Ex parte Robinson

CourtSupreme Court of Alabama
Writing for the CourtSOMERVILLE, J.
Citation183 Ala. 30,63 So. 177
Decision Date15 May 1913
PartiesEx parte ROBINSON.

63 So. 177

183 Ala. 30

Ex parte ROBINSON.

Supreme Court of Alabama

May 15, 1913


Carson Robinson was convicted of manslaughter in the first degree, and, the conviction having been affirmed by the Court of Appeals (60 So. 558), he petitions for certiorari. Writ denied.

Etheridge & Lamar, of Bessemer, for appellant.

Robert C. Brickell, Atty. Gen., and William L. Martin, Asst. Atty. Gen., for the State.

SOMERVILLE, J.

The petitioner seeks by writ of certiorari to review and reverse the decision of the Court of Appeals in Robinson v. State (App.) 60 So. 558. The petition and the record show that petitioner was convicted in the city court of Bessemer of manslaughter in the first degree by the verdict of a jury, which fixed his punishment at one year in the penitentiary, and that by the judgment of the court he was sentenced in accordance with the verdict. On appeal it was at first the judgment of the Court of Appeals that the verdict of the jury was not authorized by law, and was incapable of sustaining a judgment of conviction, and, further, that this defect was available to defendant on appeal, and required a reversal of the entire judgment. Robinson v. State (App.) 60 So. 558. These conclusions were based on section 7620 of the Code, and the cases of Zaner v. State, 90 Ala. 651, 8 So. 698, Ex parte Goucher, 103 Ala. 305, 15 So. 601, and Ex parte Thomas, 113 Ala. 1, 21 So. 369. Upon a reconsideration of the case, however, the former judgment of remandment for a new trial was set aside, and there was entered a judgment of remandment merely for resentence by the trial court, either to imprisonment in the county jail or to hard labor for the county, as directed by the statute. Code, § 7620.

This conclusion was reached under the influence of the ruling of this court in Washington v. State, 117 Ala. 30, 23 So. 697, and the language of the opinion in that case. It is the contention of petitioner that the final judgment of the Court of Appeals in effect overrules Zaner v. State and Ex parte Goucher, supra, and that it is not supported by the decision and views expressed in Washington v. State, supra. Section 7620 of the Code makes provision for the sentence of convicts in three distinct categories: (1) "In all cases in which the period of imprisonment in the penitentiary or hard labor for the county is more than two years, the judge must sentence the party to imprisonment in the penitentiary"; (2) "in all cases of conviction of felonies in which such imprisonment or hard labor is for more than twelve months, and not more than two years, the judge may sentence the party to imprisonment in the penitentiary, or confinement in the county jail, or to hard labor for the county, at his discretion"; (3) "in all cases in which the imprisonment or sentence to hard labor is twelve months or less, the party must be sentenced to imprisonment in the county jail or to hard labor for the county." It will be observed that the action of the jury is restricted to fixing the duration of the term of the imprisonment or hard labor; that under the first provision the judge has no discretion as to the place of imprisonment or labor; that under...

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25 practice notes
  • Law v. State, 1 Div. 70.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • October 12, 1939
    ...the judgment of conviction and reverse and remand as to the sentence. Brooks v. State, 234 Ala. 140, 173 So. 869; Ex parte Robinson, 183 Ala. 30, 63 So. 177. After the opinion in the Cook case, supra, this section of the Code was carried forward in the same terms into the present Code as wh......
  • Phillips v. State, 239
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • May 19, 1914
    ...held to be by the latest decisions of this and of the Supreme Court. Robinson v. State, 6 Ala.App. 13, 60 So. 558; Ex parte Robinson [Sup.] 63 So. 177); but the point made is that the verdict was a nullity and could authorize no judgment at all and consequently no sentence whatever, because......
  • Bryant v. State, 643
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • February 15, 1915
    ...defendant's answer discloses good reasons why he should not be sentenced. [68 So. 706.] Reynolds v. State, 68 Ala. 502; Ex parte Robinson, 183 Ala. 30, 63 So. 177; Minto v. State, 9 Ala.App. 98, 64 So. 369. It follows that judgment is here rendered, affirming the judgment appealed from, exc......
  • Nix v. City of Andalusia, 4 Div. 215
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • June 15, 1926
    ...treat that part of the verdict fixing hard labor as surplusage, and proceed to fix the punishment as the law requires. Ex parte Robinson, 183 Ala. 30, 63 So. 177. The bottles containing the whisky, charged as being possessed by defendant, were introduced in evidence, and were sitting on a t......
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25 cases
  • Law v. State, 1 Div. 70.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • October 12, 1939
    ...the judgment of conviction and reverse and remand as to the sentence. Brooks v. State, 234 Ala. 140, 173 So. 869; Ex parte Robinson, 183 Ala. 30, 63 So. 177. After the opinion in the Cook case, supra, this section of the Code was carried forward in the same terms into the present Code as wh......
  • Phillips v. State, 239
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • May 19, 1914
    ...held to be by the latest decisions of this and of the Supreme Court. Robinson v. State, 6 Ala.App. 13, 60 So. 558; Ex parte Robinson [Sup.] 63 So. 177); but the point made is that the verdict was a nullity and could authorize no judgment at all and consequently no sentence whatever, because......
  • Bryant v. State, 643
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • February 15, 1915
    ...defendant's answer discloses good reasons why he should not be sentenced. [68 So. 706.] Reynolds v. State, 68 Ala. 502; Ex parte Robinson, 183 Ala. 30, 63 So. 177; Minto v. State, 9 Ala.App. 98, 64 So. 369. It follows that judgment is here rendered, affirming the judgment appealed from, exc......
  • Nix v. City of Andalusia, 4 Div. 215
    • United States
    • Alabama Court of Appeals
    • June 15, 1926
    ...treat that part of the verdict fixing hard labor as surplusage, and proceed to fix the punishment as the law requires. Ex parte Robinson, 183 Ala. 30, 63 So. 177. The bottles containing the whisky, charged as being possessed by defendant, were introduced in evidence, and were sitting on a t......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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