Chemung Cnty. Dep't of Soc. Servs. v. Joseph W. (In re Taj'Ier W.)

Citation209 A.D.3d 1203,177 N.Y.S.3d 383
Decision Date27 October 2022
Docket Number533504
Parties In the MATTER OF TAJ'IER W., Alleged to be an Abandoned Child. Chemung County Department of Social Services, Respondent; v. Joseph W., Appellant. (And Another Related Proceeding.)
CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division

Kathryn Friedman, Buffalo, for appellant.

M. Hyder Hussain, County Attorney, Elmira (Damian M. Sonsire of counsel), for respondent.

Pamela Doyle Gee, Big Flats, attorney for the child.

Before: Clark, J.P., Aarons, Pritzker, Reynolds Fitzgerald and Ceresia, JJ.


Clark, J.P. Appeal from an order of the Family Court of Chemung County (Mary M. Tarantelli, J.), entered March 23, 2021, which, among other things, granted petitioner's application, in a proceeding pursuant to Social Services Law § 384–b, to adjudicate the subject child to be abandoned and terminated respondent's parental rights.

Respondent is the father of a child (born in 2018). The child, who sustained severe injuries when he was 27 days old as a result of shaken baby syndrome, has been in petitioner's custody since January 2019. In November 2020, more than a year after respondent consented to a finding of abuse without admission, petitioner commenced an abandonment proceeding alleging that respondent failed to have meaningful contact with the child or petitioner during the preceding six months and seeking to terminate respondent's parental rights. Following a virtual fact-finding hearing, Family Court, among other things,1 adjudged the child to have been abandoned by respondent and committed guardianship and custody to petitioner. 2

Respondent appeals, arguing that petitioner failed to establish by clear and convincing evidence that he abandoned the child.

Family Court may terminate a respondent's parental rights upon a finding of abandonment if the petitioning agency proves by clear and convincing evidence that, during the six months preceding the petition's filing, the respondent "evince[d] an intent to forego his or her parental rights and obligations as manifested by his or her failure to visit the child and communicate with the child or agency, although able to do so and not prevented or discouraged from doing so by the agency" ( Social Services Law § 384–b [5][a] ; see Social Services Law § 384–b [4][b] ; Matter of Mason H. [Joseph H.], 31 N.Y.3d 1109, 1110, 80 N.Y.S.3d 211, 105 N.E.3d 350 [2018] ). If the petitioning agency satisfies its burden of proving that the respondent failed to maintain sufficient contact for the statutory period, the burden shifts to "the parent to prove an inability to maintain contact or that he or she was prevented or discouraged from doing so by the petitioning agency" ( Matter of Jackie B. [Dennis B.], 75 A.D.3d 692, 693, 903 N.Y.S.2d 612 [3d Dept. 2010] ; see Matter of Joseph D. [Joseph PP.], 193 A.D.3d 1290, 1292, 147 N.Y.S.3d 231 [3d Dept. 2021] ). Where, as here, an order of protection prohibits a respondent from directly contacting his or her child, the respondent is nonetheless obligated to maintain contact with the petitioning agency (see Matter of Gabrielle HH., 1 N.Y.3d 549, 550, 772 N.Y.S.2d 643, 804 N.E.2d 964 [2003] ; Matter of Tinisha J. [William J.], 135 A.D.3d 760, 762, 23 N.Y.S.3d 313 [2d Dept. 2016] ; Matter of Miranda J. [Jeromy J.], 118 A.D.3d 1469, 1470, 988 N.Y.S.2d 379 [4th Dept. 2014] ; Matter of Tiffany RR., 44 A.D.3d 1126, 1127–1128, 843 N.Y.S.2d 477 [3d Dept. 2007], lv denied 9 N.Y.3d 819, 852 N.Y.S.2d 15, 881 N.E.2d 1202 [2008] ).

The evidence established that, during the relevant six-month period from May 2020 through November 2020, respondent had no contact with petitioner outside of court appearances, no contact with the child's foster parents and only one phone conversation with a family specialist/counselor at Pathways Incorporated, who testified that respondent did not inquire about the child during that conversation. Petitioner's caseworker testified that respondent did leave one voicemail for her in September 2020, during which he inquired about the child, but stated that her same-day attempts to call him back were unsuccessful and that she was never able to connect with respondent thereafter. The evidence further demonstrated that respondent did not request photographs or seek updates about the child's extensive medical issues or send the foster parents any cards or gifts for the child. In short, respondent's sporadic and insubstantial contacts were insufficient to preclude a finding of abandonment and the burden, therefore, shifted to respondent to demonstrate that he was unable to maintain contact or, if able, was prevented or discouraged from doing so by petitioner (see Matter of Colby II. [Chalmers JJ.], 140 A.D.3d 1484, 1485, 34 N.Y.S.3d 522 [3d Dept. 2016] ; Matter of Carter A. [Jason A.], 111 A.D.3d 1181, 1183, 977 N.Y.S.2d 415 [3d Dept. 2013], lv denied 22 N.Y.3d 862, 2014 WL 642707 [2014] ).

Respondent did not contest his failure to...

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