Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trustees v. United States 18 19, 1923, No. 91

CourtUnited States Supreme Court
Writing for the CourtBRANDEIS
Decision Date12 November 1923
PartiesEDWARD HINES YELLOW PINE TRUSTEES et al. v. UNITED STATES et al. Argued Oct. 18-19, 1923
Docket NumberNo. 91

263 U.S. 143
44 S.Ct. 72
68 L.Ed. 216
EDWARD HINES YELLOW PINE TRUSTEES et al.

v.

UNITED STATES et al.

No. 91.
Argued Oct. 18-19, 1923.
Decided Nov. 12, 1923.

Page 144

Mr. Wm. S. Bennet, of New York City, for appellants.

Mr. Blackburn Esterline, of Washington, D. C., for the United States.

Mr. P. J. Farrell, of Washington, D. C., for appellee Interstate Commerce Commission.

Mr. Joseph E. Davies, of Washington, D. C., for appellee American Wholesale Lumber Ass'n.

Mr. Justice BRANDEIS delivered the opinion of the Court.

This suit was brought against the United States by an Illinois lumber concern in a federal court for Illinois to set aside as void an order entered by the Interstate Commerce Commission against carriers on February 11, 1922. The Commission and the American Wholesale Lumber Association—the petitioner in the proceedings before it—intervened in this suit as defendants. No carrier intervened. The plaintiffs had not been parties to the proceedings before the Commission, nor were they named in the order assailed. The United States moved to dismiss the bill on the ground that the plaintiffs had not shown such an interest in the subject matter as would entitle them to sue, and also for want of equity. The case was heard before three judges on application for a preliminary

Page 145

injunction. It was agreed that the hearing should be treated as a final hearing. The court sustained the motion of the United States and entered a final decree dismissing the bill. That decree is here on direct appeal under the Act of October 22, 1913, c. 32, 38 Stat. 208, 220 (Comp. St. § 998).

The essential facts are these: On October 20, 1919, the Director General of Railroads established a so-called penalty charge of $10 per car per day on lumber held at reconsignment points.1 The declared purpose of the charge was 'to prevent undue detention of equipment under the present emergency.' The charge (in modified form) remained in force throughout the period of federal control, and thereafter it was continued by the carriers.

Page 146

In September, 1920, the American Wholesale Lumber Association instituted proceedings before the Commission to secure cancellation of this charge as being unreasonable, unjustly discriminatory, unduly prejudicial, and without warrant in law. The transit car privilege, permitting storage in cars for a short period at reconsignment points, is deemed an essential of the business by its members who are largely jobbers, and have no lumber yards. Protests against cancellation of the charge were filed by some associations of lumber manufacturers and dealers who customarily ship direct from the mills to their own lumber yards and have little occasion to use this reconsignment privilege. The imposition of the penalty charge was a direct benefit to them, since it subjected the jobbers, their competitors, to a severe handicap, and to that extent curbed the activities of these rivals. After extensive hearings the Commission held that it was within the power of the Director General, and of carriers, to establish penalty charges in order to prevent undue detention of equipment by shippers, that conditions existing at the time had warranted the establishment of a penalty charge, and that the charge then imposed had not been shown to be unreasonable. But the Commission also found that conditions had changed; that at the time of its decision there was a large surplus of service cars, which left the retention of the penalty charge without justification; and that while present conditions continue it is and will be unreasonable. An order was entered requiring carriers 'to cease and desist * * * until further order of the Commission' from collecting the charge. The report stated 'that our approval of the elimination of the charge at this time is based solely on existing conditions,...

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71 practice notes
  • Interstate Investors, Inc. v. United States, No. 66 Civ. 3004.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • 22 Julio 1968
    ...Tunnel League v. United States, 289 U.S. 113, 53 S.Ct. 543, 77 L.Ed. 1069 (1933); Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trustee v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 44 S.Ct. 72, 68 L.Ed. 216 (1923). The fact of intervention before the Commission is not enough by itself to establish standing. See Seatrain Lin......
  • Jointrefugee Committee v. Grath National Council Offriendship v. Grath International Workers Order v. Grath, ANTI-FASCIST
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • 30 Abril 1951
    ...merely affecting his previous competitive advantage over shippers subject to the rate. Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trustees v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 148, 44 S.Ct. 72, 73, 68 L.Ed. 216; Alexander Sprunt & Son v. United States, 281 U.S. 249, 255, 257, 50 S.Ct. 315, 318, 74 L.Ed. 832. ......
  • Tachiona v. U.S., No. 03-6033(L), 03-6043(XAP).
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • 6 Octubre 2004
    ...a "legal injury, actual or threatened," as a result of the judgment. See Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trs. v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 148, 44 S.Ct. 72, 68 L.Ed. 216 (1923) (cited in Boston Tow Boat, 321 U.S. at 634, Page 212 S.Ct. 776). By contrast, we think the asserted injury t......
  • Fahey v. O'Melveny & Myers, No. 12591.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • 17 Diciembre 1952
    ...Alexander Sprunt & Son v. United States, 281 U.S. 249, 50 S.Ct. 315, 74 L.Ed. 832; Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trustees v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 147, 148, 44 S.Ct. 72, 68 L.Ed. 216; United States v. Merchants' & Manufacturers' Traffic Ass'n, 242 U.S. 178, 188, 37 S.Ct. 24, 61 L.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
70 cases
  • Interstate Investors, Inc. v. United States, No. 66 Civ. 3004.
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. United States District Courts. 2nd Circuit. Southern District of New York
    • 22 Julio 1968
    ...Tunnel League v. United States, 289 U.S. 113, 53 S.Ct. 543, 77 L.Ed. 1069 (1933); Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trustee v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 44 S.Ct. 72, 68 L.Ed. 216 (1923). The fact of intervention before the Commission is not enough by itself to establish standing. See Seatrain Lin......
  • Jointrefugee Committee v. Grath National Council Offriendship v. Grath International Workers Order v. Grath, ANTI-FASCIST
    • United States
    • United States Supreme Court
    • 30 Abril 1951
    ...merely affecting his previous competitive advantage over shippers subject to the rate. Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trustees v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 148, 44 S.Ct. 72, 73, 68 L.Ed. 216; Alexander Sprunt & Son v. United States, 281 U.S. 249, 255, 257, 50 S.Ct. 315, 318, 74 L.Ed. 832. ......
  • Tachiona v. U.S., No. 03-6033(L), 03-6043(XAP).
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (2nd Circuit)
    • 6 Octubre 2004
    ...a "legal injury, actual or threatened," as a result of the judgment. See Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trs. v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 148, 44 S.Ct. 72, 68 L.Ed. 216 (1923) (cited in Boston Tow Boat, 321 U.S. at 634, Page 212 S.Ct. 776). By contrast, we think the asserted injury t......
  • Fahey v. O'Melveny & Myers, No. 12591.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (9th Circuit)
    • 17 Diciembre 1952
    ...Alexander Sprunt & Son v. United States, 281 U.S. 249, 50 S.Ct. 315, 74 L.Ed. 832; Edward Hines Yellow Pine Trustees v. United States, 263 U.S. 143, 147, 148, 44 S.Ct. 72, 68 L.Ed. 216; United States v. Merchants' & Manufacturers' Traffic Ass'n, 242 U.S. 178, 188, 37 S.Ct. 24, 61 L.......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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