Galveston City Surf Bathing Co. v. Heidenheimer, Case No. 2032.

CourtSupreme Court of Texas
Citation63 Tex. 559
Docket NumberCase No. 2032.
Decision Date25 March 1885

63 Tex. 559


Case No. 2032.

Supreme Court of Texas.

Mar. 25, 1885.

[63 Tex. 560]

APPEAL from Galveston. Tried below before the Hon. Wm. H. Stewart.

In July, 1881, the city council of Galveston gave its consent that John Bailey use and occupy exclusively the shore and surf of the gulf, between Tenth and Thirtieth streets, for the purpose of constructing thereon public bath houses, and to use the same for the period of ten years. The appellant sued, alleging that it was the assignee of John Bailey and succeeded to all his rights under the lease, which was fully set forth. The consideration of the lease was alleged to be the expense and the risk to be incurred by the lessees on account of the experimental nature of the enterprise, as it was uncertain whether buildings could be erected upon piling in the water and withstand the force of winds and waves; and also the greater pleasure and convenience of bathers, who had prior thereto been restricted to a less desirable use of bath houses upon the sands. The city reserved a control over the lessee and the subject of the lease by prescribing that the beach drive, which was a public highway, should in no way be obstructed. The mayor of the city executed an instrument which was in effect an attempt to lease the territory, viz.: The flats on the south side of the city, under water, between Tenth and Thirtieth streets, and the right to wharf out from the fast land. The plaintiff claimed as assignee of the lease the sole authority to build and operate bath houses as a convenience for bathers over the surf within the limits and for the period above named. It proceeded to sink piling in the sand below ordinary low water mark, and in 1881 constructed two large bath houses with the approaches leading from the shore, which were opened to the public in 1882, a small charge being made for their use.

In the spring of 1883 plaintiff followed up its work by the construction of another building and other improvements, without in any way interfering with the public highway of the beach.

Defendants, although informed of plaintiff's lease and right to the exclusive use and possession of said flats so far as building and operating bath houses within the bounds mentioned was concerned, and without the consent of plaintiff, or the permission of the city, or any other authority, proceeded to construct buildings within the

[63 Tex. 561]

boundaries assigned to plaintiff, and within one hundred yards of plaintiff's improvements.

It was averred that defendants did not own or control the ground or flats upon which their building was placed, but that the same was in the control and jurisdiction of the city, except in so far as the right of temporary occupancy had been ceded to plaintiff.

The petition asked for an injunction to restrain defendants from proceeding with the construction of their building or wharf and from any further trespass upon plaintiff's rights. It showed that ample space could be found, within the corporate limits, either east of Tenth street or west of Thirtieth street, upon which coast, with proper authority, defendants might erect their piers and wharves.

Plaintiff alleged that great injury would be done it by depriving it of the emoluments which otherwise would have resulted to it as the fruits of its work; that many of defendants were insolvent, and that the damages likely to be sustained were difficult of estimation.

A supplemental petition was filed December 24, 1833, setting forth more specifically the trespass of defendants and the damages resulting therefrom to plaintiff.

The court sustained defendants' general and special demurrer to the petition and dismissed the suit.

James B. Stubbs, for appellant, cited: 1 Dill. Mun. Corp., secs. 106, 116; Yates v. Milwaukee, 10 Wall., 504;Hudson v....

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7 cases
  • Luttes v. State, No. A-5858
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Texas
    • 18 Junio 1958 regards the 'in winter' feature, are in conflict with the definition in the partidas. Galveston City Surf Bathing Co. v. Heidenheimer, 63 Tex. 559, involved the question of the power of the City of Galveston to grant exclusive rights to a portion of the shore and bottom of the Gulf of Me......
  • Diversion Lake Club v. Heath, No. 6515.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Texas
    • 2 Octubre 1935 also in the grantor." See, also, City of Galveston v. Menard, 23 Tex. 349, 397; Galveston City Surf Bathing Company v. Heidenheimer, 63 Tex. 559, 563; Gustafson v. State, 40 Tex. Cr. R. 67, 45 S. W. 717, 48 S. W. 518, 43 L. R. A. 615; Humphreys-Mexia Company v. Arseneaux, 116 Tex. 603, 2......
  • Humble Oil & Refining Co. v. Sun Oil Company, No. 13312.
    • United States
    • United States Courts of Appeals. United States Court of Appeals (5th Circuit)
    • 20 Junio 1951
    ...of the highest tide in winter. Mayor etc. of City of Galveston v. Menard, 23 Tex. 349; Galveston City Surf Bathing Co. v. Heidenheimer, 63 Tex. 559; DeMerit v. Robison, 102 Tex. 358, 116 S.W. 796; Heard v. Town of Refugio, 129 Tex. 349, 103 S.W.2d 729. In Borax Consolidated v. City of Los A......
  • Giles v. Ponder, No. 12696
    • United States
    • Court of Appeals of Texas. Court of Civil Appeals of Texas
    • 19 Enero 1955
    ...Merit v. Robison, 102 Tex. 358, 116 S.W. 796; Hynes v. Packard, 92 Tex. 44, 45 S.W. 562; Galveston City Surf Bathing Co. v. Heidenheimer, 63 Tex. 559, 562; State v. Balli, Tex.Civ.App., 173 S.W.2d 522, 543; Angell on Tide Waters, 20-27; Farnham, Waters and Water Rights, 228 (1904); 44 Tex.J......
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