half feet wide. It is now contended that this suit is not thereby affected since the complainant continued to own said strip, if he did so before making the deed.

If he had sold it before filing the suit, he would not have been in position to maintain it, because he would not have been an adjoining property owner except as he might own said disputed strip. But he could not maintain this suit simply as such owner. That would be but a suit to recover the property. Vines v. Sligh, 221 Ala. 181, 128 So. 143.

But a sale of the adjoining property after the suit is begun is a different question. "The rule in equity is that when a sole plaintiff has assigned his whole interest in the suit subsequent to its institution, plaintiff can no longer prosecute for want of interest, but his assignees could proceed by an original bill in the nature of a supplemental bill * * * [and] under our chancery practice, the same purpose can be accomplished by an amendment." Holder v. Taylor, 233 Ala. 477, 172 So. 761, 763.

While this conveyance was not of the whole interest of the complainant in the suit, it was of his whole interest in so far as the west boundary line was in dispute.

The United States has not come in, and the complainant was not entitled to relief in that respect.

The court also ordered appellants to remove from the one and one-half foot strip [191 So. 348] on the west side of the lot in question certain gasoline tanks there in part said to be embedded. This was on the finding that appellee was entitled to relief as to that strip. Since we cannot support that finding for the reasons we have stated, we cannot support the order to remove the tanks.

The next question is one of adverse possession affecting the line south of the lot of appellants. This question is available in a suit in equity to settle disputed boundary lines. Yauger v. Taylor, 218 Ala. 235, 118 So. 271; Mink v. Whitfield, 218 Ala. 334, 118 So. 559; Treadaway v. Hamilton, 221 Ala. 479, 129 So. 55; Smith v. Cook, 220 Ala. 338, 124 So. 898; Clarke v. Earnest, 224 Ala. 165, 139 So. 223; Baldwin v. Harrelson, 225 Ala. 386, 143 So. 558; Wood v. Foster, 229 Ala. 430, 157 So. 863; Holder v. Taylor, 233 Ala. 477, 172 So. 761.

There is no right in such a suit as this in equity to a jury trial. Yauger v. Taylor, supra.

Whether the possession to a given location is adverse is one of intention. If it was so held because he considered it his own, and claimed it as his own, it is hostile though he does not suppose he is claiming more than he owns; and that such claim is by a mistake of fact. It is not necessary for one to know that he is claiming the property of another when he is in the actual possession of it to make such possession adverse to the true owner. If he is in the actual possession with the intention to hold it and claim it as his own, it is adverse. Brantley v. Helton, 224 Ala. 93, 139 So. 283.

The court found as to this contention, not that appellants had not had adverse possession for the time required to foreclose further inquiry as to title, but that the claim is "not supported by such testimony as is required by section 6069, Code, to defeat...

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35 practice notes
  • Attorney Gen. v. Tenn. Valley Auth., No. 09-1623.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • July 26, 2010
    ...proper manner what is authorized by law.” Fricke v. City of Guntersville, 251 Ala. 63, 36 So.2d 321, 322 (1948) (quoting Branyon v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 191 So. 345, 349 (1939)) (emphasis added); see also City of Birmingham v. City of Fairfield, 375 So.2d 438, 441 (Ala.1979) (same); Johnson ......
  • N.C. ex rel. Cooper v. TVA
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • July 26, 2010
    ...manner what is authorized by law." Fricke v. City of Guntersville, 251 Ala. 63, 36 So. 2d 321, 322 (Ala. 1948) (quoting Branyon v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 191 So. 345, 349 (Ala. 1939)) (emphasis added); see also City of Birmingham v. City of Fairfield, 375 So. 2d 438, 441 (Ala. 1979) (same);Joh......
  • City of Decatur v. Robinson, 8 Div. 431.
    • United States
    • Alabama Supreme Court
    • June 24, 1948
    ...it lawful nor does it protect the city if the rights of the abutting property owners are unlawfully disturbed. Branyon et al. v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 326, 191 So. 345. When this section of the constitution is interpreted in the light of the well settled principle that the proper place for th......
  • Watson v. Price
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • March 3, 1978
    ...and thereby may thus cause a strip of land to be attached to his holdings. Brantley v. Helton, 224 Ala. 93, 139 So. 283; Branyon v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 191 So. 345. See Code of 1940, Title 7, section 828, page 713, where the cases are cited. This statute does not prescribe a limitation on t......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
35 cases
  • Attorney Gen. v. Tenn. Valley Auth., No. 09-1623.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • July 26, 2010
    ...proper manner what is authorized by law.” Fricke v. City of Guntersville, 251 Ala. 63, 36 So.2d 321, 322 (1948) (quoting Branyon v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 191 So. 345, 349 (1939)) (emphasis added); see also City of Birmingham v. City of Fairfield, 375 So.2d 438, 441 (Ala.1979) (same); Johnson ......
  • N.C. ex rel. Cooper v. TVA
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • July 26, 2010
    ...manner what is authorized by law." Fricke v. City of Guntersville, 251 Ala. 63, 36 So. 2d 321, 322 (Ala. 1948) (quoting Branyon v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 191 So. 345, 349 (Ala. 1939)) (emphasis added); see also City of Birmingham v. City of Fairfield, 375 So. 2d 438, 441 (Ala. 1979) (same);Joh......
  • City of Decatur v. Robinson, 8 Div. 431.
    • United States
    • Alabama Supreme Court
    • June 24, 1948
    ...it lawful nor does it protect the city if the rights of the abutting property owners are unlawfully disturbed. Branyon et al. v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 326, 191 So. 345. When this section of the constitution is interpreted in the light of the well settled principle that the proper place for th......
  • Watson v. Price
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • March 3, 1978
    ...and thereby may thus cause a strip of land to be attached to his holdings. Brantley v. Helton, 224 Ala. 93, 139 So. 283; Branyon v. Kirk, 238 Ala. 321, 191 So. 345. See Code of 1940, Title 7, section 828, page 713, where the cases are cited. This statute does not prescribe a limitation on t......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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