Com. v. Jacobs

CourtSuperior Court of Pennsylvania
Citation466 A.2d 671,319 Pa.Super. 531
PartiesCOMMONWEALTH of Pennsylvania v. Marion JACOBS, a/k/a Frank Davis, Appellant.
Decision Date07 October 1983

Page 671

466 A.2d 671
319 Pa.Super. 531
COMMONWEALTH of Pennsylvania
Marion JACOBS, a/k/a Frank Davis, Appellant.
Superior Court of Pennsylvania.
Submitted April 7, 1983.
Filed Oct. 7, 1983.

Page 672

[319 Pa.Super. 533] Gary Neil Asteak, Asst. Public Defender, Easton, for appellant.

James J. Narlesky, Asst. Dist. Atty., Easton, for Commonwealth, appellee.


WIEAND, Judge:

In this appeal from an order granting extradition of Marion Jacobs, a/k/a Frank Davis, to New Jersey, the appellant complains that he was not permitted to apply for a writ of habeas corpus to test the legality of his arrest. Our review of the record suggests that appellant is correct; and, therefore, we reverse and remand.

Jacobs was being held in the Northampton County prison in default of bail on criminal charges pending against him in Pennsylvania when, on October 23, 1981, New Jersey authorities lodged a detainer against him. On November 5, 1981, the District Attorney of Northampton County petitioned for an extension of sixty days within which to file the documents necessary to effect Davis' extradition to New [319 Pa.Super. 534] Jersey. See: 42 Pa.C.S. § 9138. 1 This petition was granted and bail was set at $20,000.00 2 following an in-camera conference participated in by counsel for the parties, but at which appellant was not personally present. His first appearance in court was for an extradition hearing on January 20, 1982. At that time, his counsel requested an opportunity to file an application for writ of habeas corpus. His request was denied, and the court ordered extradition. Jacobs appealed.

The Uniform Criminal Extradition Act has been adopted in Pennsylvania and codified at 42 Pa.C.S. §§ 9121 to 9148. Section 10 thereof (42 Pa.C.S. § 9131) provides as follows:

§ 9131. Rights of accused person

No person arrested upon such warrant shall be delivered over to the agent whom the executive authority demanding him shall have appointed to receive him unless he shall first be taken forthwith before a judge of a court of record in this Commonwealth who shall inform him of the demand made for his surrender and of the crime with which he is charged and that he has the right to demand and procure legal counsel, and, if the prisoner or his counsel shall state that he or they desire to test the legality of his arrest, the judge of such court of record shall fix a reasonable time to be allowed him within which to apply for a writ of habeas corpus. When such writ is applied for, notice thereof and of the time and place of hearing thereon shall be given to the prosecuting officer of the county in which the arrest is made and in which the accused is in custody and to the said agent

Page 673

of the demanding state. (emphasis added).

This section establishes the means by which a detainee may test the legality of his arrest. Commonwealth ex rel. Knowles v. Lester, 456 Pa. 423, 425-426, 321 [319 Pa.Super. 535] A.2d 637, 639 (1974); Commonwealth v. Bell, 222 Pa.Super. 190, 194, 293 A.2d 74, 76 (1972). See also: Feilke v. Governor, State of New Jersey, 414 F.Supp. 10, 11 (E.D.Pa.1976); Ex Parte Chapman, 601 S.W.2d 380, 382-383 (Tex.Cr.App.1980). The procedural safeguards guaranteed to a person whose extradition is sought are applicable without regard to whether the person is incarcerated in the asylum state on other charges. Commonwealth ex rel. Knowles v. Lester, supra. See also: People ex rel. Lehman v. Frye, 35 Ill.2d 343, 220 N.E.2d 235 (1966), cert. denied, 385 U.S. 1015, 87 S.Ct. 732, 17 L.Ed.2d 552 (1967). The lodging of a detainer against one already in custody on other charges is an "arrest." Commonwealth ex rel. Knowles v. Lester, supra at 426, 321 A.2d at 639-640; Commonwealth ex rel. Coffman v. Aytch, 238 Pa.Super. 584, 587, 361 A.2d 652, 654 (1976). See also: Commonwealth v. Quackenbush, 291 Pa.Super. 209, 213, 435 A.2d 872, 874 (1981).

In Commonwealth v. Bell, supra, this Court encountered a case factually analogous to the case sub judice. Bell had been arrested on November 2, 1971 as a fugitive on a Delaware burglary charge and was thereafter brought before a Philadelphia Municipal Court judge, who advised him of the purpose for his arrest...

To continue reading

Request your trial
7 cases
  • Com. v. Green
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Pennsylvania
    • 19 Septiembre 1990
    ...66 L.Ed.2d 641 (1981); Michigan v. Doran, supra; State v. Sinacore, 376 A.2d 580, 151 N.J.Super. 106 (1977); Commonwealth v. Jacobs, 319 Pa.Super. 531, 466 A.2d 671 (1983). See also, Parks v. Bourbeau, 477 A.2d 636, 193 Conn. 270 (1984); State of Wisconsin v. Hughes, 229 N.W.2d 655, 68 Wis.......
  • Robinson v. Beard, Civil Action No. 1:05-CV-1603
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 3th Circuit. United States District Court of Middle District of Pennsylvania
    • 30 Septiembre 2011
    ...allows a detainee in the arresting state to test the legality of his arrest and transfer to another state. See Commonwealth v. Jacobs, 319 Pa. Super. 531 (1983). Once Pennsylvania received [Robinson] under a Maryland court order of extradition, [Robinson] may not challenge the extradition p......
  • Com. v. Elliott
    • United States
    • Superior Court of Pennsylvania
    • 7 Octubre 1983
    ...for Appellant at 2. Elliott alleges the PCHA court erred when it excluded several affidavits concerning the lettering on the glove [319 Pa.Super. 531] compartments of various vehicles and the present unavailability of the Thunderbird in which the rape Page 671 took place. These affidavits w......
  • Com. v. Diggs
    • United States
    • Superior Court of Pennsylvania
    • 14 Marzo 1986
    ...433, 101 S.Ct. 703, 66 L.Ed.2d 641 (1981); Commonwealth ex rel. Huey v. Dye, 373 Pa. 508, 96 A.2d 129 (1953); Commonwealth v. Jacobs, 319 Pa.Super. 531, 466 A.2d 671 (1983). A prompt pretransfer hearing ensures that the accused will be timely advised of and afforded his rights under the Ext......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT