Coleman v. Alabama, 162

Decision Date16 October 1967
Docket NumberM,No. 162,162
Citation389 U.S. 22,88 S.Ct. 2,19 L.Ed.2d 22
PartiesJohnny COLEMAN v. ALABAMA. isc
CourtU.S. Supreme Court

Jack Greenberg, Michael Meltsner and Orzell Billingsley, for petitioner.

MacDonald Gallion, Atty. Gen. of Alabama, and Leslie Hall, Asst. Atty. Gen., for respondent.

PER CURIAM.

The motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis and the petition for a writ of certiorari are granted.

On our previous remand, we held that petitioner was entitled to 'his day in court on his allegations of systematic exclusion of Negroes from the grand and petit juries sitting in his case.' 377 U.S. 129, 133, 84 S.Ct. 1152, 1154, 12 L.Ed.2d 190. Petitioner was thereupon afforded an evidentiary hearing on his allegations. Although the evidence was in dispute regarding the inclusion of Negroes in the grant and petit jury venires in the county in which petitioner was indicted and tried, it appeared that no Negro served on the grand jury which indicted or the petit jury which convicted petitioner. It further appeared that up to the time of petitioner's trial, no Negro had ever served on a grand jury panel and few, if any, Negroes had served on petit jury panels. This 'testimony in itself made out a prima facie case of the denial of the equal protection which the Constitution guarantees.' Norris v. State of Alabama, 294 U.S. 587, 591, 55 S.Ct. 579, 581, 79 L.Ed. 1074. In the absence of evidence adduced by the State adequate to rebut the prima facie case, petitioner was therefore entitled to have his conviction reversed. Arnold v. State of North Carolina, 376 U.S. 773, 84 S.Ct. 1032, 12 L.Ed.2d 77; Eubanks v. State of Louisiana, 356 U.S. 584, 78 S.Ct. 970, 2 L.Ed.2d 991; Reece v. State of Georgia, 350 U.S. 85, 87—88, 76 S.Ct. 167, 169, 100 L.Ed. 77; Hernandez v. State of Texas, 347 U.S. 475, 481, 74 S.Ct. 667, 671, 98 L.Ed. 866; Hill v. State of Texas, 316 U.S. 400, 406, 62 S.Ct. 1159, 1162, 86 L.Ed. 1559; Norris v. State of Alabama, supra.

On our independent examination of the record, we are unable to discover any evidence adduced by the State adequate to rebut petitioner's prima facie case. The Alabama Supreme Court, in affirming the trial court's denial of relief, acknowledged that the evidence indicated 'a disparity' and stated only that 'that disparity can be explained by a number of other factors.' 280 Ala. 509, 512, 195 So.2d 800, 802. The only factors mentioned, however, were that Negroes had moved away from the county and that some may have been under the statutory...

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  • Colvin v. State
    • United States
    • Maryland Court of Appeals
    • March 16, 1984
    ...invidious discrimination with proof of long continued (11 years) disproportion in composition of grand jury); Coleman v. Alabama, 389 U.S. 22, 88 S.Ct. 2, 19 L.Ed.2d 22 (1967) (prima facie case established by evidence that no Negro had ever served on grand jury, and few if any Negroes had s......
  • Turner v. Fouche
    • United States
    • U.S. Supreme Court
    • January 19, 1970
    ...59—106 (Supp.1968). 20 See Jones v. Georgia, 389 U.S. 24, 25, 88 S.Ct. 4, 5, 19 L.Ed.2d 25 (per curiam); Coleman v. Alabama, 389 U.S. 22, 23, 88 S.Ct. 2, 3, 19 L.Ed.2d 22 (per curiam); Avery v. Georgia, 345 U.S. 559, 562—563, 73 S.Ct. 891, 892—893, 97 L.Ed. 1244; Patton v. Mississippi, 332 ......
  • State v. Cobbs
    • United States
    • Connecticut Supreme Court
    • March 7, 1973
    ...class was employed in the selection of the grand jury. Sims v. Georgia, 389 U.S. 404, 88 S.Ct. 523, 19 L.Ed.2d 634; Coleman v. Alabama, 389 U.S. 22, 88 S.Ct. 2, 19 L.Ed.2d 22; Whitus v. Georgia, 385 U.S. 545, 87 S.Ct. 643, 17 L.Ed.2d 599; Hernandez v. Texas, 347 U.S. 475, 480, 74 S.Ct. 667,......
  • Brooks v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • April 3, 1968
    ...three recent decisions of Sims v. Georgia, 389 U.S. 404, 88 S.Ct. 523, 19 L.Ed.2d 634 (decided December 18, 1967); Coleman v. Alabama, 389 U.S. 22, 88 S.Ct. 2, 19 L.Ed.2d 22 (decided October 16, 1967); and Jones v. Georgia, 389 U.S. 24, 88 S.Ct. 4, 19 L.Ed.2d 25 (decided October 16, 1967), ......
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