Exsted v. Commissioner of Public Safety, C7-85-869

Decision Date05 November 1985
Docket NumberNo. C7-85-869,C7-85-869
Citation375 N.W.2d 594
CourtMinnesota Court of Appeals
PartiesCollin Carl EXSTED, petitioner, Appellant, v. COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC SAFETY, Respondent.

Syllabus by the Court

Appellant reasonably refused to take a breath test, and the Commissioner of Public Safety improperly revoked his driving privileges.

Steven E. Elias, Milavetz & Associates, Coon Rapids, for appellant.

Hubert H. Humphrey, III, Minnesota Atty. Gen., Joel A. Watne, Sp. Asst. Atty. Gen., St. Paul, for respondent.

Considered and decided by POPOVICH, C.J., and WOZNIAK and HUSPENI, JJ., with oral argument waived.


POPOVICH, Chief Judge.

Appellant's driving privileges were revoked for refusing to take a breath test, and he petitioned for judicial review. The trial court sustained the revocation. We reverse.


Appellant Collin Exsted was arrested for driving while intoxicated on January 6, 1985. He was read the implied consent advisory and agreed to submit to the breath test.

Officer Steven Cobb, a certified Intoxilyzer operator, attempted to administer a breath test to appellant. Appellant's first breath sample was deficient and registered an alcohol concentration reading of .185 as the highest reading obtained. The Intoxilyzer then detected radio frequency interference (RFI) and the test was discontinued.

Cobb then requested appellant submit to a second breath test, which he agreed to take. He registered an alcohol concentration of .182 as the highest reading obtained on a deficient sample, before RFI was again detected, and the test terminated.

Cobb then ran a calibration check to determine whether the Intoxilyzer was working properly because he was unaware of any radio transmissions which could have been causing the problem. No problems were detected.

Cobb then requested appellant take the test a third time. Appellant refused, and requested he be allowed to contact his attorney. Cobb permitted him to do so. Appellant, after consulting his attorney, continued to refuse testing, stating he believed he should not be required to blow into the Intoxilyzer all night.

The Commissioner of Public Safety revoked appellant's driving privileges. Appellant petitioned for judicial review. At the implied consent hearing, both parties agreed the only issue was whether appellant's refusal to take the third test was reasonable.

The trial court concluded appellant refused the first breath test when he failed to provide an adequate breath sample during the four minute sequence which was completed before the RFI was detected, and such failure was not caused by any physical inability. The trial court also concluded appellant was required to take the third breath test. It ordered the revocation of appellant's driving privileges be sustained.


1. Did the trial court err by finding appellant was required to submit to the test a third time?

2. Was appellant's refusal to submit to testing reasonable?


1. A driver whose license is revoked under the implied consent law may petition for judicial review of the decision. Minn.Stat. Sec. 169.123, subd. 5c (1984). If he refused to permit testing, he may, as an affirmative defense, prove that at the time of the refusal, his refusal to permit the test was based upon reasonable grounds. Minn.Stat. Sec. 169.123, subd. 6. The parties agreed at the hearing that the only issue present was whether appellant reasonably refused to permit the test.

The determination whether a driver's refusal is reasonable is a question of fact for the trial court. Palbicki v. Commissioner of Public Safety, 347 N.W.2d 512, 514 (Minn.Ct.App.1984). A trial court's factual finding will be reversed only if it is clearly erroneous. State, Department of Highways v. Beckey, 291 Minn. 483, 487, 192 N.W.2d 441, 445 (1971). If the trial court erroneously construed and applied the law to the case, its determination will be overturned. Noren v. Commissioner of Public Safety, 363 N.W.2d 315, 317 (Minn.Ct.App.1985).

Appellant contends the machine failed to function properly and could not receive a breath sample because of RFI. He argues it was unreasonable for the police...

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4 cases
  • Wilson v. Comm'r of Pub. Safety
    • United States
    • Minnesota Court of Appeals
    • 11 Junio 2012
    ...a testing device may be adequately grounded to reasonably justify refusing a test. In support, he relies on Exsted v. Comm'r of Pub. Safety, 375 N.W.2d 594, 596 (Minn. App. 1985), in which we held that a suspect who had already submitted to two Intoxilyzer tests, each of which produced defi......
  • Fisher v. Commissioner of Public Safety, C4-86-547
    • United States
    • Minnesota Court of Appeals
    • 15 Julio 1986
    ...here. Finally, Fisher argues that his refusal was reasonable. Minn.Stat. Sec. 169.123, subd. 6; Exsted v. Commissioner of Public Safety, 375 N.W.2d 594, 596 (Minn.Ct.App.1985). This issue was not raised below, and it cannot be raised for the first time on appeal. Connolly v. Commissioner of......
  • Frost v. Commissioner of Public Safety, C8-86-1443
    • United States
    • Minnesota Court of Appeals
    • 3 Marzo 1987
    ...State, Department of Highways v. Beckey, 291 Minn. 483, 486-87, 192 N.W.2d 441, 444-45 (1971); Exsted v. Commissioner of Public Safety, 375 N.W.2d 594, 596 (Minn.Ct.App.1985). A refusal may be reasonable if the police have misled a driver into believing a refusal was reasonable or if the po......
  • Benolkin v. Commissioner of Public Safety, CX-86-2223
    • United States
    • Minnesota Court of Appeals
    • 14 Julio 1987
    ...the officer may again request a breath test. Benolkin also asserts that her refusal was reasonable under Exsted v. Commissioner of Public Safety, 375 N.W.2d 594 (Minn.Ct.App.1985). In Exsted the driver twice attempted to provide a breath sample. The test was discontinued both times because ......

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