Gibson v. Nsa

Decision Date12 March 2015
Docket NumberC/A No. 6:15-132-HMH-JDA
CourtU.S. District Court — District of South Carolina
PartiesAsha Lane Gibson, Plaintiff, v. NSA; DEA; FBI; IBM; CIA; Navy, Defendants
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION

Asha Lane Gibson, ("Plaintiff"), proceeding pro se, brings this civil action seeking injunctive relief to stop Defendants' alleged misconduct and requesting criminal prosecution. Plaintiff is a non-prisoner, and she paid the full filing fee. The Complaint is subject to summary dismissal.

BACKGROUND

Plaintiff resides in Greenville, South Carolina, and it appears that she seeks to sue five United States government agencies, the NSA, DEA, FBI, CIA, and Navy, and one private company, IBM. [Doc. 1 at 1-2.] She alleges specifically that she is suing the NSA located in Fort Meade, Maryland, the CIA and FBI located in Washington, DC, the DEA located in Springfield, VA, the Department of Navy Tort Claim Unit located in Norfolk, VA, and IBM / ESIS, Inc. Wilmington Casualty located in Scranton, PA. [Id.] Plaintiff's statement of claim is the following: "[e]ach defendant is involved according to the evidence that I have received from Melinda Kidder at Columbia Investigation, Dr. Hildegarde Staninger Industrial Toxicologist Results. As I submit my documents to each of them they didn't deny they were not involved." [Doc. 3.]

Plaintiff attached 206 pages of documents to the Complaint in order to provide more information about her claim. [See Doc. 1.] In summary, although it is difficult to decipher, Plaintiff seems to allege the following. She has been a victim of electromagnetic weapons targeting her central nervous system and electronic hardware or biosensors implanted inside of her body. [See Doc. 1-2 to 1-27.] At times, she has been electronically raped or remotely tortured. [Id.] She did not consent to the experiments because they were conducted by Defendants without her knowledge, and she has been learning more about what has happened to her by having testing done by Melinda Kidder, a private investigator at Columbia Investigation, and Dr. Hildegarde Staninger, an Industrial Toxicologist. [Id.] She has an abnormal electronic signal being emitted from her body, and she receives satellite signals from the Middle East, Pacific Rim, and Asia directly transmitted into her body, voice to skull. [Id.] The technology was developed by IBM and others, and the frequencies linked with her body were assigned to Defendants. [Id.] She may have unknowingly consumed edible chips. [Id.] She underwent a polygraph to demonstrate that she is being truthful about what has been happening to her. [Id.] She attached reports about her that were created by Melinda Kidder and Dr. Hildegarde Staninger. [Id.]

Plaintiff's attachments also indicate that she apparently submitted a personal injury claim seeking damages to the NSA in July of 2014; there is no evidence of a decision by NSA. [Doc. 1-8 at 4.] Further, she apparently submitted a Standard Form 95 Claim for Injury to the DEA in June of 2014, and it denied her claim. [Doc. 1-8 at 5.]

In the Complaint, Plaintiff requests the following relief:

I am asking the Court to please assist in this investigation. I would like for the individuals that are involved to be prosecuted to the fullest as Michigan State have (sic) "ElectronicHarassment, Life In Prison." I would like peace in my life, and my surroundings. The individuals that are using the technology to harm myself & surrounding (sic) must be made to stop immediately. I am requesting injunction (sic) relief immediately.

[Doc. 1 at 5.]

This Court created special interrogatories for Plaintiff, and she submitted her answers on February 23, 2015. [Doc. 10.] This Court directed Plaintiff to explain, as to each agency that she seeks to sue, what steps she took to file an administrative claim and whether each agency gave her a final answer. [Id.] Plaintiff responded that pursuant to "FOIA" she requested information from each of the government agencies. [Id.] She contends that she received "information" from all Defendants except CIA and FBI. [Id.] Plaintiff explains that she has ". . . not received a final answer from any agency," and she is ". . . still receiving information on where these individuals can be located & be prosecuted." [Id.]

STANDARD OF REVIEW

Pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b) and Local Civil Rule 73.02(B)(2)(e) DSC, the undersigned is authorized to review such complaints for relief and submit findings and recommendations to the District Court. Under established local procedure in this judicial district, a careful review has been made of the pro se pleadings. The review has been conducted in light of the following precedents: Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25 (1992); Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 324-325 (1989); Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519 (1972); Nasim v. Warden, Maryland House of Corr., 64 F.3d 951 (4th Cir. 1995) (en banc); Todd v. Baskerville, 712 F.2d 70 (4th Cir. 1983). The Complaint is subject to review pursuant to the inherent authority of this Court to ensure that a plaintiff has standing, thatsubject matter jurisdiction exists, and that a case is not frivolous.1 See Mills v. Greenville Cnty., 586 F. Supp. 2d 480, 487 (D.S.C. 2008); Cornelius v. Howell, No. 3:06-3387-MBS-BM, 2007 WL 397449, at *3 (D.S.C. Jan. 8, 2007) (noting that the payment of the full filing fee does not cure lack of jurisdiction), adopted, 2007 WL 4952430 (D.S.C. Jan. 30, 2007), aff'd, 251 F. App'x 246 (2007); see also Bardes v. Magera, No. 2:08-487-PMD-RSC, 2008 WL 2627134 (D.S.C. June 25, 2008) (finding that a court must not screen a complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) when the plaintiff is a non-prisoner who paid the filing fee); Pillay v. INS, 45 F.3d 14, 16 (2nd Cir. 1995) (noting that where a pro se party filed an appeal and paid the filing fee, 1915(d) was not applicable but that "we have inherent authority to dismiss an appeal as frivolous.").

Plaintiff is a pro se litigant, and thus the pleadings are accorded liberal construction. See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89 (2007); Hughes v. Rowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9-10 & n. 7 (1980); Cruz v. Beto, 405 U.S. 319 (1972). Even under this less stringent standard, the Complaint is subject to summary dismissal. The requirement of liberal construction does not mean that this Court can ignore a clear failure in the pleadings to allege facts which set forth a claim currently cognizable in a federal district court. Weller v. Dep't of Social Serv., 901 F.2d 387 (4th Cir. 1990).

DISCUSSION

Although it is difficult to determine what type of claim Plaintiff seeks to bring, liberally construed, Plaintiff may be seeking to allege a claim pursuant to Bivens.2 In Bivens v. SixUnknown Fed. Narcotics Agents, 403 U.S. 388, 397 (1971), the Supreme Court established a direct cause of action under the Constitution of the United States against federal officials for the violation of federal constitutional rights.3 "Bivens is the case establishing, as a general proposition, that victims of a constitutional violation perpetrated by a federal actor may sue the offender for damages in federal court despite the absence of explicit statutory authorization for such suits." Wright v. Park, 5 F.3d 586, 589 n. 4 (1st Cir. 1993) (citing, inter alia, Carlson v. Green, 446 U.S. 14, 18 (1980) (restating Bivens rule)). However, the Bivens right of action has been limited. See Cioca v. Rumsfeld, 720 F.3d 505, 510-12 (4th Cir. 2013) (explaining that the expansion of a Bivens action is the exception not the rule, and "no Bivens action will lie where special factors counsel hesitation in creating an implied right of action"). And, this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over such claims against a federal agency. Id. (citing FDIC v. Meyer, 510 U.S. 471, 486 (1994)). Thus, Plaintiff's claims against NSA, DEA, FBI, CIA, and Navy, should be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.

To the extent Plaintiff may be seeking to proceed under the Federal Tort Claims Act ("FTCA") for her alleged personal injuries, this Court lacks jurisdiction over the claim. A suit under the FTCA lies only against the United States, which is not named as a defendant. See 28 U.S.C. § 2674; Cibula v. United States, 664 F.3d 428, 429-30 (4th Cir. 2012) (explaining that the FTCA waives sovereign immunity in tort actions related to negligentacts or omissions). The United States has sovereign immunity and any waiver of that immunity is strictly construed in favor of the United States. Bullock v. Napolitano, 666 F.3d 281, 285 (4th Cir. 2012). A federal district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over claims asserted against federal agencies or individual federal employees. See Sheridan v. Reidell, 465 F. Supp. 2d 528, 531 (D.S.C. 2006); 28 U.S.C. § 2679. The FTCA waives the sovereign immunity of the United States in certain situations, and litigants must strictly comply with the requirements of the FTCA. See 28 U.S.C. § 2675; United States v. Kubrick, 444 U.S. 111, 117-18 (1979). Thus, because Plaintiff has not complied with the FTCA requirements, her claim pursuant to the FTCA should be dismissed for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.

Additionally, this entire action should be dismissed based on frivolousness because Plaintiff's factual contentions are delusional. See Worley v. Keller, 475 F. App'x 484 (4th Cir. 2012) (a suit is frivolous if it lacks an arguable basis in law or fact). This Court notes that Plaintiff seems to sincerely believe the factual allegations happened to her4; however, the sincerity of Plaintiff's beliefs does not affect whether her beliefs are delusional or fanciful. See Nagy v. FMC Butner, 376 F.3d 252, 256-57 (4th Cir. 2004) (explaining that "[t]he word 'frivolous' is inherently elastic and 'not susceptible to categorical definition.'"); Brock v. Angelone, 105 F.3d 952, 953-54 (4th Cir. 1997) (finding that prisoner's claim that he was being poisoned or experimented upon via an ingredient in pancake syrup served...

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