Faulkner v. State, 1171S315

Decision Date21 February 1973
Docket NumberNo. 1171S315,1171S315
PartiesBrian Lynn FAULKNER, Appellant, v. STATE of Indiana, Appellee.
CourtIndiana Supreme Court

Timothy J. Connor, Fort Wayne, for appellant.

Theodore L. Sendak, Atty. Gen., A. Frank Gleaves, III, Deputy Atty. Gen., for appellee.

DeBRULER, Justice.

This is an appeal from a conviction of entering to commit a felony (I.C.1971, 35--13--4--5, being Burns § 10--704) after a trial without jury in the Allen Circuit Court, Judge Herman F. Busse presiding. Appellant was sentenced to the Indiana Reformatory for one to ten years and fined $300.00. He bases his appeal on the ground that the evidence introduced at trial was insufficient to sustain his conviction.

Evidence introduced by the State included testimony by Marvin Kiessling who stated that on the night of January 23, 1970, at about 1:30 or 2:00 a.m. he was driving by the Rice Oldsmobile dealership after taking his wife to work. He turned into Rice's parking lot in order to examine a used car he was thinking of buying. As the lights of his car swept along the Rice building he noticed that one of the windows in the body shop section of the building was broken. He saw the head of a man look out of the broken window and duck down again quickly. A few minutes later the head appeared again and the man crawled out of the window and crouched down between the building and some cars parked along side the building. Mr. Kiessling identified the man in the building as the appellant. The man made his way down between the cars and the building until he reached a green Oldsmobile which he got in and drove away at a high rate of speed. Kiessling testified that the man appeared to be carrying a pistol in one hand.

As the car sped away Mr. Kiessling attempted to follow but found it hard to keep up because of icy road conditions. He kept appellant's car in sight, however, and noticed it skid off the road into a snow-drift near a group of picketing workers at a G.E. plant. Appellant got out of the car and ran past the picketers into the woods. Mr. Kiessling started to follow him until he heard what sounded like a shot, at which time he gave up the chase.

William Meadows testified that at the time of the incident he worked for Rice Oldsmobile as a salesman. Appellant and Meadows agreed to go into the body shop business together and Meadows had signed a lease on a vacant building for that purpose. In the early evening of January 23, 1970, appellant and Meadows were in their body shop drinking. They drank most of the night and Meadows testified that both he and appellant were 'pretty drunk'. Meadows left appellant at about midnight that night. The next day a fellow employee at Rice Oldsmobile called Meadows' apartment and said he wanted to see appellant about a break-in the previous evening at Rice's building. Meadows and the Rice employee went to appellant's apartment where they asked appellant about the break-in. Meadows testified that appellant stated he just had too much to drink and did not know why he broke into the building.

Detective Sgt. Charles Coulardot of the Fort Wayne Police Department testified that he found two windows broken at Rice Oldsmobile when he investigated, but that they were unable to discover if anything in the building was disturbed or missing.

Mr. Donald Rice also testified that he was the leasor of the building known as Rice Oldsmobile and that on the date of the incident he did not know appellant nor did he give appellant permission to be on the premises at the time of the night.

It is well established that on appeal this Court will not weigh the evidence nor resolve questions concerning the credibility of witnesses. Smith v. State (1970), 254 Ind. 401, 260 N.E.2d 558. We must, however, insure that the State sustain its burden of proof on each and every material element of the crime charged, and that these elements be supported by substantial and probative evidence. Buchanan v. State (1972), Ind., 279 N.E.2d 576; Kondrup v. State (1968), 250 Ind. 320, 235 N.E.2d 703. Under the statute and affidavit we are concerned with here the State was required to establish two elements: (1) entry into a businesshouse; (2) intent to commit the felony of theft therein.

There is certainly ample evidence in this record to show that the appellant had entered into Rice's automobile business-house without permission of the owners, but there is a lack of sufficient evidence here which would allow the inference that appellant intended to commit a felony therein. Opinions of this Court dealing with similar contentions in this context have found the evidence sufficient when there was some indication of the intruder's intention once in the building. Easton v. State (1972), Ind., 280 N.E.2d 307 (missing items seen in possession of intruder); Hobbs v. State (1969), 253 Ind. 195, 252 N.E.2d 498 (burglary tools in pocket of intruder); Kondrup v. State, supra, (intruder found with store's merchandise in his...

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18 cases
  • Clayton v. State, 2--476A165
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • 22 Septiembre 1976
    ...or unexplained presence in or about the premises is insufficient to establish intent to commit a felony. Faulkner v. State (1973), 260 Ind. 82, 292 N.E.2d 594; Nichols v. State (2d Dist. 1973), Ind.App., 301 N.E.2d 246. While an element of an offense (here, intent to commit a felony) may be......
  • Batie v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • 18 Junio 1984
    ...intent to commit theft and not as a result of his fear of being apprehended on a charge of criminal trespass. See Faulkner v. State, (1973) 260 Ind. 82, 292 N.E.2d 594 (overruled by Carter v. State, supra, on a separable issue). Therefore, this particular factual pattern might conceivably s......
  • Carter v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • 20 Abril 1976
    ...that Carter had broken into the building with the intention to commit a felony. The Indiana Supreme Court, in Faulkner v. State, supra, 260 Ind. at 86--87, 292 N.E.2d at 596, 'Similarly the presence of a pistol or the fact that appellant was attempting to start a body shop such as Rice's ca......
  • Lisenko v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Appellate Court
    • 20 Abril 1976
    ...of the intruder's specific intention is absent, the evidence has been found insufficient to support a conviction. See Faulkner v. State (1973), 260 Ind. 82, 292 N.E.2d 594; Crawford v. State (1968), 251 Ind. 437, 241 N.E.2d 795; Goodloe v. State (1967), 248 Ind. 411, 229 N.E.2d 626; Easton ......
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