Farmers' and Merchants' Bank v. Balboa Ins. Co., No. 15514

CourtSupreme Court of West Virginia
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM
Citation171 W.Va. 390,299 S.E.2d 1
PartiesFARMERS' AND MERCHANTS' BANK, a Corp. and Jeffrey D. Dawson and Mary W. Dawson v. BALBOA INSURANCE COMPANY.
Docket NumberNo. 15514
Decision Date07 December 1982

Page 1

299 S.E.2d 1
171 W.Va. 390
FARMERS' AND MERCHANTS' BANK, a Corp. and Jeffrey D. Dawson
and Mary W. Dawson
v.
BALBOA INSURANCE COMPANY.
No. 15514.
Supreme Court of Appeals of
West Virginia.
Dec. 7, 1982.

Syllabus by the Court

"Where provisions in an insurance policy are plain and unambiguous and where such provisions are not contrary to a statute, regulation, or public policy, the provisions will be applied and not construed." Tynes v. Supreme Life Insurance Company of America, 158 W.Va. 188, 209 S.E.2d 567 (1974).

Reeder & Shuman and Stephen K. Shuman, Tomasky & Friend and L. Edward Friend, II, Morgantown, for appellants.

Baker & Armistead and George B. Armistead, Morgantown, for appellee.

PER CURIAM:

This is an appeal by the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank and Jeffrey D. and Mary W. Dawson from an order of the Circuit Court of Monongalia County dismissing their action against the Balboa Insurance Company. The bank and the Dawsons sued to recover on an insurance policy for the loss of a mobile home which the Dawsons owned and against which the bank had a lien. Although by its terms the policy issued by the insurance company had expired before the occurrence of the fire which destroyed the mobile home, the bank and the Dawsons alleged that the insurance company had failed to notify the bank of the pending expiration of the policy and had failed to provide the bank with an opportunity to renew it. Because of the insurance company's inaction, the bank and the Dawsons claimed that it should bear the loss. The circuit court disagreed and ruled in favor of the insurance company. On appeal the appellants assert that the trial court erred in failing to hold that the insurance company was required to give the lienholder

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bank notice of the expiration [171 W.Va. 391] of the policy. We disagree; we find that the insurance company had no legal duty to give the lienholder notice; and we affirm the judgment of the circuit court.

The facts of this case are undisputed and have been stipulated between the parties. On November 2, 1978, the Dawsons borrowed $8,422.20 from the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank to purchase a mobile home. As a condition of the loan the Dawsons were required to purchase a $7000.00 insurance policy on the mobile home, and they were further required to list the Farmers' and Merchants' Bank as lienholder on the policy. The Dawsons purchased the required policy from the Balboa Insurance Company and listed the bank as required. The policy ran from 12:01 a.m., November 1, 1978 until 12:01 a.m., November 1, 1979. The policy language as applicable to the questions in this case, according to the parties, provided:

"If a Lienholder is named in the Declarations of this policy, any loss under Parts I and II of the policy shall be payable to that Lienholder as its interests may appear at the time of loss.... The insurance shall not, as to the interest of the Lienholder, be invalidated by any act or neglect of the Named Insured nor by any change in the title or ownership of the mobile home to which it has not consented, provided that:

1. If the Named Insured shall neglect to pay any premium due under the policy, the Lienholder shall, on demand, pay the same; and

2. The Lienholder shall notify the...

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9 practice notes
  • Keiper v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., No. 21239
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • March 25, 1993
    ...supra; Syllabus Point 2, Deel v. Sweeney, 181 W.Va. 460, 383 S.E.2d 92 (1989); Syllabus, Farmers' & Merchants' Bank v. Balboa Ins. Co., 171 W.Va. 390, 299 S.E.2d 1 (1982); Prete v. Merchants Property Ins. Co. of Indiana, 159 W.Va. 508, 511, 223 S.E.2d 441, 443 (1976); Tynes v. Supreme Life ......
  • Shamblin v. Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co., No. 16399
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • July 10, 1985
    ...reasonable minds might be uncertain or disagree as to its meaning, it is ambiguous.' " Syl. pt. 1, Surbaugh v. Stonewall Casualty Co., 171 W. Va. 390, 283 S.E.2d 859 (1981), quoting syl. pt. 1, Prete v. Merchants Property Insurance Co., 159 W.Va. 508, 223 S.E.2d 441 (1976). 2. " 'Where prov......
  • Rich v. Allstate Ins. Co., No. 22058
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • May 31, 1994
    ...or public policy, the provisions will be applied and not construed." ' Syl., Farmers' & Merchants' Bank v. Balboa Insurance Co., 171 W.Va. 390, 299 S.E.2d 1 (1982), quoting syl., Tynes v. Supreme Life Insurance Co., 158 W.Va. 188, 209 S.E.2d 567 (1974)." Syl. pt. 2, Shamblin v. Nationwide M......
  • Kelly v. Painter, No. 23969.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • June 22, 1998
    ...policy, the provisions will be applied and not construed.'" Syl., Farmers' & Merchants' Bank v. Balboa Insurance Co., [171] W.Va. [390], 299 S.E.2d 1 (1982), quoting syl., Tynes v. Supreme Life Insurance Co., 158 W.Va. 188, 209 S.E.2d 567 Stated another way, this provision reads as follows:......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
9 cases
  • Keiper v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., No. 21239
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • March 25, 1993
    ...supra; Syllabus Point 2, Deel v. Sweeney, 181 W.Va. 460, 383 S.E.2d 92 (1989); Syllabus, Farmers' & Merchants' Bank v. Balboa Ins. Co., 171 W.Va. 390, 299 S.E.2d 1 (1982); Prete v. Merchants Property Ins. Co. of Indiana, 159 W.Va. 508, 511, 223 S.E.2d 441, 443 (1976); Tynes v. Supreme Life ......
  • Shamblin v. Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co., No. 16399
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • July 10, 1985
    ...reasonable minds might be uncertain or disagree as to its meaning, it is ambiguous.' " Syl. pt. 1, Surbaugh v. Stonewall Casualty Co., 171 W. Va. 390, 283 S.E.2d 859 (1981), quoting syl. pt. 1, Prete v. Merchants Property Insurance Co., 159 W.Va. 508, 223 S.E.2d 441 (1976). 2. " 'Where prov......
  • Rich v. Allstate Ins. Co., No. 22058
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • May 31, 1994
    ...or public policy, the provisions will be applied and not construed." ' Syl., Farmers' & Merchants' Bank v. Balboa Insurance Co., 171 W.Va. 390, 299 S.E.2d 1 (1982), quoting syl., Tynes v. Supreme Life Insurance Co., 158 W.Va. 188, 209 S.E.2d 567 (1974)." Syl. pt. 2, Shamblin v. Nationwide M......
  • Kelly v. Painter, No. 23969.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of West Virginia
    • June 22, 1998
    ...policy, the provisions will be applied and not construed.'" Syl., Farmers' & Merchants' Bank v. Balboa Insurance Co., [171] W.Va. [390], 299 S.E.2d 1 (1982), quoting syl., Tynes v. Supreme Life Insurance Co., 158 W.Va. 188, 209 S.E.2d 567 Stated another way, this provision reads as follows:......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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