Edwards v. Lamb

CourtSupreme Court of New Hampshire
Citation45 A. 480,69 N.H. 599
PartiesEDWARDS v. LAMB.
Decision Date28 July 1899

Action by Mary E. Edwards against F. W. Lamb for negligence. Demurrer to the complaint overruled.

Case for negligence. The declaration alleged that the defendant, a physician and surgeon, was employed to treat the plaintiff's husband for a wound which became an Infectious sore; that the defendant knew the danger to the plaintiff of infection therefrom, but negligently informed her that there was no such danger, and on one occasion directed her to assist in dressing the wound; that she, in Justifiable ignorance of the truth, and relying upon his assurances, did so assist him, whereby she became infected with septic poison. The defendant demurred.

Walter S. Peaslee, Martin & Howe, and Stone & Shannon, for plaintiff.

William B. Fellows and Edward B. S. Sanborn, for defendant.

PEASLEE, J. The question presented is not one of breach of contract, and it is not necessary to consider how far the defendant's contractual duties extended. Nor is it necessary to decide whether, in the absence of any statement by the defendant, he would be liable. The case is one of positive action, not merely of failure to act. The declaration alleges that the defendant informed the plaintiff that there was no danger of infection, and when he did this he voluntarily assumed certain obligations. The fact that his duty as to her, was merely to advise, and not to administer treatment, is immaterial. Harriott v. Plimpton, 166 Mass. 585, 588, 44 N. E. 992. The situation was such that she needed the advice of a physician. This the defendant knew. He knew of her danger, and negligently advised her as to it, and she was injured by following his advice. That when he advised her he assumed the obligation to use due care in so doing is not open to doubt. Carpenter v. Blake, 75 N. Y. 12, 25. If the contract to attend the plaintiff's husband were eliminated from the case, the liability would be the same. The gratuitous character of the services rendered to the plaintiff would not excuse the defendant's failure to exercise such care as the circumstances demanded. Peck v. Hutchinson, 88 Iowa, 320, 327, 55 N. W. 511; McNevins v. Lowe, 40 Ill. 209. On the other hand, if the advice to the wife is treated as a part of the performance of the contract with the husband, the defendant still owed her the noncontractual duty to use care in the performance of such of his services as concerned her...

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41 cases
  • Duke v. Housen, 4811
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Wyoming
    • January 12, 1979
    ...can be held liable in damages for his actions. Earle v. Kuklo, 1953, 26 N.J.Super. 471, 98 A.2d 107 (tuberculosis); Edwards v. Lamb, 1899, 69 N.H. 599, 45 A. 480 (infection from a wound); Kliegel v. Aitken, 1896, 94 Wis. 432, 69 N.W. 67 (whooping cough); Franklin v. Butcher, 1910, 144 Mo.Ap......
  • Calwell v. Hassan, s. 72817
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Kansas
    • December 15, 1995
    ...872, 430 N.W.2d 458 (1988); Skillings v. Allen, 143 Minn. 323, 173 N.W. 663, aff'd 143 Minn. 483, 173 N.W. 665 (1919); Edwards v. Lamb, 69 N.H. 599, 45 A. 480 (1899); Wojcik v. Aluminum of Co. of America, 18 Misc.2d 740, 183 N.Y.S.2d 351 (1959); Jones v. Stanko, 118 Ohio St. 147, 160 N.E. 4......
  • Gagne v. Bertran
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (California)
    • October 19, 1954
    ...Walter v. England, 133 Cal.App. 676, 679, 24 P.2d 930 (dentist); Page v. Wells, 37 Mich. 415, 421 (timber appraiser); Edwards v. Lamb, 69 N.H. 599, 45 A. 480, 50 L.R.A. 160 (physician); Skilling v. Allen, 143 Minn. 323, 173 N.W. 663, 5 A.L.R. 922 (physician); Noble v. Libby, 144 Wis. 632, 6......
  • Wessman v. Boston & M, R. R.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of New Hampshire
    • May 6, 1930
    ...A. 1082, 18 L. R. A. (N. S.) 939; Pittsfield Co. v. Pittsfield Shoe Co., 71 N. H. 522, 53 A. 807, 60 L. R. A. 116; Edwards v. Lamb, 69 N. H. 599, 45 A. 480, 50 L. R. A. 160. It is the declared policy of this state that the operation of this rule, which is reasonable in theory and salutary i......
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