Evans v. State, No. 671S160

Docket NºNo. 671S160
Citation261 Ind. 148, 300 N.E.2d 882
Case DateSeptember 10, 1973
CourtSupreme Court of Indiana

Page 882

300 N.E.2d 882
261 Ind. 148
Roy Jacey EVANS, Appellant,
v.
STATE of Indiana, Appellee.
No. 671S160.
Supreme Court of Indiana.
Sept. 10, 1973.
Rehearing Denied Nov. 21, 1973.

Page 883

Harriette Bailey Conn, Public Defender, Indianapolis, for appellant.

[261 Ind. 149] Theodore L. Sendak, Atty. Gen., Wesley T. Wilson, Deputy Atty. Gen., Indianapolis, for appellee.

DeBRULER, Justice.

This case comes to us on appeal from a conviction of murder in the first degree after trial by jury in the Clerk Circuit Court. The appeal raises questions concerning the proper procedure to be employed in the use of our Post Conviction Rule 2, as well as substantive issues concerning the sufficiency of the evidence at appellant's trial, the refusal of the trial court to give one of appellant's instructions, and whether appellant is entitled to an evidentiary hearing on the question of his competency at the time of trial.

On January 9, 1959, appellant, Roy Evans, was indicted for first degree murder in the death of one Elmer Jackson who had been found badly beaten in his apartment several days earlier. A trial was held in April of 1959, before a jury in the Clark Circuit Court. The evidence introduced at trial showed that early on the morning of January 3, 1959, Elmer Jackson was found on the floor of his apartment with severe wounds about the head. The apartment was in a state of disorder with much of the furniture overturned. Among the debris in the apartment were two bags of groceries with its contents of bread, bologna and pigs feet partially spilled about on the floor. Mr. Jackson was taken to the hospital but died shortly thereafter of multiple fractures of the skull caused by several severe blows to the head.

The police proceeded to a nearby grocery store which sold pigs feet and were

Page 884

told by the owners that appellant had purchased these same items on the previous night at about 11:00 p.m. The police then went to appellant's house where they were admitted by appellant's mother. Appellant was awakened by the police and questioned about his activities on the night before. He stated that he came home at about 9:00 p.m. from a local tavern, watched television and went to bed. The police asked appellant to accompany them to the police station. As appellant was putting on his shoes one [261 Ind. 152] officer noticed they were splattered with what appeared to be blood. These shoes were taken by the police and at trial a State Police Laboratory technician testified that the stains on the shoe were indeed blood and were of the same type as that of deceased. He further testified that the pattern of the blood stain on the shoe (concentrated at the toe and flaring out toward the rear of the shoe) was an indication that it resulted from a forward kicking motion.

Appellant was questioned by the police at the station and at first denied being at Elmer Jackson's apartment on the previous night. After some additional questioning he asked to speak to one officer alone and gave the officer a statement which was subsequently admitted at the trial. The statement revealed that appellant had been drinking at a tavern but had gone to Elmer Jackson's apartment on the way home. Jackson told appellant to stay away from a girl he was then dating. Jackson and appellant began arguing and a fight ensued. Appellant admitted kicking Jackson in the head several times with his shoes and when he left Jackson was unconscious on the floor.

At the trial appellant testified in his defense along with four other defense witnesses. In his testimony appellant repudiated his statement made on the day of his arrest and stated that the police had 'put words in his mouth' and that he was still drunk from the previous night at the time of the statement. Appellant's trial testimony was that he did indeed go to Jackson's house on the night of the murder and that Jackson and he were drinking, but they did not argue. Instead appellant fell asleep on the couch and when he awoke he had a large bump on his head and Jackson was lying on the floor in a pool of blood. Before leaving the apartment appellant walked over to Jackson and stepped in the pool of blood surrounding Jackson's head.

On cross-examination the State used appellant's testimony at a coroner's inquest conducted shortly after the death in [261 Ind. 153] order to impeach his present testimony. At the inquest appellant had given a third version of the incident. In this version appellant and Jackson became involved in a fight and Jackson attacked appellant with a metal pipe. Appellant wrestled the pipe from Jackson and hit him once on the head with it. When appellant left Jackson was on the floor but there was no blood and he was breathing normally. Appellant returned to the apartment sometime later in order to get the groceries he had forgotten and found Jackson in a different position on the floor and covered with blood.

At the close of all the evidence appellant's attorney moved for a directed verdict on the grounds of insufficient evidence. The motion was denied. Appellant also submitted an instruction to the court concerning the credibility of police officers but the court refused to give the instruction to the jury. The jury returned a verdict of guilty and appellant was sentenced to life imprisonment.

Appellant timely filed a Motion for a New Trial alleging erroneous rulings on the sufficiency of the evidence and the refusal to give the police credibility instruction to the jury. The trial court denied appellant's motion on June 2, 1959. No appeal was taken from that decision.

On October 3, 1970, appellant filed a pro se petition with this Court for permission to file a Belated Appeal under P.C. Rule 2(B). We granted appellant's petition and appointed the State Public Defender to perfect the appeal.

Page 885

After reviewing the record of appellant's trial in 1959, the State Public Defender filed a Petition for Permission to File a Belated Motion to Correct Errors in the Clark Circuit Court under P.C. Rule 2(A). The Petition for Permission to File alleged that the prior Motion for a New Trial filed in 1959, was not 'adequate' since it failed to raise the ground of ineffective assistance of counsel, that the failure to raise this ground was not the fault of appellant and that appellant had been diligent in his request to allege such ground. An evidentiary hearing [261 Ind. 154] on appellant's Petition for Permission to File was held in the Clark Circuit Court on June 23, 1971, and the court denied appellant's Petition to File.

On August 9, 1971, appellant filed a second Petition for Permission to File a Belated Motion to Correct Errors in the Clark Circuit Court. On October 5, 1971, the Clark Circuit Court granted appellant's second Petition for Permission to File and appellant subsequently filed a Belated Motion to Correct Errors alleging the existence of newly discovered psychiatric evidence which tended to establish that appellant was legally insane at the time of the crime. Some two weeks later appellant filed a Belated Supplementary Motion to Correct Errors alleging more newly discovered psychiatric evidence and also alleging that appellant was incompetent at the time of his trial and was therefore unable to assist his trial counsel in his defense. On December 3, 1971, the trial court denied both of appellant's motions.

Appellant now assigns the following errors on...

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31 practice notes
  • Joy v. State, No. 1-783A228
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • March 8, 1984
    ...denied 434 U.S. 972, 98 S.Ct. 526, 54 L.Ed.2d 462; Lewis v. State, (1976) 264 Ind. 288, 297, 342 N.E.2d 859, 864; Evans v. State, (1973) 261 Ind. 148, 156, 300 N.E.2d 882, 886; Turner v. State, (1972) 259 Ind. 344, 347-48, 287 N.E.2d 339, 341. By refusing to read the stricken portion of the......
  • Edwards v. State, No. 49S02-0705-CR-202.
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • March 17, 2009
    ...95 S.Ct. 896, 43 L.Ed.2d 103 (1975); Pate v. Robinson, 383 U.S. 375, 387, 86 S.Ct. 836, 15 L.Ed.2d 815 (1966)); see also Evans v. State, 261 Ind. 148, 160-61, 300 N.E.2d 882, 888 (1973) (where appellant was tried in April of 1959, the issue was "not appellant's mental state in May of 1......
  • State v. , No. 68068–4–I.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Washington
    • April 29, 2013
    ...Wash.App. 381, 390, 575 P.2d 740 (1978) (citing Drope, 420 U.S. at 183, 95 S.Ct. 896;Pate, 383 U.S. 375, 86 S.Ct. 836;Evans v. State, 261 Ind. 148, 300 N.E.2d 882 (1973)). 73.Id. at 391, 575 P.2d 740. 74. Brief of Respondent at 14 (citing Renfroe, 825 F.2d at 767;Johns, 728 F.2d at 957–58).......
  • Berwanger v. State, No. 2-773A154
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • March 11, 1974
    ...We therefore, hold the trial court did not err when it did not conduct a hearing on the matter.' See also Evans v. State (1973), Ind., 300 N.E.2d 882; Tinsley v. State (1973), Ind., 298 N.E.2d 429; Sims v. Lane (1969 7th Cir.), 411 F.2d 661, cert. den., 396 U.S. 943, 90 S.Ct. 378, 24 L.Ed.2......
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31 cases
  • Joy v. State, No. 1-783A228
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • March 8, 1984
    ...denied 434 U.S. 972, 98 S.Ct. 526, 54 L.Ed.2d 462; Lewis v. State, (1976) 264 Ind. 288, 297, 342 N.E.2d 859, 864; Evans v. State, (1973) 261 Ind. 148, 156, 300 N.E.2d 882, 886; Turner v. State, (1972) 259 Ind. 344, 347-48, 287 N.E.2d 339, 341. By refusing to read the stricken portion of the......
  • Edwards v. State, No. 49S02-0705-CR-202.
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court of Indiana
    • March 17, 2009
    ...95 S.Ct. 896, 43 L.Ed.2d 103 (1975); Pate v. Robinson, 383 U.S. 375, 387, 86 S.Ct. 836, 15 L.Ed.2d 815 (1966)); see also Evans v. State, 261 Ind. 148, 160-61, 300 N.E.2d 882, 888 (1973) (where appellant was tried in April of 1959, the issue was "not appellant's mental state in May of 1959, ......
  • State v. , No. 68068–4–I.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Washington
    • April 29, 2013
    ...Wash.App. 381, 390, 575 P.2d 740 (1978) (citing Drope, 420 U.S. at 183, 95 S.Ct. 896;Pate, 383 U.S. 375, 86 S.Ct. 836;Evans v. State, 261 Ind. 148, 300 N.E.2d 882 (1973)). 73.Id. at 391, 575 P.2d 740. 74. Brief of Respondent at 14 (citing Renfroe, 825 F.2d at 767;Johns, 728 F.2d at 957–58).......
  • Berwanger v. State, No. 2-773A154
    • United States
    • Indiana Court of Appeals of Indiana
    • March 11, 1974
    ...We therefore, hold the trial court did not err when it did not conduct a hearing on the matter.' See also Evans v. State (1973), Ind., 300 N.E.2d 882; Tinsley v. State (1973), Ind., 298 N.E.2d 429; Sims v. Lane (1969 7th Cir.), 411 F.2d 661, cert. den., 396 U.S. 943, 90 S.Ct. 378, 24 L.Ed.2......
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