Grindley v. Blankenship

Decision Date22 May 1984
Docket NumberNo. WD,WD
Citation671 S.W.2d 393
PartiesGary A. GRINDLEY, Appellant, v. Ben BLANKENSHIP d/b/a K.C. Body Works, and Farmers Insurance Company, Respondents. 34912.
CourtMissouri Court of Appeals

S.W. Longan, III, Kansas City, for appellant.

Sylvester Powell, Jr., Kansas City, for respondent Farmers Ins. Co.

Clyde G. Meise, Kansas City, for respondent Ben Blankenship.



Plaintiff filed an action for damages for fraudulent misrepresentation against defendants Ben Blankenship, proprietor of K.C. Body Works, and Farmers Insurance Company. At the close of plaintiff's evidence the trial court directed a verdict against plaintiff. From the ensuing judgment plaintiff has appealed. 1

We affirm, but remand the case for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

The facts of the case are as follows:

Plaintiff was the owner of a practically new four-wheel drive Toyota truck. It was badly damaged in an accident. He had the vehicle towed to K.C. Body Works, of which defendant Ben Blankenship was the proprietor. Blankenship prepared an estimate of the cost of repair which amounted to $6,029.53.

The vehicle was inspected by a Mr. Jones, a representative of defendant Farmers Insurance Company, which had the collision insurance on the truck. Jones assured the plaintiff that he had gone over the Blankenship estimate with Blankenship item by item. Both Jones and Blankenship, according to plaintiff's testimony, "assured me that it could be fixed and in as good or better ... as good a condition as it was when it was new." Blankenship also said that he would use new parts to make the repairs.

Plaintiff and the Farmers Insurance representative authorized defendant Blankenship to proceed. He did so and in due time called plaintiff to notify him the truck was ready for delivery. Plaintiff picked it up on his noon hour and drove it back to his place of employment. He could tell at once that the truck was not running properly. When he had an opportunity to examine the truck he observed that the repair job was incomplete and of extremely poor workmanship. He called Mr. Jones of Farmers Insurance, who inspected it and agreed that "the job was pretty shoddy."

At Jones' suggestion, plaintiff took the truck to Adams Toyota, to be inspected by Mr. Belknap.

Mr. Belknap kept the truck two or three weeks. He prepared an estimate of the cost of repairing the truck totaling $6,500.00 but, according to plaintiff's testimony, he "didn't even finish the part on the surface because ... he said by the time he had gotten that far on it, into it, he didn't want to spend anymore time because it was obvious that it was a total loss." Belknap testified he had left "anywhere from forty to fifty items open" on his estimate.


Plaintiff relies for his fraud case against defendant Blankenship upon representations made by Blankenship to plaintiff that the truck "was repairable to as good a condition as it was prior to the collision;" that "the damage to the truck had been thoroughly inspected and the cost of repair was not in excess of the value of the truck;" and that "the repair and restoration of the truck [would be] done according to the defendant's estimate using new parts where necessary and that all repair and restoration of the truck [would be] done in a skillful, workmanlike manner."

With respect to the first two of such representations, i.e. that the truck was repairable, and that the cost of repair was not in excess of the value of the truck after it was repaired, the plaintiff failed to prove their falsity. The first requirement of a claim for damages based upon false representations is that the representations be false. Sofka v. Thal, 662 S.W.2d 502, 506 (Mo. banc 1983).

For proof of falsity of the representations, plaintiff points to the testimony of witness Belknap. Belknap was an experienced body repair mechanic. He saw and inspected plaintiff's truck only after the repairs by defendant Blankenship had been completed. His testimony was that the condition of the truck was worsened by the work done by defendant and at that time he inspected it, after the Blankenship repair job, he recommended the purchase of a new truck rather than repair of the damaged one. He did not say that it was not repairable at the time of the original damage, but specifically said that it was repairable. He never expressed any opinion that the cost of repair at the time of the original damage would have been more than the value of the vehicle after it was repaired.

As to Blankenship's third alleged false representation, namely, that new parts would be used, there is evidence that several used parts were used by defendant Blankenship where new parts were needed. What is missing from plaintiff's fraud case is proof that defendant intended to use used parts when he contracted to use new parts. Without that proof we have here only a breach of contract. It is an essential element of a fraudulent misrepresentation case that a present fact be misrepresented. Where a contracting party who has failed to perform his contract as promised has been held liable for fraud, there has been proof that he intended at the time of his promise not to fulfill it. Thereby he misrepresented the present fact of his state of mind. Sofka v. Thal, 662 S.W.2d at 507; Grosser v. Kandel-Iken Builders, Inc., 647 S.W.2d 911, 914 (Mo.App.1983). That defendant Blankenship actually used used parts instead of new parts as agreed is no proof that he intended to do so at the time he promised to use new parts.

There is no fraud case proved against defendant Blankenship.


For his fraudulent misrepresentation case against Farmers Insurance Company, plaintiff alleges that Farmers Insurance employee Jones represented to plaintiff that his truck "could be repaired in as good a condition as it was before and that defendant Blankenship could repair the truck to such condition."

As in the claim against Blankenship, plaintiff has failed...

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3 cases
  • Blaine v. J.E. Jones Const. Co.
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • September 29, 1992
    ...Generally, then, in law and in equity, one of the essential elements of fraud is a false representation. E.g., Grindley v. Blankenship, 671 S.W.2d 393, 395 (Mo.App.1984). The false representation may be made by spoken words or meaningful affirmative conduct. E.g., Wion v. Carl I. Brown & Co......
  • Wion v. Carl I. Brown & Co.
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • May 14, 1991
    ...There was no untrue representation proved prima facie, and a true representation cannot be made the basis of fraud. Grindley v. Blankenship, 671 S.W.2d 393, 395 (Mo.App.1984). Nor was there any expression of opinion by Brown and Company to the Wions that the house was worth the $69,500 purc......
  • Sanders Company Plumbing and Heating Inc. v. City of Independence, WD
    • United States
    • Missouri Court of Appeals
    • June 18, 1985
    ...its pleading and for a new trial on the amended petition. Stouse v. Stouse, 270 S.W.2d 822, 826 (Mo.1954); and Grindley v. Blankenship, 671 S.W.2d 393, 396 (Mo.App.1984). Therefore, Count III is remanded for new trial contingent upon plaintiff's amending its pleading to state a viable cause......

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