Goetzke v. Warden, Md. Penitentiary, 26

Decision Date02 February 1967
Docket NumberNo. 26,26
Citation1 Md.App. 3,226 A.2d 361
PartiesFrederick A. GOETZKE, Jr. v. WARDEN, MARYLAND PENITENTIARY. Post Conviction
CourtCourt of Special Appeals of Maryland

Before ANDERSON, MORTON, ORTH and THOMPSON, JJ.

ORTH, Judge.

This is an application for leave to appeal under the Uniform Post Conviction Procedure Act from an order of June 2, 1966, of Judge John E. Raine, Jr., sitting in the Circuit Court for Baltimore County, dismissing a petition for post conviction relief.

The application for leave to appeal fails to contain a statement of the reasons why the order should be reversed or modified as required by Maryland Rule BK46 b and could be denied for this reason.

In his petition, applicant gives the following grounds of alleged error:

1) That he was illegally arrested

2) That the admissibility of a confession made while being held incommunicado and without benefit of counsel violates his rights guaranteed him under the Constitution of the United States

3) That the evidence used against him was insufficient to support a verdict of guilty

4) That the court was without authority to render a verdict under a plea of nolo contendere.

Applicant pleaded nolo contendere on June 13, 1958, in the Circuit Court for Baltimore County before Judge W. Albert Menchine on a charge of unlawful burning of a drug store. He was represented by counsel of his own choice and there is no allegation that he did not receive competent legal representation. A verdict of guilty was entered and on July 30, 1958, he was sentenced to seven years in the Maryland Penitentiary, sentence suspended and he was placed on seven years' probation. Subsequently, he was charged with violation of probation as a result of conviction on four housebreaking offenses which cases are not under attack, and on April 10, 1959, probation was revoked and the confinement sentence in the Maryland Penitentiary was imposed.

Although applicant does not allege in his petition that he did not understand the nature and consequences of the plea of nolo contendere, the question was apparently raised at the hearing before Judge Raine. The transcript of the proceedings makes it clear that counsel had explained to applicant the nature of the plea, applicant testified fully and freely as to exactly what happened on the night of the offense and that as a matter of strategy he threw himself on the mercy of the court when the plea was entered hoping that confinement sentence would be avoided. The strategy was successful. Judge Raine found that the plea was freely and voluntarily made with full understanding of its nature and effect and the record clearly supports this finding.

The Court of Appeals has held, in Cohen v. State, 235 Md. 62, p. 69, 200 A.2d 368, p. 372, cert. den. 379 U.S. 844, 85 S.Ct. 84, 13 L.Ed.2d 49,

'Maryland has long recognized that when a person pleads guilty, the judgment entered on the plea cannot ordinarily be reviewed on appeal if the plea was made freely and voluntarily with full understanding of its nature and effect, and the judgment properly entered. Lowe v. State, 111 Md. 1, 73 A. 637, 24 L.R.A.,N.S., 439 (1909); Biles Jr. v. State, 230 Md. 537, 187 A.2d 850 (1963). This Court has stated that the effect of a plea of guilty is to waive proof of any facts alleged in the indictment, but not objection to the indictment on the ground that the facts alleged did not constitute an indictable offense, nor objections relating to the jurisdiction of the court to try the defendant. Miggins v. State, 170 Md. 454, 184 A. 911 (1936); cf. Maryland Rule 725 b. These cases, though involving pleas of guilty, are analogous to the present case wherein a nolo contendere plea was entered, since a 'plea of nolo contendere is an implied confession of guilt, and for the purposes of the case is equivalent to a plea of guilty.' United...

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8 cases
  • State v. Angeleri
    • United States
    • New Jersey Supreme Court
    • April 1, 1968
  • State v. Panagoulis
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • March 12, 1968
    ...right may be waived. Cohen v. State, 235 Md. 62, 70, 200 A.2d 368, cert. den. 379 U.S. 844, 85 S.Ct. 84, 13 L.Ed.2d 49; Goetzke v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 3, 7, 226 A.2d 361 and cases therein cited. We feel that a witness may waive his immunity, expressly or by his The appellee did not expressly ......
  • Boone v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • October 13, 1983
    ...651 (1968); Ross v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 46, 227 A.2d 42 (1967); Norris v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 69, 227 A.2d 248 (1967); Goetzke v. Warden, 1 Md.App. 3, 226 A.2d 361 (1967). For example, in Hess v. State, supra, the applicant alleged, inter alia, that he had been "denied due process and equal pro......
  • Hess v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • July 3, 1968
    ...the order should be reversed or modified as required by Md. Rule BK 46 b, and may be denied on this ground. Goetzke v. Warden, Maryland Penitentiary, 1 Md.App. 3, 266 A.2d 361. It appears from the memorandum of Judge Rutledge accompanying the order that the applicant, at the hearing, pursue......
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