Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Food & Drug Admin., Nos. 97-1604

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtBefore WIDENER, Circuit Judge, HALL; WIDENER; K.K. HALL
Citation153 F.3d 155
PartiesBROWN & WILLIAMSON TOBACCO CORPORATION; Lorillard Tobacco Company; Philip Morris, Incorporated; RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company, Plaintiffs-Appellants, and Coyne Beahm, Incorporated; Liggett Group, Incorporated, Plaintiffs, v. FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION; David A. Kessler, M.D., Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Defendants-Appellees. Attorneys General of the State of Minnesota; State of Alaska; State of Arizona; State of Arkansas; State of Colorado; State of Connecticut; State of Florida; State of Hawaii; State of Illinois; State of Indiana; State of Iowa; State of Louisiana; State of Kansas; State of Maine; State of Maryland; State of Massachusetts; State of Michigan; State of Mississippi; State of Missouri; State of Montana; State of Nevada; State of New Hampshire; State of New Jersey; State of New Mexico; State of New York; State of North Dakota; State of Ohio; State of Oklahoma; State of Oregon; State of Pennsylvania; State of Rhode Island; State of South Dakota; State of Texas; State of Utah; State of Vermont; State of Washington; State of West Virginia; State of Wisconsin; The City and County of San Francisco; Public Citizen; The American Academy of Pediatrics; American Cancer Society; American College of Preventive Medicine; American Heart Association; American Lung Association; American Medical Association; American Medical Women's Association; American Public Health Association; American Society of Addiction Medicine; The HMO Group; National Association of Elementary School Principals; National Association of Secondary School Principals; National Center for Tobacco-Free Kids; State of Kentucky; Washington Legal Foundation ("WLF"); Mario Andretti; Don Garlits; Al Unser; Rusty Wallace; Cale Yarborough; Richard Burr, Cass Ballenger, Howard Coble, United States Representatives, Lauch Faircloth, United States Senator, Amici Curiae. COYNE BEAHM, INCORPORATED; Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation; Philip Morris, Incorporated; RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company; National Assoc
Docket Number97-1606,97-1581,Nos. 97-1604,97-1614 and 97-1605
Decision Date14 August 1998

Page 155

153 F.3d 155
BROWN & WILLIAMSON TOBACCO CORPORATION; Lorillard Tobacco
Company; Philip Morris, Incorporated; RJ
Reynolds Tobacco Company, Plaintiffs-Appellants,
and
Coyne Beahm, Incorporated; Liggett Group, Incorporated, Plaintiffs,
v.
FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION; David A. Kessler, M.D.,
Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Defendants-Appellees.
Attorneys General of the State of Minnesota; State of
Alaska; State of Arizona; State of Arkansas; State of
Colorado; State of Connecticut; State of Florida; State
of Hawaii; State of Illinois; State of Indiana; State of
Iowa; State of Louisiana; State of Kansas; State of
Maine; State of Maryland; State of Massachusetts; State
of Michigan; State of Mississippi; State of Missouri;
State of Montana; State of Nevada; State of New Hampshire;
State of New Jersey; State of New Mexico; State of New
York; State of North Dakota; State of Ohio; State of
Oklahoma; State of Oregon; State of Pennsylvania; State
of Rhode Island; State of South Dakota; State of Texas;
State of Utah; State of Vermont; State of Washington;
State of West Virginia; State of Wisconsin; The City and
County of San Francisco; Public Citizen; The American
Academy of Pediatrics; American Cancer Society; American
College of Preventive Medicine; American Heart Association;
American Lung Association; American Medical Association;
American Medical Women's Association; American Public
Health Association; American Society of Addiction Medicine;
The HMO Group; National Association of Elementary School
Principals; National Association of Secondary School
Principals; National Center for Tobacco-Free Kids; State
of Kentucky; Washington Legal Foundation ("WLF"); Mario
Andretti; Don Garlits; Al Unser; Rusty Wallace; Cale
Yarborough; Richard Burr, Cass Ballenger, Howard Coble,
United States Representatives, Lauch Faircloth, United
States Senator, Amici Curiae.
COYNE BEAHM, INCORPORATED; Brown & Williamson Tobacco
Corporation; Philip Morris, Incorporated; RJ Reynolds
Tobacco Company; National Association of Convenience
Stores; Acme Retail, Incorporated; United States Tobacco
Company; Conwood Company, LP; National Tobacco Company,
LP; Pinkerton Tobacco Company; Swisher International,
Incorporated; Central Carolina Grocers, Incorporated; J.T.
Davenport, Incorporated; North Carolina Tobacco
Distributors Committee, Incorporated; The American
Advertising Federation; American Association of Advertising
Agencies; Association of National Advertisers,
Incorporated; Magazine Publishers of America; The Outdoor
Advertising Association of America, Incorporated; Point of
Purchase Advertising Institute; Lorillard Tobacco Company,
Plaintiffs-Appellees,
and
Liggett Group, Incorporated, Plaintiff,
v.
FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION; David A. Kessler, M.D.,
Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Defendants-Appellants.
Attorneys General of the State of Minnesota; State of
Alaska; State of Arizona; State of Arkansas; State of
Colorado; State of Connecticut; State of Florida; State
of Hawaii; State of Illinois; State of Indiana; State of
Iowa; State of Louisiana; State of Kansas; State of
Maine; State of Maryland; State of Massachusetts; State
of Michigan; State of Mississippi; State of Missouri;
State of Montana; State of Nevada; State of New Hampshire;
State of New Jersey; State of New Mexico; State of New
York; State of North Dakota; State of Ohio; State of
Oklahoma; State of Oregon; State of Pennsylvania; State
of Rhode Island; State of South Dakota; State of Texas;
State of Utah; State of Vermont; State of Washington;
State of West Virginia; State of Wisconsin; City and
County of San Francisco; Public Citizen; The American
Academy of Pediatrics; American Cancer Society; American
College of Preventive Medicine; American Heart Association;
American Lung Association; American Medical Association;
American Medical Women's Association; American Public
Health Association; American Society of Addiction Medicine;
The HMO Group; National Association of Elementary School
Principals; National Association of Secondary School
Principals; National Center for Tobacco-Free Kids; State
of Kentucky; Washington Legal Foundation ("WLF"); Mario
Andretti; Don Garlits; Al Unser; Rusty Wallace; Cale
Yarborough; Richard Burr, Cass Ballenger, Howard Coble,
United States Representatives, Lauch Faircloth, United
States Senator, Amici Curiae.
COYNE BEAHM, INCORPORATED; Brown & Williamson Tobacco
Corporation; Lorillard Tobacco Company; Philip Morris,
Incorporated; RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company; United States
Tobacco Company; Conwood Company, LP; National Tobacco
Company, LP; Pinkerton Tobacco Company; Swisher
International, Incorporated; Central Carolina Grocers,
Incorporated; J.T. Davenport, Incorporated; North Carolina
Tobacco Distributors Committee, Incorporated; The American
Advertising Federation; American Association of Advertising
Agencies; Association of National Advertisers,
Incorporated; Magazine Publishers of America; The Outdoor
Advertising Association of America, Incorporated; Point of
Purchase Advertising Institute; National Association of
Convenience Stores; Acme Retail, Incorporated, Plaintiffs-Appellees,
and
Liggett Group, Incorporated, Plaintiff,
v.
FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION; David A. Kessler, M.D.,
Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Defendants-Appellants.
Attorneys General of the State of Minnesota; State of
Alaska; State of Arizona; State of Arkansas; State of
Colorado; State of Connecticut; State of Florida; State
of Hawaii; State of Illinois; State of Indiana; State of
Iowa; State of Louisiana; State of Kansas; State of
Maine; State of Maryland; State of Massachusetts; State
of Michigan; State of Mississippi; State of Missouri;
State of Montana; State of Nevada; State of New Hampshire;
State of New Jersey; State of New Mexico; State of New
York; State of North Dakota; State of Ohio; State of
Oklahoma; State of Oregon; State of Pennsylvania; State
of Rhode Island; State of South Dakota; State of Texas;
State of Utah; State of Vermont; State of Washington;
State of West Virginia; State of Wisconsin; City and
County of San Francisco; Public Citizen; The American
Academy of Pediatrics; American Cancer Society; American
College of Preventive Medicine; American Heart Association;
American Lung Association; American Medical Association;
American Medical Women's Association; American Public
Health Association; American Society of Addiction Medicine;
The HMO Group; National Association of Elementary School
Principals; National Association of Secondary School
Principals; National Center for Tobacco-Free Kids; State
of Kentucky; Washington Legal Foundation ("WLF"); Mario
Andretti; Don Garlits; Al Unser; Rusty Wallace; Cale
Yarborough; Richard Burr, Cass Ballenger, Howard Coble,
United States Representatives, Lauch Faircloth, United
States Senator, Amici Curiae.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CONVENIENCE STORES; Acme Retail,
Incorporated, Plaintiffs-Appellants,
v.
David A. KESSLER, Commissioner of the Food & Drug
Administration; Food & Drug Administration,
Defendants-Appellees,
Attorneys General of the State of Minnesota; State of
Alaska; State of Arizona; State of Arkansas; State of
Colorado; State of Connecticut; State of Florida; State
of Hawaii; State of Illinois; State of Indiana; State of
Iowa; State of Louisiana; State of Kansas; State of
Maine; State of Maryland; State of Massachusetts; State
of Michigan; State of Mississippi; State of Missouri;
State of Montana; State of Nevada; State of New Hampshire;
State of New Jersey; State of New Mexico; State of New
York; State of North Dakota; State of Ohio; State of
Oklahoma; State of Oregon; State of Rhode Island; State
of South Dakota; State of Texas; State of Utah; State of
Vermont; State of Washington; State of Wisconsin; State
of West Virginia; City and County of San Francisco; Public
Citizen; The American Academy of Pediatrics; American
Cancer Society; American College of Preventive Medicine;
American Cancer Society; American Lung Association;
American Medical Association; American Medical Women's
Association; American Public Health Association; American
Society of Addiction Medicine; The HMO Group; National
Association of Elementary School Principals; National
Association of Secondary School Principals; National Center
for Tobacco-Free Kids; State of Kentucky; Washington Legal
Foundation, ("WLF"); Mario Andretti, Don Garlits; Al
Unser; Rusty Wallace; Cale Yarborough; Richard Burr, Cass
Ballenger, Howard Coble, United States Representatives,
Lauch Faircloth, United States Senator, Amici Curiae.
UNITED STATES TOBACCO COMPANY; Brown & Williamson Tobacco
Corporation; Conwood Company, LP; National Tobacco
Company, LP; Pinkerton Tobacco Company; Swisher
International, Incorporated; Central Carolina Grocers,
Incorporated; J.T. Davenport, Incorporated; North Carolina
Tobacco Distributors Committee, Incorporated, Plaintiffs-Appellants,
v.
FOOD & DRUG ADMINISTRATION; David A. Kessler, M.D.,
Commissioner of Food and Drugs, Defendants-Appellees.
Attorneys General of the State of Minnesota; State of
Alaska; State of Arizona; State of Arkansas; State of
Colorado; State of Connecticut; State of Florida; State
of Hawaii; State of Illinois; State of Indiana; State of
Iowa; State of Louisiana; State of Kansas; State of
Maine; State of Maryland; State of Massachusetts; State
of Michigan; State of Mississippi; State of Missouri;
State of Montana; State of Nevada; State of New Hampshire;
State of New Jersey; State of New Mexico; State of New
York; State of North Dakota; State of Ohio; State of
Oklahoma; State of Oregon; State of Pennsylvania; State
of Rhode Island; State of South Dakota; State of Texas;
State of Utah; State of Vermont; State of Washington;
State of Wisconsin; State of West Virginia; City and
County of San Francisco; Public Citizen; The American
Academy of Pediatrics; American Cancer Society; American
College of Preventive Medicine; American Heart Association;
American Lung Association; American Medical
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44 practice notes
  • Food for human consumption: Food labeling— Dietary supplements; effect on structure or function of body; types of statements, definition,
    • United States
    • Federal Register January 06, 2000
    • 6 Enero 2000
    ...(g)(2)(iii), (g)(2)(viii), and (g)(2)(x) run afoul of the recent appellate decision in Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. FDA, 153 F.3d 155 (4th Cir. 1998), contending that ``a product is not a drug merely because a consumer uses it as one'' and that ``there must be proof as to the man......
  • Chamber of Commerce of the U.S. v. Nat'l Labor Relations Bd., No. 2:11–cv–02516–DCN.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court of South Carolina
    • 13 Abril 2012
    ...is whether Congress delegated authority to the Board to regulate employers in this manner. 5See Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. FDA, 153 F.3d 155, 161 (4th Cir.1998) (“The district court framed the issue as ‘whether Congress has evidenced its clear intent to [856 F.Supp.2d 787]withhold ......
  • Kentuckians for the Commonwealth v. Rivenburgh, No. CIV.A.2:01-0770.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Southern District of West Virginia
    • 8 Mayo 2002
    ...to carry into effect the will of Congress as expressed by the statute.'" Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Food & Drug Admin., 153 F.3d 155 (4th Cir.1998)(quoting Ernst & Ernst v. Hochfelder, 425 U.S. 185, 213-14, 96 S.Ct. 1375, 47 L.Ed.2d 668 (1976)(quoting Manhattan Gen. Equip. Co. v. C......
  • Elm Grove Coal Co. v. Director, O.W.C.P., No. 05-1108.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • 7 Marzo 2007
    ...480 F.3d 294 regulation in the area, and a consideration of other relevant statutes." Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. FDA, 153 F.3d 155, 162 (4th Cir.1998) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). With these principles in mind, we turn to Elm Grove's contention on the First of ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
43 cases
  • Chamber of Commerce of the U.S. v. Nat'l Labor Relations Bd., No. 2:11–cv–02516–DCN.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. United States District Court of South Carolina
    • 13 Abril 2012
    ...is whether Congress delegated authority to the Board to regulate employers in this manner. 5See Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. FDA, 153 F.3d 155, 161 (4th Cir.1998) (“The district court framed the issue as ‘whether Congress has evidenced its clear intent to [856 F.Supp.2d 787]withhold ......
  • Kentuckians for the Commonwealth v. Rivenburgh, No. CIV.A.2:01-0770.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 4th Circuit. Southern District of West Virginia
    • 8 Mayo 2002
    ...to carry into effect the will of Congress as expressed by the statute.'" Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. Food & Drug Admin., 153 F.3d 155 (4th Cir.1998)(quoting Ernst & Ernst v. Hochfelder, 425 U.S. 185, 213-14, 96 S.Ct. 1375, 47 L.Ed.2d 668 (1976)(quoting Manhattan Gen. Equip. Co. v. C......
  • Elm Grove Coal Co. v. Director, O.W.C.P., No. 05-1108.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • 7 Marzo 2007
    ...480 F.3d 294 regulation in the area, and a consideration of other relevant statutes." Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. FDA, 153 F.3d 155, 162 (4th Cir.1998) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). With these principles in mind, we turn to Elm Grove's contention on the First of ......
  • Kentuckians for Commonwealth Inc. v. Riverburgh, No. 02-1736.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (4th Circuit)
    • 29 Enero 2003
    ...congressional intent is clear from application of "traditional tools of statutory construction," Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corp. v. FDA, 153 F.3d 155, 161 (4th Cir.1998), aff'd, 529 U.S. 120, 120 S.Ct. 1291, 146 L.Ed.2d 121 (2000), "that is the end of the matter; for the court, as well as ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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