Daly v. Horsefly Irr. Dist.

CourtSupreme Court of Oregon
Citation143 Or. 441,21 P.2d 787
PartiesDALY et al. v. HORSEFLY IRR. DIST.
Decision Date09 May 1933

Department 1.

Appeal from Circuit Court, Klamath County; T. E. J. Duffy, Judge.

Suit by Michael Daly and another against the Horsefly Irrigation District to quiet title, in which defendant claimed title by virtue of sale for delinquent taxes. From an order and decree denying plaintiffs' relief and dismissing their complaint, plaintiffs appeal.


A. L. Leavitt, of Klamath Falls (Clarence A. Humble of Klamath Falls, on the brief), for appellants.

John Irwin, of Klamath Falls (O'Neill & Irwin, of Klamath Falls, on the brief), for respondent.

KELLY Justice.

The real property involved in this suit is located within the territorial limits of defendant, the Horsefly irrigation district, in Klamath county. The taxes assessed against said property for the years 1928 and 1929 were not paid. After the expiration of six months from the date of delinquency, a certificate of delinquency against such property for the amount of the tax levied thereon by such irrigation district was issued by the sheriff in favor of said irrigation district. This certificate of delinquency was foreclosed by suit in the circuit court of that county defendants therein, who are the plaintiffs herein, each being personally served and failing to appear in said suit, but making default therein. At the foreclosure sale of said property, defendant became the purchaser.

There are three chapters of the General Laws for 1929 which we must consider in determining the question here involved. One of them is chapter 240 (page 248), another is chapter 404 (page 560), and the third is chapter 150 (page 124). Chapter 240 comprises section 69-802, 69-803, 69-804, and 69-805, Oregon Code 1930; chapter 404 constitutes sections 48-808 and 48-809, Id.; and chapter 150 is section 69-816 Id. For greater clarity, reference herein will be made to said chapters by their numbers, and not to said sections.

The question to be determined is whether or not this foreclosure proceeding is valid.

Plaintiffs argue that it is invalid. That argument is based upon the claim that the statute authorizing the sheriff to issue such a certificate of delinquency as the one in suit, being said chapter 240, is incongruous and irreconcilable with said chapters 404 and 150; that said chapters 404 and 150 control; and, hence, chapter 240 is without effect.

Chapter 240 was approved by the Governor on February 28, 1929. It had no emergency clause. It went into effect on June 4, 1929.

Chapter 404 was approved by the Governor March 8, 1929. It carried an emergency clause, and hence went into effect upon its approval. Chapter 150 was approved by the Governor on February 21, 1929. It had no emergency clause, and therefore became effective on June 4, 1929. Section 28, article 4, of the Oregon Constitution provides: "No act shall take effect until ninety days from the end of the session at which the same shall have been passed, except in case of emergency; which emergency shall be declared in the preamble or in the body of the law."

The 1929 session of the Legislature adjourned on March 4, 1929.

It will be seen that the rule under which chapter 404 will control, if in conflict with chapter 240, is that, where two acts are passed at the same session of the legislative assembly, the later one to be approved is deemed to be the later declaration of the legislative will, although, by reason of its emergency clause it took effect earlier than the other. Dewey v. City of Des Moines, 101 Iowa, 416, 70 N.W. 605; Belding Land & Improvement Co. v. City of Belding, 128 Mich. 79, 87 N.W. 113; Board of Education v. Tafoya, 6 N. M. 292, 27 P. 616; City of Sturgis v. Christenson Bros. Co., 235 Ky. 346, 31 S.W.2d 386; Heilig v. City Council of Puyallup, 7 Wash. 29, 34 P. 164, 165.

In the case last cited, the Supreme Court of Washington, speaking through Mr. Justice Stiles, say: "*** Where two conflicting acts upon the same subject-matter are passed at the same session of the legislature, and their conflict is such that they cannot be harmonized and stand together, and one of them contains an emergency clause, and the other does not, that one containing the emergency clause must be taken to overcome the other. The simple fact of there being an emergency clause would tend to show that the subject-matter of the act was more clearly and pointedly before the legislature than the subject-matter of the other act. In this case the second act has the additional argument in its favor that it was actually passed by both houses of the legislature after the first one."

"'Statutes which are not inconsistent with one another, and which relate to the same subject-matter, are in pari materia, and should be construed together; and effect should be given to them all, although they contain no reference to one another, and were passed at different times.'

"Acts in pari materia should be construed together and so as to harmonize and give effect to their various provisions. This is especially the case when the acts are passed at the same session. It is to be presumed that different acts passed at the same session of the legislature are imbued by the same spirit and actuated by the same policy and they should be construed each in the light of the other. Statutes constituting a system should be so construed as to make that system consistent in all its parts and uniform in its operation. As said by the supreme court of Massachusetts:

"'Where statutes are part of a general system relating to the same class of subjects, and rest upon the same reason, they should be so construed, if possible, as to be uniform in their application and in the results which they accomplish."' II Lewis Sutherland on Statutory Construction (2d Ed.) § 443, p. 844 et seq.

Plaintiffs urge that the only method provided for the collection of the state and county delinquent taxes is that which is authorized by said chapter 150, and that it will be nullified if chapter 240 is deemed to be valid.

The first sentence of chapter 150 provides that: "After the expiration of three years from the date of delinquency, when any property remains on the tax rolls for which no certificate of delinquency has been issued, the sheriff shall proceed to issue certificates of delinquency on said property to the county, and shall file said certificates, when completed, with the county clerk." This provision was enacted as part of the general system of taxation in 1907 (chapter 267, Session Laws 1907, p. 469, § 42); and in each succeeding amendatory act it has remained unchanged.

Plaintiffs insist that under the rule, "Expressio unius est exclusio alterius," if a certificate of delinquency has been issued, as in this case, to an...

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12 cases
  • United States Nat. Bank of Portland v. United States, Civ. No. 489-59.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 9th Circuit. United States District Court (Oregon)
    • 30 Septiembre 1960
    ...legislative session must be construed together. Winslow v. Fleischner, 112 Or. 23, 228 P. 101, 34 A.L.R. 826; Daly v. Horsefly Irrigation District, 143 Or. 441, 21 P.2d 787. ORS 116.010 directs the judge of a probate court to set aside for the widow all property of the estate exempt from ex......
  • Klamath Irrigation Dist. v. Employment Division
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Oregon
    • 24 Junio 1975
    ...were both enacted at the same legislative session. State v. Pearson, 250 Or. 54, 58, 440 P.2d 229 (1968); Daly v. Horsefly Irrigation District, 143 Or. 441, 446, 21 P.2d 787 (1933). (2). The central question, then, is whether the words 'used exclusively for supplying and storing water for f......
  • Sunshine Dairy v. Peterson et al.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Oregon
    • 11 Mayo 1948
    ...of this contention the following cases are cited: State of Oregon v. Standard Oil Co., 61 Or. 438, 123 P. 40; Daly v. Horsefly Irrigation District, 143 Or. 441, 21 P. (2d) 787; Cabell v. Cottage Grove, 170 Or. 256, 130 P. (2d) 1013, 144 A.L.R. 286; Springer v. Philippine Islands, 277 U.S. 1......
  • State ex rel. Oregon Consumer League v. Zielinski, 123,552
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Oregon
    • 15 Diciembre 1982
    ...rev. den. 282 Or. 537 (1978). The maxim is applied only as an aid in arriving at the legislature's intent. Daly v. Horsefly Irrigation District, 143 Or. 441, 21 P.2d 787 (1933). Strictly speaking, however, the maxim would not appear to apply here because ORS 561.130(2) expressly provides th......
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