ET Simonds Const. Co. v. LOCAL 1330 OF INT. HOD CARRIERS, ETC.

Decision Date14 March 1963
Docket NumberNo. 13936.,13936.
Citation315 F.2d 291
PartiesE. T. SIMONDS CONSTRUCTION COMPANY, a Corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. LOCAL 1330 OF INTERNATIONAL HOD CARRIERS, BUILDING AND COMMON LABORERS UNION OF AMERICA, AFL-CIO, and Southern Illinois District Council of International Hod Carriers, Building and Common Laborers Union of America, AFL-CIO, Defendants-Appellees.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Seventh Circuit

James A. Finch, Jr., Cape Girardeau, Mo., Charles C. Hines, Carbondale, Ill., Finch, Finch & Knehans, Cape Girardeau, Mo., Feirich & Feirich, Carbondale, Ill., of counsel, for appellant.

John M. Schobel, St. Louis, Mo., J. F. Souders, St. Louis, Mo., Gruenber & Schobel, St. Louis, Mo., of counsel, for appellees.

Before HASTINGS, Chief Judge, and KNOCH and SWYGERT, Circuit Judges.

KNOCH, Circuit Judge.

Plaintiff, E. T. Simonds Construction Company, brought suit against the defendants, Local 1330 of International Hod Carriers, Building and Common Laborers Union of America, AFL-CIO, and Southern Illinois District Council of International Hod Carriers, Building and Common Laborers Union of America, AFL-CIO, in the United States District Court under Section 301(a) of the Labor Management Relations Act, as amended (29 U.S.C. § 141 et seq., § 185), to recover for breach of a labor contract by engaging in a work stoppage. Article 13 of that contract which bars work stoppages "on account of any differences that might occur" between the parties, also provides:

"If matters cannot be adjusted quickly, between the representatives of the Individual Contractor and the Local Business Agent, the matter shall be immediately referred to a Board consisting of six (6) members, three to be appointed by the Contractor, and three to be appointed by the Union, and these six members shall have the authority to choose a seventh member, if and when they deem it necessary."

On motion of the defendants, the District Court entered an order staying this action pending arbitration.

The District Judge, who had previously denied a similar motion, D.C., 203 F. Supp. 572, held that the decision of the United States Supreme Court in the case of Drake Bakeries, Inc. v. Local 50, American Bakery and Confectionery Workers International, AFL-CIO, 370 U.S. 254, 82 S.Ct. 1346, 8 L.Ed.2d 474 (1962), was binding on the Trial Court in this cause and required the grant of the stay as sought by defendants. He construed the Drake case as follows:

"The court held that the contract between the employer and the union obligated the employer to arbitrate its claim for damages from forbidden strikes by the union, stating that under the contract by agreeing to arbitrate all claims without excluding the case where the union struck over an arbitrable matter, the parties negatived any intention to condition the duty to arbitrate upon the absence of strikes."

Plaintiff-appellant, however, contends that the right of arbitration (if one exists under the contract), being a mere contract right, can be waived, and has been waived by the defendants in this case.

The docket entries in this cause reveal the following significant chronology:

March 14, 1961

Plaintiff filed its complaint alleging an unauthorized work stoppage from October 16, 1960 to October 25, 1960.

March 31, 1961

Defendants filed separate answers and counterclaims in which the jurisdiction of the District Court was admitted.

April 19, 1961

Plaintiff moved to dismiss the counterclaims or, alternatively, to strike certain portions including the prayer for punitive damages.

April 21, 1961

Plaintiff filed its brief in support of its motion.

May 1, 1961

Defendants filed their brief in opposition.

May 4, 1961

Plaintiff filed its reply brief.

June 30, 1961

The Trial Court denied the motion to dismiss, sustained the motion to strike certain portions, but reserved till trial the ruling on the motion to strike the prayer for punitive damages.

July 17, 1961

Plaintiff replied to the counterclaims and sought leave to amend its complaint by adding a count for punitive damages.

July 25, 1961

Defendants filed their motion in opposition to the amendment.

July 28, 1961

Plaintiff filed its memorandum in support of the motion to amend.

September 26, 1961

The discovery depositions of nine persons taken in Carbondale, Illinois, on September 7 and 8, 1961, were filed with the Clerk of the District Court.

December 27, 1961

The Trial Court entered an order allowing plaintiff to amend by adding a second count, for punitive damages.

January 5, 1962

Defendants filed separate answers to the second count, again admitting the jurisdiction of the Court.

March 1, 1962

A pre-trial conference was held at Cairo, Illinois, and the cause set for trial on April 9, 1962.

March 12, 1962

A report of the pre-trial conference was filed which included the statement:
The pleadings are settled, cause is at issue, and the court has jurisdiction of the parties and of the subject matter.
and other stipulations, all to be binding in the absence of written objections filed within 5 days. No written objections were filed.

March 16, 1962

The defendants mailed directly to the Court a joint motion to stay the suit pending arbitration, together with their memorandum in support of the motion.

March 21, 1962

Plaintiff filed its memorandum in opposition, with supporting documents and affidavit, indicating that the first request on defendants\' behalf, for arbitration, was made in a letter dated March 15, 1962.

April 2, 1962

The Trial Court denied the motion for a stay. No appeal was taken from that order.

April 9, 1962

April 10, 1962

April 11, 1962

The case was tried.

April 11, 1962

Defendants moved separately to dismiss at the conclusion of the plaintiff\'s evidence. The motions were overruled, orally renewed at the close of all testimony and again overruled. Both parties were to present briefs.

May 25, 1962

Plaintiff filed its brief and proposed findings of fact and conclusion of law.

July 3, 1962

Defendants filed their motion to stay proceedings pending arbitration.

August 2, 1962

The stay was granted.

The District Judge reversed his original ruling on the motion for a stay in reliance solely on the Drake case.

Drake Bakeries brought its action under § 301(a) of the Act, alleging violation of a no-strike clause in a collective bargaining contract. The District Court in the Drake case held that the claim was an arbitrable matter under the contract and ordered a stay of the action pending completion of arbitration.

The wording of the Drake contract reads:

"Article V — Grievance Procedure
"(a) The parties agree that they will promptly attempt to adjust all complaints, disputes or grievances arising between them involving questions of interpretation or application of any clause or matter covered by this contract or any act or conduct or relation between the parties hereto, directly or indirectly."

The wording in the contract before us in this case reads:

"Article No. 13
"There shall be no stoppage of work on account of any differences that might occur between the Contractor and the Union, or between different crafts on the work. If matters cannot be adjusted quickly, between the representatives of the Individual Contractor and the Local Business Agent, the matter shall be immediately referred to a Board * * *."

Plaintiff contends that this language is narrower in scope than that used in Drake which refers specifically to "acts" and "conduct" as well as to questions of interpretation and application. We believe that the wording "any differences" is broad enough in scope to cover the situation here.

The panel of the Court of Appeals which initially heard the Drake case in the Second Circuit reversed the District Court. 287 F.2d 155 (1961) The Second Circuit there held that the arbitration provided for in the Drake contract concerned only questions which had been brought up through the grievance procedure. 287 F.2d 157 Further that panel ruled that the Union had not requested designation of an arbitrator when the dispute arose, but had resorted to the self help of a strike in violation of the contract. The panel stated (page 158):

"It seems clear that the parties intended the grievance-arbitration procedure to supplant strikes as a means of resolving industrial disputes, but did not intend to subject alleged breaches of the no-strike clause to arbitration when a strike was resorted to before making any attempt to utilize the grievance-arbitration procedure."

On rehearing en banc, the votes were three for reversal and three for affirmance, and the Trial Court's order was affirmed. 294 F.2d 399 On certiorari, the Supreme Court held that so fundamental a matter as a union strike in breach of contract would have been expressly excluded from the comprehensive language used had the parties so intended. This view was supported by the fact that four months earlier in the same year as the strike which gave rise to the suit, Drake Bakeries had requested appointment of an arbitrator to determine the question of breach of contract and damages suffered through conduct which Drake Bakeries characterized as an "overtime strike." The Union had opposed that claim for arbitration, but the controversy was settled without...

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  • Shalaby v. Arctic Sand Technologies, Inc.
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    ... ... litigation in local court where investment was made); ... Simonds Constr ... Co. v. Local 1330, Int'l Hod ... ...
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    ...and Helpers Local Union No. 633 of New Hampshire, 671 F.2d 38, 42 (1st Cir.1982); E.T. Simonds Construction Co. v. Local 1330, International Hod Carriers, 315 F.2d 291 (7th Cir.1963); Reid Burton Const., Inc. v. Carpenters Dist. Council of Southern Colorado, 614 F.2d 698, 700–701 (10th Cir.......
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    ...614 F.2d 698, 702 (10th Cir.), cert. denied, 449 U.S. 824, 101 S.Ct. 85, 66 L.Ed.2d 27 (1980); E.T. Simonds Constr. Co. v. Local 1330, Int'l Hod Carriers, 315 F.2d 291, 295 (7th Cir.1963). They may ask a court to resolve the contract-interpretation dispute instead. These cases demonstrate t......
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