Cicerchia v. Cicerchia

Citation360 P.2d 839,77 Nev. 158
Decision Date04 April 1961
Docket NumberNo. 4342,4342
PartiesJoseph A. CICERCHIA, Appellant, v. Carmela CICERCHIA, Respondent.
CourtNevada Supreme Court

Robert Cohen, Las Vegas, for appellant.

George Rudiak, Las Vegas, for respondent.

McNAMEE, Justice.

Appellant commenced an action for divorce against his wife in the lower court through Robert Cohen of Las Vegas, Nevada, his attorney of record. Summons was served on respondent in Rhode Island on April 1, 1960 after publication of summons had been ordered. She failed to appear in said action on or before April 21, 1960, the time provided by law for appearance after service of summons. On April 22, 1960 respondent's default was entered and on the same day appellant appeared in court in said action and obtained a decree of divorce. Judgment to that effect was thereupon entered. On May 19, 1960 respondent caused to be served on Robert Cohen, as appellant's attorney, and filed in the court below a motion to set aside the default and decree of divorce for the reason of her mistake, inadvertence, surprise, and excusable neglect and asked for leave to file her proposed answer and counterclaims for separate maintenance. Appeal is from the order granting said motion.

Three errors are assigned, to wit, (1) the court erred in setting aside the default and decree of divorce because the respondent was negligent and not timely in filing an answer herein; (2) the court erred in setting aside the default and decree of divorce because respondent failed to show that her failure to file within the time provided by law was due to mistake, inadvertence, and excusable neglect; (3) in setting aside the default and decree of divorce the court erred in finding that both parties appeared by duly authorized counsel.

Specification 3 was waived by appellant during oral argument. It is without merit in view of our decision in State ex rel. Groves v. 1st Judicial District Court, 61 Nev. 269, 125 P.2d 723. See Rule 5(b), NRCP, and Caplow v. Eighth Judicial District Court, 72 Nev. 265, 302 P.2d 755.

Specifications of error 1 and 2 can be considered together.

Under Rule 60(b), NRCP, a party on motion made within six months after entry of judgment may be relieved from a judgment entered due to his mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect. Under Rule 55(c), NRCP, the court likewise may set aside an entry of default. In order to prove excusable neglect the affidavits of respondent and of Benjamin A. Friedman, an attorney at law, with offices at Taunton, Massachusetts, were received in evidence in support of respondent's motion and were not controverted. The sole question presented for decision herein is whether said affidavits are sufficient to establish excusable neglect on the part of respondent.

Respondent's affidavit, dated May 6, 1960, states that she suffered a nervous breakdown and mental disorder because of the cruel and abusive conduct of appellant; that she communicated with attorney Friedman to engage him to defend the divorce proceedings in Nevada and after being informed by said Friedman that a hearing on the merits would not take place for 60 to 90 days, she became ill, was confined to bed, and unable to check upon the work of Friedman until May 2, 1960 when she learned that a decree of divorce had already been entered; that immediately thereafter she took steps to have the decree set aside. The affidavit of Friedman states that respondent engaged him to hire a Las Vegas attorney to do all things necessary to protest the divorce proceedings; that he was under the mistaken belief that respondent had at least 30 days to file an answer and so notified respondent; that he was absent from his office until May 2, 1960 when he was contacted by respondent at which time he learned that a decree of divorce had been entered; that he then engaged Las Vegas counsel to represent respondent; and that the delay was in no way attributable to the fault of respondent.

The said answer and counterclaims were part of the moving papers and were verified by respondent's Nevada counsel. The answer denied the alleged ground for divorce, to wit, extreme cruelty, while the counterclaims prayed for separate maintenance alleging extreme cruelty and desertion on the part of appellant.

A motion to set aside a default and vacate the judgment resulting therefrom is addressed largely to the sound discretion of the court, Bryant v. Gibbs, 69 Nev. 167, 243 P.2d 1050, and will not be disturbed on review unless there has been an abuse of...

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  • Vargas v. J Morales Inc.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Nevada
    • June 2, 2022
    ...360 P.2d 1039, 1040 (1961) ("[A]ppeal is from the order setting aside the entry of default and the judgment."); Cicerchia v. Cicerchia, 77 Nev. 158, 159, 360 P.2d 839, 840 (1961) (same).In 2004, we confirmed in Lindblom v. Prime Hospital Corp., that "[a]n order setting aside a default judgm......
  • Kahn v. Orme
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Nevada
    • August 5, 1992 inexcusable." Britz v. Consolidated Casinos Corp., 87 Nev. 441, 445-46, 488 P.2d 911, 915 (1971) (quoting Cicerchia v. Cicerchia, 77 Nev. 158, 161, 360 P.2d 839, 841 (1961)). Accordingly, we cannot conclude that Judge Becker her discretion in ruling against Kahn below. CONCLUSION Kahn ha......
  • Britz v. Consolidated Casinos Corp.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Nevada
    • September 15, 1971 set aside. 'A court has wide discretion in determining what neglect is excusable and what is inexcusable.' Cicerchia v. Cicerchia, 77 Nev. 158, 161, 360 P.2d 839, 841 (1961). In Minton v. Roliff, 86 Nev. 478, 480, 471 P.2d 209, 210 (1970), this court said: 'We have repeatedly held that a......
  • Hotel Last Frontier Corp. v. Frontier Properties, Inc.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Nevada
    • April 3, 1963
    ...4 Nev. 171; State of Nevada v. Consolidated V. & C. M. Co., 13 Nev. 194; Bowman v. Bowman, 47 Nev. 207, 217 P. 1102; Cicerchia v. Cicerchia, 77 Nev. 158, 360 P.2d 839; Blakeney v. Fremont Hotel, Inc., 77 Nev. 191, 360 P.2d 1039; Anderson v. Havas, 77 Nev. 223, 361 P.2d 536; (2) cases where ......
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