Charley's Tour & Transp., Inc., Application of, 5383

CourtSupreme Court of Hawai'i
Citation522 P.2d 1272,55 Haw. 463
Docket NumberNo. 5383,5383
Decision Date15 May 1974

Page 1272

522 P.2d 1272
55 Haw. 463
No. 5383.
Supreme Court of Hawai'i.
May 15, 1974.
Rehearing Denied Aug. 19, 1974.

Page 1273

Syllabus by the Court

1. An appellate court's review of a decision of the Public Utilities Commission is limited to a determination of whether such decision has a rational basis in the facts found, and such findings will be presumed to be reasonable if supported by substantial evidence.

Page 1274

2. Substantial evidence is relevant and credible evidence of a quality and quantity to justify a reasonable man to reach a conclusion.

3. An appellate court may not consider errors or grounds for appeal from a decision of the Public Utilities Commission not specifically cited in a petition for reconsideration, as required by HRS § 271-32(b).

4. [55 Haw. 464] The health and stability of existing carriers and the adequacy of existing services are but two of the elements to be considered by the Commission in determining whether present or future public convenience and necessity will require the proposed service.

5. The applicant may meet his burden of proving public convenience and necessity by demonstrating either a lack of adequate existing facilities to presently serve the public, or insufficient facilities to meet anticipated future demands for service.

6. Testimony that there existed a steady increase in the volume of tourist visitor arrivals in Hawaii, including seasonal surges of Japanese tourists, resulting in a need for more and better bus service on Oahu; that certain sectors of the public were inadequately serviced by the exising carriers; that the contemplated sale of the Honolulu Rapid Transit Co. to the City and County of Honolulu would deprive existing carriers of their major source of long-term and short-term leased busses; that applicant had experienced difficulty in chartering busses in advance from existing carriers to satisfy the demands of its customers; and that most of the existing carriers either contemplated purchasing or leasing additional busses, or had additional busses on order; was substantial evidence to support a finding that the proposed service was required by the present and future public convenience and necessity.

7. Submission of the applicant's financial statement for the nine months ending September 30, 1971, in addition to testimony that the applicant had a long history as a carrier in a lower classification and through a separate corporate entity, in the taxi industry; that applicant desired to initiate innovative tours; that by the applicant's certified public accountant, the applicant's sole stockholder had made an inter-company loan to the applicant of $12,300, and that the applicant's deficit financial position was not unusual for a recently-acquired company which had assumed large existing debts of its predecessor; and that by applicant's business manager, he had arranged for the purchase and delivery of four busses and that applicant's sole stockholder and other undisclosed financial institutions would finance the acquisition was substantial evidence to support a finding that the applicant was fit, willing, and able to perform the proposed service.

[55 Haw. 471] Jack H. Mizuha, Arthur S. K. Fong, Honolulu, for intervenors-appellants.

Wendell K. Kimura and Ben F. Kaito, Honolulu, for applicant-appellee.

Harry S. Y. Kim, Deputy Atty. Gen., and George Pai, Atty. Gen., Honolulu, for the Commission.

[55 Haw. 463] Before RICHARDSON, C. J., LEVINSON, KOBAYASHI and OGATA, JJ., and Circuit Judge LUM assigned by reason of vacancy.

RICHARDSON, Chief Justice.

[55 Haw. 464] On February 19, 1971, appellee-applicant Charley's Tour and Transportation, Inc., a certified common carrier of passengers by motor vehicles, applied to appellee, the Public Utilities Commission, hereinafter the 'Commission,' for an expansion of its operating authority under Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity No. 428-C to include, in addition to existing authority to operate motor vehicles with seating capacities of 1-7 and 8-12 passengers, authority to operate [55 Haw. 465] motor vehicles with a seating capacity of 12 or more passengers over irregular routes on the island of Oahu. On November 9, 1971, applicant amended its application to include a request

Page 1275

for temporary expansion of authority to operate motor mehicles with a seating capacity of 12 or more passengers. The Commission permitted appellants Robert's Ilima Tours, Inc., Trade Wind Transportation Co., Ltd., and Gray Line Hawaii, Ltd., three competing carriers, to intervene in the proceedings to protest the granting of the application.

Hearings on the application were held on November 9, 10, 11, 12, and 15, 1971, before the four members of the Commission (one of the memberships of the Commission was vacant). Commissioner Wasano was absent from the hearings on November 12 and Chairman Dolim was absent for 41 minutes from the hearings on November 15. On November 16, the Commission granted the application for temporary authority effective December 1. Appellants filed proposed findings of fact, conclusions of law, decision and order on December 15, 1971. Applicant filed proposed findings of fact, conclusions of law, decision, and order on December 27, 1971.

On January 18, 1972, Commissioner Arakaki was sworn in to replace Commissioner Wasano, who had resigned, and Commissioner Horikawa was sworn in to fill the vacancy. At the Commission's meeting on February 11, 1972, the three commissioners who had attended the hearings, including Chairman Dolim, who had absented himself from a portion of the hearings, voted to grant the application for permanent expansion of authority. The two new commissioners, who did not participate in the hearings, abstained from the voting. The parties were notified of this decision by letter on February 18, 1972.

On March 15, 1972, appellants filed a petition to reopen to take additional new evidence of applicant's financial responsibility. On April 18, 1972, the Commission filed Decision and Order No. 2941 formally granting the application. At no prior time, however, did the Commission submit a proposed decision to the parties. Appellants filed a petition for reconsideration with the Commission on April 28, 1972. At the [55 Haw. 466] Commission's meeting of May 2, 1972, Chairman Dolim and the two 'new' commissioners voted to deny the petition, the other commissioners being absent. From the denial of the petition this appeal was taken.

We affirm.


At the outset we note that our review in this case is limited to a determination of:

. . . whether the Commission has observed the requirements of the law in the conduct of their proceedings and additionally, whether the conclusions as to public convenience and necessity have a rational basis in the facts found, which must be supported by substantial evidence on the record considered as a whole. Watkins Motor Lines, Inc. v. United States, 243 F.Supp. 436, 439 (D.Neb.1965).

Appellants raise seven citations of error. First they contend that because not all of the commissioners who voted to approve appellee's application heard and examined all of the evidence presented, the Commission violated the requirements of HRS § 91-11 1 by not sending a proposed decision to the appellants. Second they argue that the commission violated the requirements

Page 1276

of HRS § 91-12 2 by failing to make a ruling on each finding of fact proposed by appellants. This [55 Haw. 467] court has in four recent cases, In re Oahu Terminal Services, Inc., 52 Haw. 221, 473 P.2d 573 (1970); In re Western Motor Tariff Bureau, Inc., 53 Haw. 14, 486 P.2d 413 (1971); and In re Terminal Transportation, Inc., 54 Haw. 134, 504 P.2d 1214 (1972), and In re Hawaiian Telephone Co., 54 Haw. 663, 513 P.2d 1376 (1973), admonished the Commission for failure to comply with the procedural requirements of the Hawaii Administrative Procedures Act. We will not, as we indicated in In re Terminal Transportation Inc., supra, 54 Haw. at 138, 504 P.2d at 1216,

in the absence of clear legislative direction to the contrary, . . . interpret provisions of the Hawaii Administrative Procedure Act so as to give government even 'an appearance of being arbitrary or capricious.' (Citations omitted.)

Both appellees (the Commission and the applicant) reply...

To continue reading

Request your trial
46 cases
  • White v. Sabatino, Civ. No. 04-00500 ACK/LEK.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Court (Hawaii)
    • 20 Julio 2007 limit liability to the most guilty officials by requiring a higher standard of proof of the plaintiff. See Medeiros, 55 Haw. at 504, 522 P.2d at 1272. Here, Plaintiff has failed to introduce any evidence that Silva and Pagan were motivated by improper purposes, acted dishonestly, or in b......
  • Shinn v. Edwin Yee, Ltd., 5540
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Hawai'i
    • 24 Agosto 1976 of sufficient quantity and probative value to justify a reasonable man in reaching a conclusion. In re Charley's Tour & Transp., Inc., 55 Haw. 463, 522 P.2d 1272 The trial court found that the parties entered into a joint venture agreement as of March 14, 1966. This finding is amply supp......
  • Cornel v. Hawaii, Civ. No. 19-00236 JMS-RT
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Court (Hawaii)
    • 17 Noviembre 2020
    ...plausibly indicate that Kauahi was ‘motivated by malice and not by an otherwise proper purpose.’ ") (quoting Medeiros , 55 Haw. at 504, 522 P.2d at 1272 ).Further, the court denied Kauahi's Motion to Dismiss the § 1983 claims because some of the SAC's allegations, assumed as true, were suff......
  • Doi v. Aoki, CIVIL NO. 10-00639 LEK-RLP
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Court (Hawaii)
    • 27 Julio 2012
    ...convincing proof that the official was motivated by malice and not by an otherwise proper purpose. Towse, 647 P.2d at 702-03; Medeiros, 522 P.2d at 1272. When a public official is motivated by malice, and not by an otherwise proper purpose, Hawaii law provides that the cloak of immunity is ......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT