Czeplicki v. Fafnir Bearing Co.

Citation78 A.2d 339,137 Conn. 454
CourtSupreme Court of Connecticut
Decision Date23 January 1951
PartiesCZEPLICKI v. FAFNIR BEARING CO. et al. Supreme Court of Errors of Connecticut

Edward S. Pomeranz, Hartford, William P. Aspell, Hartford, for appellants.

William S. Zeman, Hartford, Harry Cooper, Hartford, for appellee.



The defendants have appealed from a judgment of the Superior Court dismissing their appeal from a supplemental finding and award of the compensation commissioner granting compensation to the plaintiff for temporary total incapacity.

The basic question is whether the commissioner should have found that the plaintiff had a 10 per cent permanent partial incapacity rather than that he was temporarily totally incapacitated. The extensive corrections of the finding sought by the defendants bear upon this question, and it is squarely raised by their claims of law. The facts established by the finding, which is not subject to correction, are as follows: The plaintiff sustained an injury to his back on March 2, 1948, which arose out of and in the course of his employment. He was treated by Drs. Clark and Goldschmidt, who were provided by the defendant employer. He tried to stay on his job, but his symptoms persisted and he left his employment after consulting with Drs. Mylnarski and Nevulis on his own account. On September 27, 1948, he was awarded compensation for temporary total incapacity and authorized to engage the services of Dr. Nevulis. He returned to work on February 7, 1949, and was given a different and lighter job, but he continued to complain of difficulty with his back and quit work. On April 11, 1949, the commissioner ordered compensation continued on the basis of temporary total incapacity because of the possibility that the plaintiff might be suffering from a ruptured intervertebral disc and require bed rest and further treatment. He was treated by Dr. Curtis, who concluded that he had no disc damage. On September 16, 1949, Dr. Curtis recommended to the plaintiff that he resume light work. The defendant employer was unable to offer him that type of employment because no such job was available. The plaintiff sought light work at several other places but was refused after the employers to whom he applied were made aware of his injury. On October 20, 1949, the commissioner found that the plaintiff had 'made a diligent effort to work but cannot find a job particularly in view of his history of injury, and therefore he is for practical purposes still totally disabled,' and ordered the continuance of compensation for temporary total incapacity.

Section 7430 of the General Statutes provides compensation for injuries which result 'in total incapacity to work'. These words mean the inability of the employee, because of his injuries, to work at his customary calling or at any other occupation which he might reasonably follow. Osterlund v. State, 135 Conn. 498, 505, 66 A.2d 363; Clark v. Henry & Wright Mfg. Co., 136 Conn. 514, 516, 72 A.2d 489. One purpose of the statute is to give compensation for loss of earning power. Olivieri v. Bridgeport, 126 Conn. 265, 277, 10 A.2d 770, 127 A.L.R. 471. If, because of the employee's injury his labor becomes unmarketable, in spite of his diligent efforts to find work, his earning power is gone and he is totally incapacitated. Reilley v. Carroll, 110 Conn. 282, 285, 147 A. 818; 58 Am.Jur. 778, § 282. The defendants claim that the commissioner should have found that the...

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26 cases
  • Rayhall v. Akim Co., Inc., 16685.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Connecticut
    • 29 Abril 2003
    ...injuries, to work at his customary calling or at any other occupation which he might reasonably follow. Czeplicki v. Fafnir Bearing Co., 137 Conn. 454, 456, 78 A.2d 339 (1951); Revoir v. New Britain, 2 Conn.App. 255, 259, 477 A.2d 161 (1984)." (Emphasis added; internal quotation marks omitt......
  • Second Injury Fund of the State Treasurer v. Lupachino, AC
    • United States
    • Appellate Court of Connecticut
    • 3 Junio 1997
    ...allegedly illegally received, which actions, he claims, would be clearly contrary to such cases as Czeplicki v. Fafnir Bearing Co., 137 Conn. 454, 78 A.2d 339 (1951), and Hyatt v. Milford, 26 Conn.App. 194, 600 A.2d 5 (1991), appeal dismissed, 224 Conn. 441, 619 A.2d 450 (1993). While we ag......
  • Castro v. Viera, 13231
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Connecticut
    • 10 Mayo 1988
    ...of the commissioner, as the trier of fact, to determine the facts. Adzima v. UAC/Norden Division, supra; Czeplicki v. Fafnir Bearing Co., 137 Conn. 454, 457, 78 A.2d 339 (1951). "The conclusions drawn by him from the facts found must stand unless they result from an incorrect application of......
  • Enquist v. General Datacom
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Connecticut
    • 19 Marzo 1991
    ...Conn. 39] p. 10-12, § 57.14(a), p. 10-46; see also Ancona v. Norwalk, 217 Conn. 50, 55, 584 A.2d 454 (1991); Czeplicki v. Fafnir Bearing Co., 137 Conn. 454, 456, 78 A.2d 339 (1951); Bassett v. Stratford Lumber Co., 105 Conn. 297, 303, 135 A. 574 (1926). Unlike a tort recovery, such an award......
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