Collins v. State

Decision Date17 June 1919
Docket Number5 Div. 299
Citation17 Ala.App. 186,84 So. 417
PartiesCOLLINS v. STATE.
CourtAlabama Court of Appeals

Rehearing Denied July 21, 1919

Appeal from Circuit Court, Chambers County; S.L. Brewer, Judge.

Antny Collins was convicted of manslaughter, and he appeals. Affirmed.

Certiorari denied 84 So. 924.

The facts tend to show that Antny Collins killed Ott Barker by shooting him with a pistol, and that the shooting took place following a short altercation between the parties brought about by the approach of Barker while the crowd was making some change and demanding of Collins some money, which was refused. There was evidence tending to show self-defense. The following charges were refused to the defendant:

(1) General affirmative charge.
(2) To justify the taking of life the danger need not be real, but it is sufficient if it appears to a reasonable mind to endanger life or limb.
(3) One is justified in taking the life of another if at the time there reasonably appeared to be present impending imperious necessity to do so.
(4) If you believe from the evidence that the deceased made a threatening demonstration towards the defendant as if to draw or to use a deadly weapon, and his actions were such as to impress a reasonable man that he was in danger of losing his life or of suffering great bodily harm, and if you further believe from the evidence that the defendant fired the fatal shot under these circumstances, you can find the defendant not guilty.
(5) If you believe from the evidence that at the time the defendant fired the fatal shot the deceased was acting in a manner that would lead the mind of a reasonable man to believe that he was about to inflict great bodily harm on the defendant, and that the circumstances were such as to lead the defendant to believe that if he attempted to retreat he would thereby increase his danger, then the defendant would not be under any duty to retreat before striking or shooting in his defense.
(6) If you have a reasonable doubt from the evidence as to whether the defendant acted unlawfully or acted in self-defense when he fired the shot that killed the deceased then you should find the defendant not guilty.

Strother & Hines, of La Fayette, for appellant.

J.Q Smith, Atty. Gen., for the State.

BRICKEN J.

The defendant was indicted for murder in the second degree, was tried and convicted for the offense of manslaughter in the first degree.

On this appeal the only insistence of error is the refusal of several special charges requested in writing by the defendant.

Charge 1 was the general affirmative charge in favor of the defendant. Under the evidence in this case the defendant was not entitled to this charge. The affirmative charge should not be given where the evidence is in conflict as to any material fact in issue, or where from the evidence reasonable inferences might be drawn unfavorable to the party requesting such charge.

Charge 2 was properly refused, as it pretermits an honest belief of peril by defendant at the time he fired the fatal shot. It also omits any reference to freedom from fault in provoking or bringing on the difficulty, and also the duty devolving upon the defendant to retreat. Gaston v. State, 161 Ala. 37, 49 So. 876; Hutchinson v. State, 15 Ala.App. 96, 72 So. 572; Langston v. State, 75 So. 715. Furthermore, the propositions of law intended to be embodied in this charge were fully covered by the oral charge of the court.

Charge 3 is elliptical, and as written is without meaning. If the word "thaking" is intended for "taking," even then this charge does not state a correct proposition of law. A party is not justified in taking the life of another unless he is entirely free from fault in provoking or bringing on the difficulty, and there is no reasonable mode of escape open to him without increasing his danger. The court did not err in refusing this charge.

Charge 4 was...

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10 cases
  • Lovelady v. State
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • August 4, 1931
    ... ... hypothesize defendant's freedom from fault in bringing on ... the difficulty as well as an inability to retreat without ... increasing defendant's peril. Gaston v. State, ... 161 Ala. 37, 49 So. 876; Nearer v. State, 198 Ala ... 1, 73 So. 429; Collins v. State, 17 Ala. App. 186, ... 84 So. 417 ... Refused ... charge C is an exact copy of charge 20 held to be good and ... its refusal reversible error in Adams v. State, 175 ... Ala. 8, 57 So. 591. The charge finds further support in the ... following cases: Stinson v. State, 10 ... ...
  • Adkins v. State
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • August 19, 1924
    ... ... L and 7 were substantially covered by given charge C as well ... as by the oral charge of the court ... Charges ... 2, 3, and 4 are abstract and were properly refused ... Charge ... 5 was bad in that it failed to define the elements of ... self-defense. Collins v. State, 17 Ala. App. 186, 84 ... So. 417; Powell v. State, 5 Ala. App. 75, 59 So ... Charge ... 6 is bad in that it does not require the finding of the jury ... to be based upon the evidence. Edwards v. State, 205 ... Ala. 160, 87 So. 179 ... Charge ... 8 was ... ...
  • Jackson v. State, 7 Div. 513.
    • United States
    • Alabama Supreme Court
    • May 12, 1938
    ...The Court of Appeals (the writer being the author of the opinion as judge of that court) in Mehaffey v. State, supra, and Collins v. State, 17 Ala.App. 186, 84 So. 417, the Raisler Case, holding that it was the duty of the court on appeal to notice the defects in the indictment, though no o......
  • Dickson v. Alabama Machinery & Supply Co.
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • October 21, 1919
    ... ... The ... appellant insists that, in the absence of an averment in the ... complaint that the account is "unpaid," it fails to ... state a cause of action and will not support the judgment ... There appears to be some force in the contention, but we deem ... it unnecessary to ... ...
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