Dowdy v. State

Decision Date19 June 1928
Citation117 So. 489,22 Ala.App. 514
PartiesDOWDY v. STATE.
CourtAlabama Court of Appeals

Appeal from Law and Equity Court, Franklin County; B.H. Sargent Judge.

G.S Dowdy was convicted of embezzlement, and he appeals. Reversed and remanded.

Bradshaw & Barnett, of Florence, and H.H. Hamilton, of Russellville for appellant.

Charlie C. McCall, Atty. Gen., for the State.

RICE J.

Appellant was convicted of the offense of embezzlement, fined one cent and sentenced to serve two days' imprisonment in the county jail of Franklin county.

It appears that appellant was put to trial on a charge, stated in the form of an affidavit made before the clerk of the court--this in pursuance of the terms of a local law permitting such procedure (Local Acts Ala.1923, p. 272)--said affidavit charging that he, "being at the time an employee of the Carter Grocery Company, a corporation organized under the laws of Alabama, embezzled or fraudulently converted to his own use money to about the amount of $14.31, the property of said corporation which had come into his possession by virtue of this employment," etc. The section of the Code (Code 1923, § 3960) denouncing the offense sought to be charged in this affidavit provides, pertinently, that--

"Any officer, agent, or clerk of any incorporated company *** who embezzles or fraudulently converts to his own use *** any money or property which has come into his possession by virtue of his office or employment, must be punished," etc.

This court has held, in consonance with prior holdings of the Supreme Court that "a mere servant or employee of an incorporated company who converts money or property coming into his possession by virtue of his employment would not be guilty of embezzlement" under the Code section above referred to. Also that the fact "that the defendant is an officer, agent, or clerk of an incorporated company is one of the essential elements of the offense sought to be charged," and the omission of this essential element of the offense in the charge will be taken notice of by this court, even in the absence of a demurrer to the indictment (or, as in this case, to the complaint by affidavit). The defect being of substance and involving an element of the offense, the indictment (affidavit) will not support a judgment. Collins v. State, 16 Ala.App. 176, 76 So 413; Mehaffey v. State (Ala.App.) 75 So. 647; Raisler v. State, 55 Ala. 64; State v. Nix, 165 Ala....

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5 cases
  • Hill v. State
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • June 13, 1972
    ...was held fatally defective although no demurrer or other objection was interposed at trial level by the appellant. In Dowdy v. State, 22 Ala.App. 514, 117 So. 489, we find the 'This court has held, in consonance with prior holdings of the Supreme Court that 'a mere servant or employee of an......
  • Likos v. State, 7 Div. 322.
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • March 8, 1938
    ...taken to the indictment in the trial court. Raisler v. State, 55 Ala. 64; Mehaffey v. State, 16 Ala.App. 99, 75 So. 647; Dowdy v. State, 22 Ala.App. 514, 117 So. 489; Slater v. State, 230 Ala. 320, 162 So. 130; Ethridge v. State, 26 Ala.App. 600, 164 397. Application for rehearing overruled......
  • Jackson v. State, 7 Div. 513.
    • United States
    • Alabama Supreme Court
    • May 12, 1938
    ...the holding in Mehaffey's Case. Notwithstanding the overruling of the Raisler Case, the Court of Appeals in the subsequent case of Dowdy v. State, supra, again with approval the Raisler and Mehaffey Cases. That is not to say that the Dowdy Case was not correctly decided, but merely to note ......
  • Davidson v. State, 6 Div. 322
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
    • October 4, 1977
    ...647; Brown v. State, 32 Ala.App. 246, 24 So.2d 450; Raisler v. State, 55 Ala. 64; Emmonds v. State, 87 Ala. 12, 6 So. 54; Dowdy v. State, 22 Ala.App. 514, 117 So. 489; Likos v. State, 28 Ala.App. 231, 182 So. In all fairness to the Circuit Judge who tried this case, and we say without fear ......
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