Green v. Martin, 6 Div. 622.

CourtSupreme Court of Alabama
Writing for the CourtTHOMAS, J.
Citation129 So. 465,221 Ala. 514
Docket Number6 Div. 622.
Decision Date26 June 1930

Appeal from Circuit Court, Jefferson County; Roger Snyder, Judge.

Bill in equity by Robert K. Martin and others against Dent F. Green as Superintendent of Banks, liquidating the Bank of Ensley for appointment of a receiver, etc. From a decree for complainants, defendant appeals.

Reversed and rendered.

H. L Anderton, of Birmingham, for appellant.

Fitts &amp Fitts and William S. Pritchard, all of Birmingham, for appellees.


The several cases growing out of the Ensley Bank failure are reported as D. F. Green v. Smith et al. (Ala. Sup.) 129 So. 92, and Ex parte D. F. Green, Superintendent of Banks, etc. (Ala. Sup.) 129 So. 69, 72, and have been reconsidered with the instant case.

The present bill is on information and belief, and the receiver was appointed for the Bank of Ensley, after notice and hearing on the pleading and the affidavit of D. F. Green attached to his motion on file, and under the circumstances shown by stenographic report on file and here indicated in the return to certiorari.

When a bill is without equity, it is subject to demurrer testing the same as to its sufficiency or failure. Section 6553, Code; Whiteman v. Taber, 203 Ala. 496, 83 So. 595; City of Huntsville v. Madison County, 166 Ala. 389, 52 So. 326, 139 Am. St. Rep. 45.

A verification of a bill in equity for the appointment of a receiver, based on information and belief, is held insufficient. Petchey v. Allendale Land Co., 216 Ala. 167, 112 So. 818; Birmingham Belt R. Co. v. City of Birmingham, 211 Ala. 674, 101 So. 599; Worthen v. State ex rel. Verner et al., 189 Ala. 395, 66 So. 686; Smith-Dimmick Lumber Co. v. Teague, Barnett & Co., 119 Ala. 385, 390, 24 So. 4; Burgess & Co. v. Martin, 111 Ala. 657, 20 So. 506; Moritz & Weil v. Miller, Schram & Co., 87 Ala. 331, 6 So. 269. It is stated in the oath (here): (1) That the verification is upon information and belief, and (2) that affiant has been "informed and believes *** that each and every fact as therein stated is true and correct." The statute provides that where a bill is sworn to by an agent or attorney, the affidavit must set forth a sufficient reason why it is not verified by the complainant himself. There was no pretense at observance of the rule in the last-named respect. Chancery Rule No. 15, page 1942, Code of 1928; Woodward v. State, 173 Ala. 7, 13, 55 So. 506; Kinney et al. v. Reeves & Co. et al., 142 Ala. 604, 39 So. 29; Guyton et al. v. Terrell, 132 Ala. 67, 31 So. 83. The observance of the foregoing rules should have been complied with.

The method employed in this verification is insufficient and irregular, and was duly challenged. However, in such a matter (in a proper case), it is customary to give a reasonable opportunity to supply such a defect. Sims v. Riggins, 201 Ala. 99, 100, 77 So. 393; Forney v. Calhoun County, 84 Ala. 215, 4 So. 153.

We will treat the bill as if properly verified; will therefore consider the bill on its averment, and as challenged by the motion to strike and the affidavit of respondent Green, stating his version of the facts in the nature of reply and answer, etc., to the end of an interlocutory order for a receiver in a pending suit. Brasher v. Grayson, 217 Ala. 674, 117 So. 301; Town of Samson v. Chicago Title & Trust Co.,

208 Ala. 18, 93 So. 833, and authorities; Jackson et al. v. Hooper & Nolen, 107 Ala. 634, 18 So. 254; Jones' Adm'r v. Beverly et al., 45 Ala. 161.

Rules 75 and 76 of Chancery Practice, as to the notation by the register of evidence, have no field of operation where the application is for an interlocutory order for receiver in aid of a pending suit.

Looking then to the facts averred and denied by Green's affidavit, we must apply the rule of this court as to the powers and duties of the superintendent of banks, in a case not within the influence or exception indicated by Blythe v. Enslen, 219 Ala. 638, 123 So. 71. The rule is well stated in McDavid v. Bank of Bay Minette et al., 193 Ala. 341, 69 So. 452; Slaughter v. Green, 205 Ala. 250, 87 So. 358; Blount County Bank v. Harvey, 215 Ala. 566, 112 So. 139, under the statute that obtains in this jurisdiction, section 6360, Code. The reason for this declared public policy was adverted to in McDavid v. Bank of Bay Minette et al., supra, and People v. Superior Court, etc., 100 Cal. 105, 34 P. 492; Attorney General v. C. L. I. Co., 53 How. Prac. (N. Y.) 22. Its wisdom and policy were that for the Legislature. Neall v. Hill, 16 Cal. 145, 76 Am. Dec. 508.

If then a bill seeks relief within the exception to such declared rule, as was the case in Blythe v. Enslen, supra, the specific facts that give the right are required to be stated; and the same may not be rested upon inference or conclusions. If it be insisted upon because of disqualification by reason of bias, favor, or other state of facts, or for fraud or collusion on the part of the superintendent of banks, the specific facts presenting a conclusion of law from such averred facts must be declared-and facts that warrant other and different relief than the statutory protection and relief to which we have referred.

The requirement of averments in this, as in any other case of fraud, is that the facts must be averred showing the fraud or disqualification, or collusion as a conclusion of law from the facts alleged, and not by way of mere conclusions of the pleader. That is to say, in this jurisdiction it has long been settled that: "Fraud is a conclusion of law from facts stated and proved. When it is pleaded, at law, or in equity, the facts out of which it is supposed to arise...

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4 cases
  • Board of Education of Jefferson County v. State, 6 Div. 750.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 20 Noviembre 1930
    ...and that the facts stated therein are true and correct was sufficient, in the absence of demurrer not waived. Green v. Martin (Ala. Sup.) 129 So. 465; Ex parte Carlisle, 118 Ala. 175, 24 So. 30; 2 C.J. 355, § 87; Leigh v. Green, 64 Neb. 533, 90 N.W. 255, 101 Am. St. Rep. 592. This action is......
  • Russell v. The Praetorians, 6 Div. 464.
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 16 Enero 1947 upon the plaintiff to allege the facts constituting the alleged fraud not mere conclusions. Green, Supt. of Banks, v. Martin et al., 221 Ala. 514, 129 So. 465; Richardson v. Curlee et al., 229 Ala. 505, 158 So. 189. Substantially speaking the criticism directed against Count 1 may likewi......
  • West v. State ex rel. Matthews, 7 Div. 400
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 11 Marzo 1937
    ...& Trust Co., 208 Ala. 18, 93 So. 833; Jackson v. Hooper, 107 Ala. 634, 18 So. 254; Jones v. Beverly, 45 Ala. 161, 165; Green v. Martin, 221 Ala. 514, 129 So. 465; Broglan v. City of Huntsville, 218 Ala. 9, 117 So. 419. It is insisted that the decree refusing to dissolve the injunction, from......
  • Bice v. Hendrix, 6 Div. 879
    • United States
    • Supreme Court of Alabama
    • 20 Diciembre 1962
    ...being stated for the failure of the tenants to execute the affidavit was a nullity, and of no effect. Green, Supt. of Banks v. Martin, 221 Ala. 514, 129 So. Section 38 of Title 31, supra, which provides for service of the writ by the officer also provides 'unless a counter affidavit, as pro......

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