Clinton v. United States

Decision Date06 November 1961
Docket NumberNo. 17338.,17338.
Citation297 F.2d 899
PartiesRichard H. CLINTON, Appellant, v. UNITED STATES of America, Appellee.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Ninth Circuit

Richard H. Clinton, in pro. per.

Charles P. Moriarty, U. S. Atty., Douglas M. Fryer, Asst. U. S. Atty., Keith R. Ferguson, Sp. Asst. to Atty. Gen., for appellee, Robert V. Holland and Bogle, Bogle & Gates, Seattle, Wash., of counsel.

Before POPE and HAMLIN, Circuit Judges, and JAMESON, District Judge.

HAMLIN, Circuit Judge.

This is an appeal by Richard H. Clinton, herein called appellant, from an order of the District Court of the Western District of Washington, which reads in part as follows:

"It is further ordered that libellant Richard H. Clinton be and hereby is permanently and forever enjoined from making claim against the United States of America of any nature whatsoever arising out of any alleged rights, liabilities or claim for damages or for any recovery of whatsoever nature, in admiralty, in contract, in tort, or in equity, arising out of any injury and/or damage sustained by said libellant Richard H. Clinton on the 18th day of March, 1945, while serving aboard the S.S. PLYMOUTH VICTORY."

This court has jurisdiction under the provisions of 28 U.S.C.A. § 1291.

Appellant suffered certain injuries in an accident on March 18, 1945, while aboard the S.S. Plymouth Victory which was allegedly owned by the United States of America, appellee herein. On December 13, 1945, appellant filed an action in the district court setting forth said accident and claiming damages therefrom for "personal injuries part of which is maintenance and cure." On January 6, 1947, appellant duly executed a release in said action, wherein in consideration of the sum of $4,962.50 he did "release, discharge and forever acquit the steamship PLYMOUTH VICTORY, her agents * * * and the United States of America * * * of and for any and all claims, demands or charges of whatever nature and from any and all damages, injuries, actions or causes of action, either in law, in equity or admiralty, for negligence or otherwise, including claims for wages, MAINTENANCE AND/OR CURE, arising out of or in connection with that certain accident sustained by the appellant on or about the 18th day of March, 1945, while the undersigned was EMPLOYED AS ACTING SECOND MATE ABOARD SAID VESSEL * * *." In the action which was filed and at the time of the release appellant was represented by counsel at all times.

Eight years later, in August, 1955, appellant filed another action in the district court based on the same accident of March 18, 1945, aboard the S.S. Plymouth Victory in which he sought recovery for further maintenance and cure and for benefits under the Vocational Rehabilitation Act, 29 U.S.C.A. § 31 et seq. In this action the district court found that the release signed by appellant in 1947 covering the same accident precluded his recovery for further maintenance and cure and denied him benefits under the Vocational Rehabilitation Act. Thereafter, appellant appealed to this court, and this court affirmed the judgment of the district court, Clinton v. United States, 254 F.2d 409 (9th Cir., 1958), reference to which opinion is made for a further statement of facts. This court later denied appellant's petition for a rehearing. Subsequently, the United States Supreme Court denied appellant's petition for writ of certiorari, 358 U.S. 941, 79 S.Ct. 347, 3 L.Ed.2d 348 (1959).

On May 15, 1959, appellant in propria persona again filed an action in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington, sometimes labeled a "libel of review"1 and other times labeled a proceeding under Rule 60 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, 28 U.S.C.A. Set forth therein are twelve separate alleged causes of action in which he seeks again to set aside the terms of the release executed by him in 1947 and also seeks to recover further damages for maintenance and cure by reason of injuries allegedly suffered in the same accident of March 18, 1945, aboard the S.S. Plymouth Victory. The action contains the same general allegations and claims as were contained in the action filed by appellant in August, 1955, which last mentioned action has proceeded to final judgment against appellant.

Appellee filed a motion in the district court in said action seeking a permanent injunction to prevent the appellant from "continuing, commencing or prosecuting this or any other proceeding against it, in State or Federal Courts, or from relitigating or attempting to relitigate the same cause of action or any right, question of fact relating to the subject matter thereof, which was involved in the decisions of this court in RICHARD H. CLINTON, LIBELLANT VS. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENT, CASE No. 16145 by the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in "CLINTON, APPELLANT, VS UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENT, 254 Fed. 2d 409, or by the United States Supreme Court in RICHARD H. CLINTON, APPELLANT, VS UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, RESPONDENT, CAUSE No. 199 MISC. 358 U.S. 941, 79 S.Ct. 347 "3 L.Ed.2d 348." sic2 After notice to appellant the district court granted this motion in the language set out above and appellant thereafter timely filed this appeal.3

The matter now before this court is whether the action of the district court in granting the injunction against appellant was proper.4

Under the provision of 28 U.S.C.A. § 1651, the district court had power to issue all writs necessary or appropriate in aid of its jurisdiction.5

In Meredith v. John Deere Plow Co. of Moline, 8th Cir., 1958, 261 F.2d 121, 124, cert. denied, 359 U.S. 909, 79 S.Ct. 586, 3 L.Ed.2d 574 (1958), the court had a similar injunction before it. After setting out three suits which appellant had filed and which had been determined adversely to appellant upon appeal, the court therein stated:

"As to appellee\'s right to the injunction issued, the subjecting of another to repeated, baseless and vexatious suits at law on some particular subject matter is, without reference to other considerations, sufficient ground for the issuance of an injunction against the perpetrator. First State Bank v. Chicago R. I. & P. R. Co., 8 Cir., 63 F.2d 585; Lee v. Bickell, 292 U.S. 415, 421, 54 S.Ct. 727, 78 L.Ed. 1337. See also Martin v. Beaver, 238 Iowa 1143, 29 N.W.2d 555, 558."6

In Helene Curtis Industries v. Sales Affiliates, 247 F.2d 940 (2nd Cir., 1957), the...

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  • Franklin v. State of Or.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of Oregon
    • 25 Mayo 1983
    ...a litigant whose manifold complaints raise claims identical or similar to those that have already been adjudicated. Clinton v. United States, 297 F.2d 899, 901 (9th Cir.1961), cert. denied, 369 U.S. 856, 82 S.Ct. 944, 8 L.Ed.2d 14 (1962); Demos, 563 F.Supp. at 34-35. But this type of an ord......
  • Jordan v. Independent Energy Corp.
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    ...court may use its equitable power under this statute to issue injunctions to prevent impairment of its jurisdiction. Clinton v. United States, 297 F.2d 899 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 369 U.S. 856, 82 S.Ct. 944, 8 L.Ed.2d 14 (1961). This statute permits a district court in appropriate circums......
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    ...254 (2d Cir.1980) ( per curiam ); Harrelson v. United States, 613 F.2d 114, 115 (5th Cir.1980) ( per curiam ); and Clinton v. United States, 297 F.2d 899, 901 (9th Cir.1961), cert. denied, 369 U.S. 856, 82 S.Ct. 944, 8 L.Ed.2d 14 (1962)). The Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit guided th......
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    ...the effects of collateral estoppel and res judicata by issuing injunction against repetitive litigation); Clinton v. United States, 297 F.2d 899, 901 (9th Cir. 1961) (subjecting another to repeated, baseless and vexatious suits on some particular subject matter is sufficient ground for issu......
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