Carr Enterprises, Inc. v. United States, Civ. No. 80-3063.

CourtUnited States District Courts. 8th Circuit. United States District Courts. 8th Circuit. District of South Dakota
Citation539 F. Supp. 528
Docket NumberCiv. No. 80-3063.
PartiesCARR ENTERPRISES, INC., a Corporation, Plaintiff, v. UNITED STATES of America, Defendant.
Decision Date20 May 1982

539 F. Supp. 528

CARR ENTERPRISES, INC., a Corporation, Plaintiff,
UNITED STATES of America, Defendant.

Civ. No. 80-3063.

United States District Court, D. South Dakota, C. D.

May 20, 1982.

J. W. Grieves, Grieves & Rahn, Winner, S. D., for plaintiff.

Lawrence E. Meuwissen, Trial Atty., Tax Division, Dept. of Justice, Washington, D. C., Dawn Bowen, Asst. U. S. Atty., Pierre, S. D., for defendant.

539 F. Supp. 529


DONALD J. PORTER, District Judge.


Plaintiff, a South Dakota corporation, brought this case1 as a quiet title action, contending that the federal tax liens on property owned by plaintiff were invalid because the liens — based on tax assessments against plaintiff's principal stockholders — were created after its stockholders had transferred the property to plaintiff. Defendant United States asserted a counterclaim, seeking to have the transfer of the property to plaintiff by its stockholders declared a fraudulent conveyance under South Dakota law. Having considered the evidence presented at trial, and the briefs of the parties, the Court must rule that the filing of the lien did not deprive the stockholders of due process of law, that the transfer of the property to plaintiff was a fraudulent conveyance, and that the federal tax liens on the property are valid.


In September 1975, Gene and Frances Carr purchased the Buffalo Trail Motel, the property here in dispute, in Winner, South Dakota, on a contract for deed. At the same time, the Carrs formed Carr Enterprises, Inc. under South Dakota laws, ostensibly to avoid the South Dakota usury law limiting the interest rate on loans to individuals. The Carrs were soon thereafter involved in disputes with the Federal Government over the Carrs' income tax liabilities for 1972, 1973, 1974 and 1975. Gene Carr litigated his 1972 and 1973 tax liability in Tax Court. A deficiency was assessed for taxable year 1973 against Frances Carr, (who had not participated in the Tax Court Action) in February 1977. Internal Revenue Service personnel attempted on a number of occasions beginning in late 1976 and continuing into June 1978 to examine the Carrs' financial records for 1974 and 1975, but with no real success. Deficiencies were assessed against Gene Carr in October, 1978 for the taxable years 1972 and 1973, following a May 25, 1978 Tax Court ruling adverse to Carr. Further deficiencies were assessed against both Carrs in March, 1979 for the taxable years 1974 and 1975.2

On May 29, 1978 the Carrs transferred their interest in the Buffalo Trail Motel, as well as their personal residence, to Carr Enterprises. At the same time, the motor vehicles owned by the Carrs were transferred to another corporation, D. C. Services Corporation, owned by the Carrs. The only consideration for these transfers was an issuance of stock by the corporations to the Carrs. On May 29, 1978, Gene Carr also transferred his majority stock in the two corporations to a church known as the Life Science Church, which appears to have been formed no earlier than May 25, 1978. Also on May 29, 1978, Gene Carr signed a printed form "vow of poverty" in connection with the formation of this church.3 The three church "trustees", who signed an acceptance of the church charter on May 29, 1978, were Gene Carr, Frances Carr and a Donna J. Hiles. Gene Carr was ordained as a minister of this church on May 25, 1978, although he testified that both before and after this occurrence he was a practicing Roman Catholic.

The Government filed the tax liens here in question against the Carrs on July 2, 1979 (for the liabilities of both Carrs for taxable years 1974 and 1975) and on July 29, 1980 (for the liability of Frances Carr for taxable year 1973) in the office of the Tripp County Register of Deeds (the county in which the realty involved is situate).

539 F. Supp. 530


The first issue plaintiff raised is whether the assessment of tax deficiencies for 1974 and 1975 violated Gene and Frances Carrs' due process rights. Assuming without deciding that plaintiff has standing to urge this contention, it is evident that this argument is without merit. In plaintiff's amended complaint, it was contended that the Government had failed to make demand for deficiency "prior to the assessment and filing of the lien." See 26 U.S.C. § 6321: "If any person liable to pay any tax neglects or refuses to pay the same after demand, the amount ... shall be a lien in favor of the United States upon...

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6 cases
  • SFN Shareholders Grantor Trust v. Indiana Dept. of State Revenue, 49T10-9109-TA-00049
    • United States
    • Indiana Tax Court of Indiana
    • November 13, 1992
    ...the tax arena in certain circumstances, most often having to do with fraud. See, e.g., Carr Enterprises v. United States (D.S.D.1982), 539 F.Supp. 528, aff'd, (8th Cir.1983), 698 F.2d 952 (disregarding corporate entity created to shield shareholders from liability for federal tax liens); Bu......
  • Loving Saviour Church v. United States, Civ. No. 82-4176.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 8th Circuit. United States District Courts. 8th Circuit. District of South Dakota
    • February 9, 1983
    ...fraudulently conveyed 556 F. Supp. 691 property in order to invalidate a federal tax lien. In Carr Enterprises, Inc. v. United States, 539 F.Supp. 528 (D.S.D.1982), the taxpayers owned a motel, a residence and motor vehicles. They were involved in income tax liability disputes with the Fede......
  • William L. Comer Family Equity Trust v. US, 87-CV-30092 PH.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 6th Circuit. United States District Court (Western District Michigan)
    • February 16, 1990
    ...and may be levied upon to satisfy" the relevant tax liability. 728 F.2d at 1086, citing Carr Enterprises, Inc. v. United States, 539 F.Supp. 528 (D.S.D.1982), aff'd, 698 F.2d 952 (8th Next, the district court examined several factors, including the following, in concluding that the plaintif......
  • INTERN. UNION, UNITED AUTO., ETC. v. General Elec., Civ. No. 81-2213.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 8th Circuit. Western District of Arkansas
    • May 20, 1982
    ...the exclusion contained in the Collective Bargaining Agreement cannot be reasonably interpreted in any manner other than to exclude the 539 F. Supp. 528 grievance which is the subject matter of this lawsuit from...
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