Doughty v. State, 1282S506

Docket NºNo. 1282S506
Citation470 N.E.2d 69
Case DateNovember 08, 1984
CourtSupreme Court of Indiana

Page 69

470 N.E.2d 69
Robert E. DOUGHTY, Appellant,
STATE of Indiana, Appellee.
No. 1282S506.
Supreme Court of Indiana.
Nov. 8, 1984.

Susan K. Carpenter, Public Defender of Ind., Joseph Oddo, Deputy Public Defender, Indianapolis, for appellant.

Page 70

Linley E. Pearson, Atty. Gen. of Ind., Amy Schaeffer Good, Deputy Atty. Gen., Indianapolis, for appellee.

DeBRULER, Justice.

This is a direct appeal from a conviction of robbery, class A, Ind.Code Sec. 35-42-5-1. The case was tried before the court. Appellant was sentenced to a prison term of thirty-years.

Appellant raises one issue on appeal: whether the record demonstrates that the trial court failed to elicit a personal waiver, either in writing or in open court, of a jury trial by appellant.

These are the facts pertinent to the appeal. The record contains no written or oral statement by the appellant waiving his right to a jury trial. However, there is a docket entry dated December 21, 1981, which provides:

State of Indiana, by Arnold H. Duemling, Prosecuting Attorney, and the defendant Robert Doughty, in person and by counsel Norbert Wyss, and the said defendant now waives arraignment and pleads Not Guilty to offense of Robbery--Class A felony, as charged in the informartion (sic), and waives right to trial by Jury.

By agreement of said parties, this cause is now by the court set for Trial on February 4, 1982, at 9:00 o'clock A.M.

At trial, appellant did not object to being tried by the court.


The right to trial by jury is fundamental to the American scheme of justice. Duncan v. Louisiana, (1968), 391 U.S. 145, 149, 88 S.Ct. 1444, 1447, 20 L.Ed.2d 491. A waiver of this right must be made in a knowing, intelligent, and voluntary manner, with sufficient awareness of the surrounding circumstances and the consequences. Perry v. State, (1980), Ind.App., 401 N.E.2d 705, 707. The record must reflect that such a waiver was made, so that the question of an effective waiver can be reviewed even though no objection was made at trial. See Cunningham v. State (1982), Ind.App., 433 N.E.2d 405; Cf. Ford v. State (1967), 248 Ind. 438, 229 N.E.2d 634.

The case at bar is subject to Ind.Code Sec. 35-1-34-1 (Repealed 9-1-82), which states:

"The defendant and prosecuting attorney, with the assent of the court, may submit the trial to the court. All other trials must be by jury."

This court held that the statute's reference to the defendant's assent must mean an assent by defendant personally,...

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30 cases
  • Taylor v. Illinois, 86-5963
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • 25 Enero 1988
    ...he could confront and cross-examine adversary witness could not be waived by his counsel without defendant's consent); Doughty v. State, 470 N.E.2d 69, 70 (Ind.1984) (record must show "personal communication of the defendant to the court that he chooses to relinquish the right [to a jury tr......
  • State v. Gore, 17769.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Connecticut
    • 23 Septiembre 2008
    ...court that he chooses to relinquish the right [to a jury trial]" [emphasis added; internal quotation marks omitted]); Doughty v. State, 470 N.E.2d 69, 70 (Ind. 1984), cited approvingly by Taylor v. Illinois, supra, at 418 n. 24, 108 S.Ct. 646; ABA Standards for Criminal Justice, supra, stan......
  • Horton v. State, 79S02–1510–CR–628.
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • 21 Abril 2016
    ...State, 495 N.E.2d 534, 535 (Ind.1986) ; Perkins, 541 N.E.2d at 928 ; Brown v. State, 495 N.E.2d 178, 179 (Ind.1986) ; Doughty v. State, 470 N.E.2d 69, 70 (Ind.1984) ; Clay v. State, 457 N.E.2d 177, 178 (Ind.1983) ; Rodgers v. State, 275 Ind. 102, 415 N.E.2d 57, 59 (1981) ; Nunez v. State, 4......
  • State v. Umphenour, Docket No. 41497
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Idaho
    • 30 Marzo 2015 obtain defendant's personal waiver of right to jury trial by "written instrument" is per se reversible error); Doughty v. State, 470 N.E.2d 69, 70 (Ind. 1984) (failure to obtain defendant's personal waiver of right to jury trial is per se reversible error). But see United States v. Willi......
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