Giles v. State, 2--1173A251

Decision Date30 December 1974
Docket NumberNo. 2--1173A251,2--1173A251
Citation320 N.E.2d 806,162 Ind.App. 639
PartiesJames GILES, Appellant, v. STATE of Indiana, Appellee.
CourtIndiana Appellate Court

Harriette Bailey Conn, Public Defender, Darrell F. Ellis, Deputy Public Defender, Indianapolis, for appellant.

Theodore L. Sendak, Atty. Gen., A. Frank Gleaves, III, Deputy Atty. Gen., Indianapolis, for appellee.

SULLIVAN, Presiding Judge.

Appellant (Giles) brings this belated appeal from a conviction of second degree burglary pursuant to Indiana Ruls of Procedure, P.C. 2(2). He attacks the sufficiency of the evidence.

We affirm.

The factual background, which must be viewed most favorably to the trial court's judgment, reveals the following:

On March 6, 1970, Officer Atwood of the Indianapolis Police Department responded to a burglar alarm at the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company store at 425 North Delaware Street. Apparently, the alarm was triggered at 2:20 A.M., and Officer Atwood arrived at the store at 2:21 A.M. Atwood testified that he observed an automobile without its lights on leaving a driveway at the rear of the store. The auto failed to stop at a stop sign at the junction of the driveway and Delaware Street, whereupon Atwood stopped the vehicle. Atwood told the driver, Giles, and the two other occupants to get out of the automobile, and while shining a spotlight in the automobile's interior, noticed several tires stacked in the back seat. According to Atwood, the tires appeared new as they still had the green protective solution on the whitewall portions. Further investigation of the automobile revealed a large air conditioner, still in its shipping container, in the front seat. A 'jimmy-bar' was found on the back floor of the auto. After placing the suspects in the police car, Atwood cheked the rear of the store building and discovered a smashed window large enough for an individual to crawl through and that the door was ajar.

The store manager, James A. Piletic, testified that at the close of the business day March 5, the store was locked, that neither Giles nor his confederates had been given permission to remove property from the store, and that no windows were broken when the store closed on the evening preceding the burglary. Further, Piletic testified that the air conditioner found in the automobile driven by Giles was the property of Firestone Tire and Rubber Company.

Giles was found guilty of second degree burglary following a bench trial, and, on October 21, 1970, was sentenced to a term of two to five years.

The only issue Giles raises on appeal is a failure by the State to produce sufficient evidence proving a breaking and entering.

Second degree burglary is defined in IC 1971, 35--13--4--4, Ind.Ann.Stat. § 10--701 (Burns 1956) as:

'(b) Whoever breaks and enters into any boat, warf-boat, or other water-craft, interurban-car, street-car, railroad-car, automobile, airplane, or other aircraft, or any building or structure other than a dwelling-house or place of human habitation, with the intent to commit a felony therein, shall be guilty of burglary in the second degree, and upon conviction shall be imprisoned not less than two (2) years nor more than five (5) years and be disfranchised and rendered incapable of holding any office of trust or profit for any determinate period: Provided, however, That the court shall have power to suspend prison sentence and place the defendant on probation in accordance with existing law.'

It is manifest from a reading of the statute that a breaking and entering is an essential element of the crime, Apple v. State (1973), Ind.App., 304 N.E.2d 321; and must be proven by the State.

In reviewing Giles' contention of insufficient evidence, we are mindful of the statement in Chappell v. State (1972), Ind., 282 N.E.2d 810, 811:

'Appellant's first contention is that there was insufficient evidence to prove a 'breaking' and an actual theft. In reviewing the allegation of insufficient evidence this Court will not weigh the evidence nor resolve questions of credibility of witnesses, but will look to that evidence and the reasonable inferences therefrom which support the verdict of the jury. Asher v. State (1969), 253 Ind. 25, 244 N.E.2d 89. The conviction will be affirmed if from that viewpoint there is evidence of probative value from which the trier of fact could reasonably infer that the appellant was guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Smith v. State (1970), 254 Ind. 401, 260 N.E.2d 558.'

Moreover, and as admitted by Giles, the element of breaking and entering can be established wholly by circumstantial evidence. Gann...

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8 cases
  • State Of Tenn. v. James
    • United States
    • Tennessee Supreme Court
    • June 24, 2010 innocent purchaser without knowledge that the item is stolen, or even an innocent victim of circumstances."); Giles v. State, 162 Ind.App. 639, 320 N.E.2d 806, 808 (1974) (determining that the "[u]nexplained exclusive possession of recently stolen goods... may support a conviction of... ......
  • State v. Lewis
    • United States
    • Iowa Supreme Court
    • May 19, 1976
    ...of second degree burglary Where other evidence is adduced to link defendant with the crime, * * * (citing authority).' Giles v. State, 320 N.E.2d 806, 808 (Ind.App.1974). (Emphasis Similarly, the Washington court has held the '* * * mere possession of stolen goods, unaccompanied by other ev......
  • Shields v. State, 92-KA-01067-SCT
    • United States
    • Mississippi Supreme Court
    • February 27, 1997
    ...of other jurisdictions can be helpful in analyzing this issue. In Indiana, the state's Supreme Court ruled in Giles v. State, 162 Ind.App. 639, 320 N.E.2d 806 (1974), that "unexplained exclusive possession of recently stolen goods may constitute a circumstance from which the trier of fact m......
  • Goodpaster v. State
    • United States
    • Indiana Supreme Court
    • April 15, 1980
    ...See Lawrence v. State, (1963) 244 Ind. 305, 192 N.E.2d 629; Gilley v. State, (1949) 227 Ind. 701, 88 N.E.2d 759; Giles v. State, (1974) 162 Ind.App. 639, 320 N.E.2d 806. In light of this principle and all of the evidence adduced at trial, we will not disturb the jury's finding that appellan......
  • Request a trial to view additional results

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