Deboer v. Snyder, Nos. 14–1341

CourtUnited States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (6th Circuit)
Writing for the CourtSUTTON
Citation772 F.3d 388
PartiesApril DeBOER, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees, v. Richard SNYDER, Governor, State of Michigan, in his official capacity, et al., Defendants–Appellants. James Obergefell, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees, v. Richard Hodges, Director of the Ohio Department of Health, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant. Brittani Henry, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees, v. Richard Hodges, Director of the Ohio Department of Health, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant. Gregory Bourke, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees, v. Steve Beshear, Governor, Commonwealth of Kentucky, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant. Valeria Tanco, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees, v. William Edward “Bill” Haslam, Governor, State of Tennessee, in his official capacity, et al., Defendants–Appellants. Timothy Love, et al., Plaintiffs/Intervenors–Appellees, v. Steve Beshear, Governor, Commonwealth of Kentucky, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant.
Decision Date06 November 2014
Docket NumberNos. 14–1341,14–3057,14–5291,14–5297,14–3464,14–5818.

772 F.3d 388

April DeBOER, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees,
v.
Richard SNYDER, Governor, State of Michigan, in his official capacity, et al., Defendants–Appellants.

James Obergefell, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees,
v.
Richard Hodges, Director of the Ohio Department of Health, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant.

Brittani Henry, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees,
v.
Richard Hodges, Director of the Ohio Department of Health, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant.

Gregory Bourke, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees,
v.
Steve Beshear, Governor, Commonwealth of Kentucky, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant.

Valeria Tanco, et al., Plaintiffs–Appellees,
v.
William Edward “Bill” Haslam, Governor, State of Tennessee, in his official capacity, et al., Defendants–Appellants.

Timothy Love, et al., Plaintiffs/Intervenors–Appellees,
v.
Steve Beshear, Governor, Commonwealth of Kentucky, in his official capacity, Defendant–Appellant.

Nos. 14–1341, 14–3057, 14–3464, 14–5291, 14–5297, 14–5818.

United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit.

Argued: Aug. 6, 2014
Decided and Filed: Nov. 6, 2014


Reversed.

Martha Craig Daughtrey, Circuit Judge, filed dissenting opinion.

Negative Treatment Reconsidered

Mich. Const. Art. 1, § 25; Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 551.1.
Ohio Const. Art. 15, § 11; Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3101.01.
Ky. Const. § 233A; Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. §§ 402.005, 402.020(1)(d), 402.040(2), 402.045.

[772 F.3d 391]

ARGUED: Aaron D. Lindstrom, Office of the Michigan Attorney General, Lansing, Michigan, for Appellant in 14–1341. Carole M. Stanyar, Ann Arbor, Michigan, for Appellees in 14–1341. Eric E. Murphy, Office of the Ohio Attorney General, Columbus, Ohio, for Appellant in 14–3057 and 14–3464. Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, Gerhardstein & Branch Co. LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, for Appellees in 14–3057 and 14–3464. Leigh Gross Latherow, VanAntwerp, Monge, Jones, Edwards & McCann, LLP, Ashland, Kentucky, for Appellant in 14–5291 and 14–5818. Laura E. Landenwich, Clay Daniel Walton & Adams, PLC, Louisville, Kentucky, for Appellees in 14–5291 and 14–5818. Joseph F. Whalen, Office of the Tennessee Attorney General, Nashville, Tennessee, for Appellants in 14–5297. William L. Harbison, Sherrard & Roe, PLC, Nashville, Tennessee, for Appellees in 14–5297. ON BRIEF:

14–1341: Aaron D. Lindstrom, Kristin M. Heyse, Office of the Michigan Attorney General, Lansing, Michigan, for Appellant. Carole M. Stanyar, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Dana M. Nessel, Detroit, Michigan, Robert A. Sedler, Wayne State University Law School, Detroit, Michigan, Kenneth M. Mogill, Mogill, Posner & Cohen, Lake Orion, Michigan, for Appellees. Kyle J. Bristow, Bristow Law, PLLC, Clarkston, Michigan, Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, Gerhardstein & Branch Co. LPA, Cincinnati,

[772 F.3d 392]

Ohio, David A. Robinson, North Haven, Connecticut, Deborah J. Dewart, Swansboro, North Carolina, Paul Benjamin Linton, Northbrook, Illinois, James R. Wierenga, David & Wierenga, P.C., Grand Rapids, Michigan, Eric Rassbach, The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, Washington, D.C., James J. Walsh, Thomas J. Rheaume, Jr., Bodman PLC, Detroit, Michigan, William J. Olson, William J. Olson, P.C., Vienna, Virginia, Lawrence J. Joseph, Washington, D.C., Thomas M. Fisher, Office of the Attorney General of Indiana, Indianapolis, Indiana, Mary E. McAlister, Liberty Counsel, Lynchburg, Virginia, Mathew D. Staver, Anita L. Staver, Liberty Counsel, Orlando, Florida, Anthony R. Picarello, Jr., Jeffrey Hunter Moon, Michael F. Moses, U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops, Washington, D.C., Alexander Dushku, R. Shawn Gunnarson, Kirton McConkie, Salt Lake City, Utah, Erin Elizabeth Mersino, Thomas More Law Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, David Boyle, Long Beach, California, Benjamin G. Shatz, Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP, Los Angeles, California, Elizabeth B. Wydra, Constitutional Accountability Center, Washington, D.C., Paul M. Smith, Jenner & Block LLP, Washington, D.C., Catherine E. Stetson, Hogan Lovells U.S. LLP, Washington, D.C., Jason Walta, National Education Association, Washington, D.C., Diana Raimi, Jaffe Raitt Heuer & Weiss, P.C., Ann Arbor, Michigan, Rocky C. Tsai, Ropes & Gray LLP, San Francisco, California, Alan M. Gershel, Thomas M. Cooley Law School, Auburn Hills, Michigan, Jerome C. Roth, Nicole S. Phillis, Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP, San Francisco, California, Andrew J. Davis, Folger Levin LLP, San Francisco, California, Nicholas M. O'Donnell, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Sean R. Gallagher, Polsinelli PC, Denver, Colorado, Mark C. Fleming, Felicia H. Ellsworth, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Paul R.Q. Wolfson, Dina B. Mishra, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Washington, D.C., Alan Schoenfeld, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, New York, New York, Diane M. Soubly, Stevenson Keppelman Associates, Ann Arbor, Michigan, Ria Tabacco Mar, NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc., New York, New York, Christy L. Anderson, Bryan Cave LLP, Denver, Colorado, Carmine D. Boccuzzi, Jr., Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, New York, New York, Jonathan B. Miller, Office of the Massachusetts Attorney General, Boston, Massachusetts, Jyotin Hamid, Joseph Rome, Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, New York, New York, Jeffrey S. Trachtman, Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP, New York, New York, Christopher D. Man, Chadbourne & Parke LLP, Washington, D.C., Chase B. Strangio, American Civil Liberties Union Foundation, New York, New York, Suzanne B. Goldberg, Columbia Law School, New York, New York, Marcia D. Greenberger, Emily J. Martin, National Women's Law Center, Washington, D.C., G. David Carter, Joseph P. Bowser, Hunter Carter, Arent Fox LLP, Washington, D.C., Sara Bartel, Morrison & Foerster LLP, San Francisco, California, Daniel McNeel Lane, Jr., Matthew E. Pepping, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, San Antonio, Texas, Jessica M. Weisel, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, Los Angeles, California, Michael L. Whitlock, Bingham McCutchen LLP, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae. 14–3057: Bridget E. Coontz, Zachery P. Keller, Office of the Ohio Attorney General, Columbus, Ohio, for Appellant. Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, Jennifer L. Branch, Jacklyn Gonzales Martin, Gerhardstein & Branch Co. LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Lisa T. Meeks, Newman & Meeks Co., LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Chase B. Strangio, James D. Esseks, American Civil Liberties Union Foundation, New York, New York, Drew Dennis, ACLU of Ohio, Inc., Cleveland, Ohio, for

[772 F.3d 393]

Appellees. Byron J. Babione, Alliance Defending Freedom, Scottsdale, Arizona, Lawrence J. Joseph, Washington, D.C., Benjamin G. Shatz, Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP, Los Angeles, California, Carmine D. Boccuzzi, Jr., Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, New York, New York, Gregory R. Nevins, Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia, Susan L. Sommer, Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., New York, New York, Camilla B. Taylor, Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., Chicago, Illinois, Mark C. Fleming, Felicia H. Ellsworth, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Paul R.Q. Wolfson, Dina B. Mishra, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Washington, D.C., Alan Schoenfeld, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, New York, New York, Paul M. Smith, Jenner & Block LLP, Washington, D.C., Roberta A. Kaplan, Jaren Janghorbani, Joshua D. Kaye, Jacob H. Hupart, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP, New York, New York, Thomas D. Warren, Baker & Hostetler LLP, Cleveland, Ohio, Jeffrey S. Trachtman, Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel Llp, New York, New York, Marcia D. Greenberger, Emily J. Martin, National Women's Law Center, Washington, D.C., Shannon P. Minter, Christopher F. Stoll, National Center for Lesbian Rights, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae. 14–3464: Eric E. Murphy, Bridget E. Coontz, Office of the Ohio Attorney General, Columbus, Ohio, for Appellant. Alphonse A. Gerhardstein, Jennifer L. Branch, Jacklyn Gonzales Martin, Gerhardstein & Branch Co. LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Lisa T. Meeks, Newman & Meeks Co., LPA, Cincinnati, Ohio, Susan L. Sommer, M. Currey Cook, Keith Hammeran, Lambda Legal Defense & Education Fund, Inc., New York, New York, Paul D. Castillo, Lambda Legal Defense & Education Fund, Inc., Dallas, Texas, for Appellees. Catherine E. Stetson, Hogan Lovells U.S. LLP, Washington, D.C., Andrew J. Davis, Folger Levin LLP, San Francisco, California, Sean R. Gallagher, Polsinelli PC., Denver, Colorado, Nicholas M. O'Donnell, Sullivan & Worcester LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Carmine D. Boccuzzi, Jr., Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP, New York, New York, Ria Tabacco Mar, NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc., New York, New York, Jyotin Hamid, Joseph Rome, Debevoise & Plimpton LLP, New York, New York, Suzanne B. Goldberg, Columbia Law School, New York, New York, Daniel McNeel Lane, Jr., Matthew E. Pepping, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, San Antonio, Texas, Jessica M. Weisel, Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, Los Angeles, California, Paul D. Ritter, Jr., Christopher J. Weber, Robert G. Schuler, Kegler, Brown, Hill & Ritter Co., L.P.A., Columbus, Ohio, Lawrence J. Joseph, Washington, D.C., Harlan D. Karp, Tina R. Haddad, Cleveland, Ohio, Benjamin G. Shatz, Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP, Los Angeles, California, Christopher D. Man, Chadbourne & Parke LLP, Washington, D.C., Mark C. Fleming, Felicia H. Ellsworth, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Boston, Massachusetts, Paul R.Q. Wolfson, Dina B. Mishra, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Washington, D.C., Alan Schoenfeld, Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, New York, New York, Rocky C. Tsai, Ropes & Gray LLP, San Francisco, California, Joseph R. Guerra, Sidley Austin LLP, Washington, D.C., Emma L. Dill, Bryan Cave LLP, San Francisco, California, Jeffrey S. Trachtman, Kramer Levin Naftalis & Frankel LLP, New York, New York, Marcia D. Greenberger, Emily J. Martin,...

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2 practice notes
  • Smith v. Pavan, No. CV-15-988
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arkansas
    • December 8, 2016
    ...Indeed, one of the cases on review in Obergefell, Tanco v. Haslam, 7 F. Supp. 3d 759 (M.D. Tenn. 2014), rev'd sub nom. DeBoer v. Snyder, 772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir. 2014), involved a same-sex married couple who challenged the Tennessee law providing that their child's nonbiological parent would ......
  • Marie v. Mosier, Case No. 14-cv-02518-DDC-TJJ
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of Kansas
    • July 22, 2016
    ...of Nov. 4, 2014).2 Kitchen v. Herbert, 755 F.3d 1193 (10th Cir.2014) ; Bishop v. Smith, 760 F.3d 1070 (10th Cir.2014).3 DeBoer v. Snyder, 772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir.2014).4 ––– U.S. ––––, 135 S.Ct. 2584, 2608, 192 L.Ed.2d 609 (2015).5 I.e., Kan. Const. art. 15, § 16 of the Kansas Constitution, K......
2 cases
  • Smith v. Pavan, No. CV-15-988
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Arkansas
    • December 8, 2016
    ...Indeed, one of the cases on review in Obergefell, Tanco v. Haslam, 7 F. Supp. 3d 759 (M.D. Tenn. 2014), rev'd sub nom. DeBoer v. Snyder, 772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir. 2014), involved a same-sex married couple who challenged the Tennessee law providing that their child's nonbiological parent would ......
  • Marie v. Mosier, Case No. 14-cv-02518-DDC-TJJ
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. United States District Courts. 10th Circuit. District of Kansas
    • July 22, 2016
    ...of Nov. 4, 2014).2 Kitchen v. Herbert, 755 F.3d 1193 (10th Cir.2014) ; Bishop v. Smith, 760 F.3d 1070 (10th Cir.2014).3 DeBoer v. Snyder, 772 F.3d 388 (6th Cir.2014).4 ––– U.S. ––––, 135 S.Ct. 2584, 2608, 192 L.Ed.2d 609 (2015).5 I.e., Kan. Const. art. 15, § 16 of the Kansas Constitution, K......

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