Colley v. Colley

CourtNew York Supreme Court Appellate Division
Writing for the CourtCREW; MIKOLL
Citation200 A.D.2d 839,606 N.Y.S.2d 796
PartiesGail M. COLLEY, Respondent, v. John E. COLLEY, Appellant.
Decision Date13 January 1994

Page 796

606 N.Y.S.2d 796
200 A.D.2d 839
Gail M. COLLEY, Respondent,
John E. COLLEY, Appellant.
Supreme Court, Appellate Division,
Third Department.
Jan. 13, 1994.

Dranoff & Johnson (Daniel Block, of counsel), Pearl River, for appellant.

De Lorenzo, Gordon, Pasquariello, Weiskopf & Harding P.C. (Barbara S. Lee, of counsel), Schenectady, for respondent.

Page 797

Robert A. Maslyn of Faulkner & Maslyn, Law Guardian, Schenectady, for Meghan Colley and another.


CREW, Justice.

Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court (Lynch, J.), entered December 7, 1992 in Schenectady County, which, inter alia, granted plaintiff's motion for certain pendente lite relief.

The parties were married in June 1979 and have two children, Meghan (born in September 1985) and Moira (born in August 1988). Difficulties subsequently developed and, in June 1992, plaintiff commenced this action for divorce. Plaintiff thereafter moved for certain pendente lite relief including, inter alia, temporary sole custody of the minor children, temporary maintenance and child support and, further, the imputation to defendant of an ability to earn income commensurate with that earned by him at his previous employment. Defendant cross-moved for, inter alia, pendente lite custody of the children. After considering the parties' respective submissions Supreme Court, inter alia, ordered that (1) plaintiff would have primary physical custody of the children, pending a hearing on the matter, and defendant would be granted visitation every other weekend and one weekday per week, (2) defendant would take the children to a Catholic mass on those weekends when he had visitation with them, and (3) defendant was precluded from having the children in the company of an unrelated female during such visitations. 1 Additionally, Supreme Court fixed defendant's child support obligation at $3,659.81 per month, based upon an imputed annual income to defendant of $181,000 per year and application of the statutory percentage (see, Domestic Relations Law § 240[1-b][b][3][ii]; however, Supreme Court directed defendant to pay $700 per month until further order of said court, noting that the balance would accumulate as arrears. This appeal by defendant followed.

We begin our analysis of the issues before us by restating the general rule that modification of pendente lite awards rarely should be made by an appellate court and then only under exigent circumstances, such as where a party is unable to meet his or her financial obligations or justice otherwise requires (see, Newkirk v. Newkirk, 194 A.D.2d 842, 598 N.Y.S.2d 589; Marr v. Marr, [200 A.D.2d 840] 181 A.D.2d 974, 975, 581 N.Y.S.2d 873). Indeed, this court has consistently held that the most appropriate remedy for any claimed inequity in a temporary award is a speedy trial (see, Marr v. Marr, supra; see also, Gianni v. Gianni, 172 A.D.2d 487, 488, 568 N.Y.S.2d 113). With these principles in mind, we turn now to the specific arguments raised by defendant on appeal.

Initially, we reject defendant's assertion that Supreme Court abused its discretion in ordering that defendant refrain from having the children in the presence of an unrelated female. Both the Law Guardian and the clinical psychologist who evaluated the parties and the children stressed the need for the children to spend quality time with defendant which, the record indicates, was not occurring when defendant's paramour and her children were made part of the visitation. Inasmuch as the Law Guardian opined that it was not in the children's best interest for defendant's paramour to be involved in these visitations, which is, of course, the controlling standard in determining the reasonableness of visitation privileges, we see no reason to set aside this provision in the court's order (compare, Hummel v. Hummel, 191 A.D.2d 296, 595 N.Y.S.2d 37). We are similarly...

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  • Cheney v. Cheney
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • July 21, 2011
    ...are shown, such as when “a party is unable to meet his or her financial obligations or justice otherwise requires” ( Colley v. Colley, 200 A.D.2d 839, 839, 606 N.Y.S.2d 796 [1994]; accord Coon v. Coon, 29 A.D.3d at 1109, 814 N.Y.S.2d 781). We find that such exigent circumstances have been d......
  • Ingersoll v. Ingersoll
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • July 7, 2011 be medically unable to work and we will credit this sworn statement until the issue is resolved at trial ( see Colley v. Colley, 200 A.D.2d 839, 841, 606 N.Y.S.2d 796 [1994] ). Plaintiff estimates her monthly expenses at $6,851.21. However, several of these expenses appear to be annual t......
  • Niagara County Dept. of Social Services on Behalf of D.A.H. v. C.B., 3
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • December 30, 1996
    ...233 A.D.2d 847, 662 N.Y.S.2d 946, quoting Matter of Panossian v. Panossian, 201 A.D.2d 983, 607 N.Y.S.2d 840; see, Colley v. Colley, 200 A.D.2d 839, 841, 606 N.Y.S.2d 796; Harmon v. Harmon, 173 A.D.2d 98, 111, 578 N.Y.S.2d 897). In addition to providing a record articulation for deviating o......
  • Fedash v. Neilsen
    • United States
    • New York Supreme Court Appellate Division
    • January 26, 1995
    ...with the Law Guardian's recommendations, appears well-tailored to serving Aslinn's best interest (see, e.g., Colley v. Colley, 200 A.D.2d 839, 840, 606 N.Y.S.2d 796; McGreevy v. McGreevy, 92 A.D.2d 1077, 1078, 462 N.Y.S.2d 78, lv. denied 60 N.Y.2d 553, 467 N.Y.S.2d 1028, 454 N.E.2d ORDERED ......
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