Foster v. Com.

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court (Kentucky)
Citation348 S.W.2d 759
PartiesWillard J. FOSTER, Appellant, v. COMMONWEALTH of Kentucky, Appellee.
Decision Date05 May 1961

Page 759

348 S.W.2d 759
Willard J. FOSTER, Appellant,
v.
COMMONWEALTH of Kentucky, Appellee.
Court of Appeals of Kentucky.
May 5, 1961.
Rehearing Denied Sept. 15, 1961.

S. M. Ward, Vernon Faulkner, Hazard, for appellant.

John B. Breckinridge, Atty. Gen., William F. Simpson, Asst. Atty. Gen., for appellee.

CLAY, Commissioner.

In 1959 appellant was convicted of armed robbery. He appealed to this Court and the judgment was reversed on the ground the indictment did not sufficiently state that offense. Foster v. Commonwealth, Ky., 331 S.W.2d 277. Subsequently the Commonwealth quashed the original indictment, had the matter again referred to the grand jury, and a new and sufficient indictment was returned. Upon the new indictment appellant was tried, found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment.

Appellant's first ground for reversal is that the trial court should have sustained his plea of former jeopardy. Criminal Code, Sec. 270 provides in part 'the granting of a new trial places the parties in the same position as if no trial had been had.' The effect of our decision reversing

Page 760

the first judgment was to grant appellant a new trial. As provided by section 270, the parties are then in the same position as if there had been no trial at all.

There is abundant authority for the proposition that under these circumstances the Commonwealth may dismiss the original indictment and have a new indictment found, and since the situation is the same as if no trial had been had on any offense, the defendant does not have a meritorious plea of former jeopardy. Fain v. Commonwealth, 109 Ky. 545, 59 S.W. 1091; Ward v. Commonwealth, Ky., 128 S.W. 72; Hoskins v. Commonwealth, 152 Ky. 805, 154 S.W. 919; Newton v. Commonwealth, 197 Ky. 496, 247 S.W. 707; Allen v. Commonwealth, 272 Ky. 533, 114 S.W.2d 757. See also Blanton v. Commonwealth, Ky., 320 S.W.2d 626.

The trial court properly denied this plea.

It is next contended the trial judge should have vacated the bench on the basis of appellant's affidavit showing bias, filed under KRS 23.230. This statute has been construed to require a statement of facts which not only show bias, prejudice or personal hostility toward the accused, but that such is of a character calculated seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment. Stamp v. Commonwealth, 195 Ky. 404, 243 S.W. 27. Though the facts stated in the affidavit must be accepted as ture, the simple allegation of prejudice is not...

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43 practice notes
  • Dunlap v. Commonwealth, No. 2010–SC–000226–MR.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (Kentucky)
    • 20 d4 Fevereiro d4 2014
    ...seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment.’ ” Stopher, 57 S.W.3d at 794 ( quoting Foster v. Commonwealth, 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (Ky.1961)). Appellant has failed to make the requisite showing. We do not believe that Judge Woodall's presiding over the Frensley's divorce......
  • Dunlap v. Commonwealth, 2010-SC-000226-MR
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (Kentucky)
    • 20 d4 Junho d4 2013
    ...seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment."' Stopher, 57 S.W.3d at 794 (quoting Foster v. Commonwealth, 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (Ky. 1961)). Appellant has failed to make the requisite showing. We do not believe that Judge Woodall's presiding over the Frensley's div......
  • Stopher v. Com., No. 1998-SC-0334-MR.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (Kentucky)
    • 21 d3 Novembro d3 2001
    ..."of a character calculated seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment." Foster v. Commonwealth, Ky., 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (1961), cert. denied, 368 U.S. 993, 82 S.Ct. 613, 7 L.Ed.2d 530 (1962); see also Johnson v. Ducobu, Ky., 258 S.W.2d 509 (1953). The mere......
  • Carlozzi v. Perkins Law Group, No. 2006-CA-002102-MR (Ky. App. 10/5/2007), No. 2006-CA-002102-MR.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Kentucky
    • 5 d5 Outubro d5 2007
    ...a character calculated seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment." Id., quoting Foster v. Commonwealth, 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (Ky. 1961), cert. denied, 368 U.S. 993, 82 S. Ct. 613, 7 L. Ed. 2d 530 (1962); and Johnson v. Ducobu, 258 S.W.2d 509 (Ky. Page 16 "T......
  • Request a trial to view additional results
43 cases
  • Dunlap v. Commonwealth, No. 2010–SC–000226–MR.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (Kentucky)
    • 20 d4 Fevereiro d4 2014
    ...seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment.’ ” Stopher, 57 S.W.3d at 794 ( quoting Foster v. Commonwealth, 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (Ky.1961)). Appellant has failed to make the requisite showing. We do not believe that Judge Woodall's presiding over the Frensley's divorce......
  • Dunlap v. Commonwealth, 2010-SC-000226-MR
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (Kentucky)
    • 20 d4 Junho d4 2013
    ...seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment."' Stopher, 57 S.W.3d at 794 (quoting Foster v. Commonwealth, 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (Ky. 1961)). Appellant has failed to make the requisite showing. We do not believe that Judge Woodall's presiding over the Frensley's div......
  • Stopher v. Com., No. 1998-SC-0334-MR.
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court (Kentucky)
    • 21 d3 Novembro d3 2001
    ..."of a character calculated seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment." Foster v. Commonwealth, Ky., 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (1961), cert. denied, 368 U.S. 993, 82 S.Ct. 613, 7 L.Ed.2d 530 (1962); see also Johnson v. Ducobu, Ky., 258 S.W.2d 509 (1953). The mere......
  • Carlozzi v. Perkins Law Group, No. 2006-CA-002102-MR (Ky. App. 10/5/2007), No. 2006-CA-002102-MR.
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Kentucky
    • 5 d5 Outubro d5 2007
    ...a character calculated seriously to impair the judge's impartiality and sway his judgment." Id., quoting Foster v. Commonwealth, 348 S.W.2d 759, 760 (Ky. 1961), cert. denied, 368 U.S. 993, 82 S. Ct. 613, 7 L. Ed. 2d 530 (1962); and Johnson v. Ducobu, 258 S.W.2d 509 (Ky. Page 16 "T......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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