Gill v. U.S. Agri-Chemicals, AGRI-CHEMICAL

Decision Date07 May 1990
Docket NumberAGRI-CHEMICAL,No. 88-1681,S,88-1681
Parties15 Fla. L. Weekly D1245 Howard GILL, Appellant, v. U.S.elf-Insured, Appellee.
CourtFlorida District Court of Appeals

Richard R. Roach, Jr., of Woods & Roach, Lakeland, Bill McCabe, of Shepherd, McCabe & Cooley, Longwood, for appellant.

Charles E. Bentley and Michael P. Sampson, of Holland & Knight, Lakeland, for appellee.


Claimant seeks review of a workers' compensation order by which a claim for disability benefits was denied. We find that the record contains competent substantial evidence to support the conclusion that claimant did not show that the industrial injury was a material contributing cause of the claimed lost wages. We also find that employer/servicing agent were properly allowed to credit certain prior payments against future disability benefits. But we further find that claimant's concurrent National Guard earnings should have been included in the average weekly wage determination. We therefore affirm the order as to the denial of benefits and the allowance of a future credit, but reverse as to the average weekly wage determination.

Claimant sustained an industrial injury while working as a materials unloader. He continued this employment until placed on off-work status by his treating physician, at which time disability payments were commenced. These payments were later discontinued, and a hearing was held on a claim for further benefits. At the conclusion of the hearing an order was entered determining that claimant had attained maximum medical improvement with a residual permanent impairment. However, the order further found in substance that claimant had not shown the requisite causal connection between a physical limitation resulting from the industrial injury and any lost wages after the date of maximum medical improvement. There is record support for the conclusion that claimant did not satisfy his burden of proof in this regard, and wage loss benefits for the claimed period were thus properly denied.

Contrary to claimant's contention on appeal, this case does not require application of the deemed earnings provision of section 440.15(3)(b)2. Deemed earnings principles should be applied only after the claimant discharges the initial burden of establishing a causal connection between the industrial injury and a resulting wage loss. See Regency Inn v. Johnson, 422 So.2d 870 (Fla. 1st DCA 1982); see also City of Clermont v. Rumph, 450 So.2d 573 (Fla. 1st DCA 1984). Claimant did not meet this burden in the present case.

Employer/servicing agent were also allowed to credit certain payments against any future disability benefits which may become due. Such crediting, which involves different categories of benefits, requires that there be a reasonable basis for the prior overpayment. See e.g., State Division of Family Services v. Varela, 418 So.2d 1182 (Fla. 1st DCA 1982). The evidence presented below includes circumstances which might be construed as involving...

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2 cases
  • Wohlgamuth v. Central Maintenance & Welding, 90-1552
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • June 11, 1992
    ...initial burden of establishing a causal connection between the industrial injury and a resulting wage loss. Gill v. U.S. Agri-Chemicals, 561 So.2d 371, 372 (Fla. 1st DCA 1990). Here, the judge found that Wohlgamuth had not established such a connection so as to warrant the application of de......
  • Gill v. USX Corp., 90-1797
    • United States
    • Court of Appeal of Florida (US)
    • November 6, 1991
    ...on February 20, 1987, with an eight percent permanent partial impairment of his ankle. In a previous appeal, Gill v. U.S. Agri-Chemicals, 561 So.2d 371, 372 (Fla. 1st DCA 1990), we affirmed the JCC's denial of WL benefits through April 19, 1988, concluding that "claimant had not shown the r......

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