Ciba Corporation v. Weinberger 8212 528, No. 72

CourtUnited States Supreme Court
Writing for the CourtDOUGLAS
PartiesCIBA CORPORATION, Petitioner, v. Caspar W. WEINBERGER, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, et al. —528
Decision Date18 June 1973
Docket NumberNo. 72

412 U.S. 640
93 S.Ct. 2495
37 L.Ed.2d 230
CIBA CORPORATION, Petitioner,

v.

Caspar W. WEINBERGER, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare, et al.

No. 72—528.
Argued April 17, 1973.
Decided June 18, 1973.

Syllabus

Petitioner manufactures a drug called Ritonic Capsules, for which it filed a new drug application (NDA) that became effective in 1959, on the basis of the drug's safety. After the enactment of the 1962 amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) withdrew approval of the NDA on the ground that there was no substantial evidence that the drug was effective as claimed, under § 505 of the Act. Petitioner sought review of the withdrawal order in the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, as provided in § 505(h), and that court affirmed the order. Prior to the issuance of the withdrawal order, petitioner sought declaratory and injunctive relief in the District Court in New Jersey, which granted the Government's motion to dismiss the complaint for lack of jurisdiction. The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit affirmed, holding that FDA was authorized to decide the jurisdictional question as an incident of its power to approve or withdraw approval for NDAs, that its decision was reviewable on direct appeal by a court of appeals, and since the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit had ruled against petitioner on that appeal, the jurisdictional issue could not be relitigated in a separate suit for a declaratory judgment. Held:

1. FDA has jurisdiction in an administrative proceeding to determine whether a drug produce is a 'new drug' within the meaning of § 201(p) of the Act. Weinberger v. Bentex Pharmaceuticals Inc., 412 U.S. 645, 93 S.Ct. 2488, 37 L.Ed.2d 235. Pp. 644—644.

2. While the Act provides FDA with sanctions, such as civil injunction proceedings, criminal penalties, and in rem seizure and condemnation, to enforce the prohibition against sale in commerce of any article in violation of § 505, the Act does not create a dual system, one administrative and the other judicial. P. 644.

3. Where petitioner had an opportunity to litigate the 'new drug' issue before FDA and to raise the issue on appeal to

Page 641

a court of appeals, it may not relitigate the issue in another proceeding. P. 644.

463 F.2d 225, affirmed.

Opening statement by Daniel M. Friedman, Washington, D.C., for Caspar W. Weinberger, Secretary, HEW, in all five cases.

Daniel M. Friedman, Washington, D.C., for respondents.

Clyde A. Szuch, Newark, N.J., for petitioner.

Mr. Justice DOUGLAS delivered the opinion of the Court.

Petitioner manufactures a drug called Ritonic Capsules* for which it filed a new drug application (NDA) that became effective in 1959. Under the Act then in force, an NDA for a 'new drug' required the manufacturer to submit to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) adequate proof of the drug's safety. This

Page 642

particular NDA became effective on the basis of the drug's safety. As we have noted in the companion cases, the 1962 amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938, 52 Stat. 1040, as amended, 76 Stat. 780, directed FDA to withdraw approval for NDA's which became effective prior to that time if, after notice and opportunity for hearing, it found a lack of 'substantial evidence' that the drug involved was effective as claimed in its labeling. And, as we have noted, 'substantial evidence' as used in the Act, §§ 505(d) and 505(e)(3), 21 U.S.C. §§ 355(d) and 355(e)(3), means 'adequate and well-controlled investigations' from which experts may conclude that the drug will have the claimed effect.

A panel of the National Academy of Sciences-National Research...

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49 practice notes
  • United States v. JB Williams Company, Inc., No. 236
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • May 2, 1974
    ...there such an issue the district court could "stay its hand" pending a determination thereof by the agency. Cf. CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 644, 93 S.Ct. 2495, 37 L.Ed.2d 230 E. Judicial Precedent, and, Parenthetically, Constitutionality. As stated, there is only one case that h......
  • U.S. v. Alcon Laboratories, Nos. 80-1188
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (1st Circuit)
    • February 24, 1981
    ...37 L.Ed.2d 235 (1973); Hynson, supra, 412 U.S. at 624, 93 S.Ct. at 2480, and the federal district courts, see CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 644, 93 S.Ct. 2495, 2498, 37 L.Ed.2d 230 (1973); Premo Pharmaceutical, supra, 629 F.2d at 801; United States v. "X-OTAG Plus Tablets", 602 F.......
  • National Nutritional Foods Association v. Weinberger, No. 73 Civ. 3448.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • April 5, 1974
    ...view "would seriously impair FDA's ability to discharge the responsibilities placed on it by Congress." CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 643, 93 S. Ct. 2495, 2498, 37 L.Ed.2d 230 Our Court of Appeals has recognized similarly that "the Commissioner has the power to issue binding inter......
  • Cutler v. Kennedy, Civ. A. No. 77-0734.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. United States District Court (Columbia)
    • July 16, 1979
    ...Court in 1973: Weinberger v. Hynson, Westcott and Dunning, Inc., 412 U.S. 609, 93 S.Ct. 2469, 37 L.Ed.2d 207; CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 93 S.Ct. 2495, 37 L.Ed.2d 230; Weinberger v. Bentex Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 412 U.S. 645, 93 S.Ct. 2488, 37 L.Ed.2d 235; and USV Pharmaceutica......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
49 cases
  • United States v. JB Williams Company, Inc., No. 236
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • May 2, 1974
    ...there such an issue the district court could "stay its hand" pending a determination thereof by the agency. Cf. CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 644, 93 S.Ct. 2495, 37 L.Ed.2d 230 E. Judicial Precedent, and, Parenthetically, Constitutionality. As stated, there is only one case that h......
  • U.S. v. Alcon Laboratories, Nos. 80-1188
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (1st Circuit)
    • February 24, 1981
    ...37 L.Ed.2d 235 (1973); Hynson, supra, 412 U.S. at 624, 93 S.Ct. at 2480, and the federal district courts, see CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 644, 93 S.Ct. 2495, 2498, 37 L.Ed.2d 230 (1973); Premo Pharmaceutical, supra, 629 F.2d at 801; United States v. "X-OTAG Plus Tablets", 602 F.......
  • National Nutritional Foods Association v. Weinberger, No. 73 Civ. 3448.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • April 5, 1974
    ...view "would seriously impair FDA's ability to discharge the responsibilities placed on it by Congress." CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 643, 93 S. Ct. 2495, 2498, 37 L.Ed.2d 230 Our Court of Appeals has recognized similarly that "the Commissioner has the power to issue binding inter......
  • Cutler v. Kennedy, Civ. A. No. 77-0734.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. United States District Court (Columbia)
    • July 16, 1979
    ...Court in 1973: Weinberger v. Hynson, Westcott and Dunning, Inc., 412 U.S. 609, 93 S.Ct. 2469, 37 L.Ed.2d 207; CIBA Corp. v. Weinberger, 412 U.S. 640, 93 S.Ct. 2495, 37 L.Ed.2d 230; Weinberger v. Bentex Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 412 U.S. 645, 93 S.Ct. 2488, 37 L.Ed.2d 235; and USV Pharmaceutica......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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