Crossin v. State, 71--472

Decision Date12 May 1972
Docket NumberNo. 71--472,71--472
Citation262 So.2d 250
PartiesJoann CROSSIN, Appellant, v. STATE of Florida, Appellee.
CourtFlorida District Court of Appeals

Alcee L. Hastings and Zeebedee Wright, Fort Lauderdale, for appellant.

Robert L. Shevin, Atty. Gen., Tallahassee, and Andrew I. Friedrich, Asst. Atty. Gen., West Palm Beach, for appellee.

OWEN, Judge.

Appellant was charged with delivery of a certain hallucinogenic drug to which she pled not guilty. Subsequently, as a result of plea negotiations between her attorney and the prosecutor, appellant appeared in court and withdrew her plea of not guilty, entering a plea of nolo contendere. The court accepted the plea, adjudged appellant guilty and following pre-sentence investigation sentenced her to two years in prison.

Immediately upon being sentenced, appellant filed a motion to vacate the judgment and sentence and to withdraw the plea of nolo contendere and enter a plea of not guilty. The court's denial of that motion is the only point argued on this appeal.

The record affirmatively discloses that at the time of the change of plea and again approximately one week later at the time of sentencing, appellant's counsel expressly advised the court that the plea of nolo contendere was a negotiated plea in exchange for which the prosecutor had agreed to recommend to the court that appellant be placed on probation. Although the record reflects that the trial judge made it quite clear to appellant and her counsel that the court would not be bound by such a recommendation, the transcript of the proceedings held before the court at the time of sentencing also shows that (1) the court asked the prosecutor if the state had any recommendation, (2) the prosecutor declined to make any recommendation of probation and stated that he would defer to the results of the pre-sentence investigation report, and (3) the court stated that it had been unable to find anywhere in the pre-sentence investigation report any recommendation by anyone whomsoever in regard to probation.

When the state failed to recommend to the court that the appellant be placed on probation, it violated the bargain made in exchange for appellant's plea of nolo contendere. We cannot permit the state to gain an advantage in this manner. Cf. Butler v. State, Fla.App.1969, 228 So.2d 421, 36 A.L.R.3d 1274; State v. Davis, Fla.App.1966, 188 So.2d 24. Although the court was not bound by these negotiations, the state Was bound either to make the...

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6 cases
  • State v. Myers
    • United States
    • West Virginia Supreme Court
    • November 20, 1998
    ...(5th Cir.1975); White v. Gaffney, 435 F.2d 1241 (10th Cir. 1971); People v. Bannan, 364 Mich. 471, 110 N.W.2d 673 (1961); Crossin v. State, 262 So.2d 250 (Fla.App.1972); People v. Caskey, 4 Ill.App.3d 920, 282 N.E.2d 250 (1972).14 We believe that it would be a manifest injustice and inconsi......
  • Miller v. State
    • United States
    • Maryland Court of Appeals
    • July 26, 1974
    ...325 F.2d 922 (6th Cir. 1963); Zaffarano v. United States, 306 F.2d 707 (9th Cir. 1962); People v. Barajas, supra; Crossin v. State, 262 So.2d 250 (Fla.App. 1972); People v. Caskey, 4 Ill.App.3d 920, 282 N.E.2d 250 (1972); Wood v. Commonwealth, supra; People v. Bannan, 364 Mich. 471, 110 N.W......
  • Brooks v. Narick
    • United States
    • West Virginia Supreme Court
    • April 4, 1978
    ...Cir. 1975), White v. Gaffney, 435 F.2d 1241 (10th Cir. 1971); People v. Bannan, 364 Mich. 471, 110 N.W.2d 673 (1961); Crossin v. State, 262 So.2d 250 (Fla.App.1972); People v. Caskey, 4 Ill.App.3d 920, 282 N.E.2d 250 (1972); State ex rel. Clancey v. Coiner, 154 W.Va. 857, 179 S.E.2d 726 (19......
  • Sturgis v. State, 795
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • April 8, 1975
    ...v. United States, 306 F.2d 707 (9th Cir. 1962); People v. Barajas, (26 Cal.App.3d 932, 103 Cal.Rptr. 405 (1972)); Crossin v. State, 262 So.2d 250 (Fla.App. 1972); People v. Caskey, 4 Ill.App.3d 920, 282 N.E.2d 250 (1972); Wood v. Commonwealth, (469 S.W.2d 765 (Ky. 1971)); People v. Bannan, ......
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