Hadlock v. State

Decision Date24 December 1970
Docket NumberNo. 10385,10385
Citation93 Idaho 915,478 P.2d 295
PartiesTerry HADLOCK, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. STATE of Idaho, Defendant-Respondent.
CourtIdaho Supreme Court

Webb, Tway & Redford and Gardner W. Skinner, Jr., Boise, for plaintiff-appellant.

Robert M. Robson, Atty. Gen., and Martin R. Ward, Special Asst. Atty. Gen. of Idaho and Ellison M. Matthews, Pros. Atty. for Ada County, Boise, for defendant-respondent.

SPEAR, Justice.

On November 22, 1967, appellant, while then an inmate at the Oregon State Penitentiary, was served with a warrant of arrest issued by the justice court of Ada County, Idaho, dated August 14, 1967, charging him with the crime of robbery. Shortly after the warrant for Mr. Hadlock's arrest was issued, the Ada County Prosecutor's Office placed a 'hold line' on him at the Oregon State Penitentiary which continued in effect until he was released. On September 20, 1967, the deputy prosecuting attorney for Ada County wrote to the Attorney General of Oregon requesting information relative to the procedures necessary to obtain appellant's custody for purposes of trial in Ada County. By return letter dated November 21, 1967 the Attorney General of Oregon advised the deputy prosecutor that the Oregon Criminal Extradition Act did not incorporate Section 5 of the Uniform Criminal Extradition Act, which latter section provides for executive agreements in the case of extradition of persons serving sentences in penal institutions. In conclusion, the Oregon Attorney General stated: 'We must therefore advise you that we would advise the Governor of Oregon not to honor any request for extradition in the case of Mr. Hadlock.'

On approximately December 18, 1967, appellant filed with Idaho authorities a petition for a fair and speedy trial. No acknowledgment of receipt of the petition was ever sent to him by any Idaho authorities.

In June, 1968 appellant was returned to Idaho after his Oregon sentence was suspended. The record discloses that a preliminary hearing was scheduled to commence soon after appellant's return from Oregon but the day the preliminary was to proceed the hearing was postponed on Mr. Hadlock's motion so that he could seek other counsel. On August 20, 1968, appellant was afforded a preliminary hearing and thereafter held to answer to the charge in district court. An information charging Mr. Hadlock with the crime of robbery was filed in district court on October 4, 1968. The deputy prosecuting attorney testified that the six-week interval resulted from a delay in receiving a transcript of the preliminary hearing and that the district court would not accept the filing of an information before a transcript was prepared.

A writ of habeas corpus was filed by appellant on October 11, 1968 wherein he alleged that he had been denied his right to a fair and speedy trial. The writ was denied by the Honorable Merlin S. Young, District Judge, on November 18, 1968 from which this appeal is taken.

Appellant contends on appeal that, considering the holding of this court in Richerson v. State of Idaho, 91 Idaho 555, 428 P.2d 61 (1967); Article 1, Section 13 of the Idaho Constitution; and the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, the district court committed error by denying the writ of habeas corpus. It is appellant's theory that the prosecutor's office, by writing a single letter to the Oregon Attorney General, did not make a bona fide effort to effect his extradition from Oregon and should have made a formal request to the Governor. With this contention we do not agree.

Richerson v. State of Idaho, supra, establishes that the state has a duty to make a sincere effort to obtain an accused's temporary custody from federal authorities for trial where statutory provision existed under 18 U.S.C.A. § 4085 to return federal prisoners to the states for trial. Since Richerson, the United States Supreme Court has held that by reason of the Sixth Amendment there is a duty on the states to make a diligent, good-faith effort to attempt to return an accused from federal incarceration to the state for trial. Dickey v. Florida, 398 U.S. 30, 90 S.Ct. 1564, 26 L.Ed.2d 26 (1970); Smith v. Hooey, 393 U.S. 374, 89 S.Ct. 575, 21 L.Ed.2d 607 (1969). The holding and rationale of these cases unquestionably applies with equal vigor to a situation such as in this case, where an accused is imprisoned in another state.

Therefore, there existed in this case a duty on the state to attempt to bring Mr. Hadlock to trial in Idaho promptly. He insists that the prosecutor did not make the good-faith effort required of him to effect his extradition. While the prosecutor's efforts were minimal at best, none of the above cited authorities compel reversal of the district court. In Richerson, Dickey, and Smith there was definite statutory provision for federal authorities to release federal prisoners for trial on state charges, and the prisoners in each case would, most probably, have been released to the states....

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7 cases
  • State v. Talmage
    • United States
    • Idaho Supreme Court
    • 31 Enero 1983
    ...of his right to a speedy trial must be decided by reference to considerations in addition to the mere passage of time. Hadlock v. State, 93 Idaho 915, 478 P.2d 295 (1970); Ellenwood v. Cramer, 75 Idaho 338, 272 P.2d 702 Accord, State v. Holtslander, 102 Idaho 306, 308-09, 629 P.2d 702, 704-......
  • Hughey v. State
    • United States
    • Mississippi Supreme Court
    • 2 Septiembre 1987
    ...Slaughter, 377 So.2d 632, 633 (Ala.1979); Miracle v. Jackson Co. Dist. Ct., 521 P.2d 837, 838 (Okla.Crim.App.1974); Hadlock v. State, 93 Idaho 915, 478 P.2d 295, 297 (1970); Renton v. State, 480 P.2d 624, 626 (Okla.Crim.App.1970); Rudisill v. Dist.Ct., Second Judicial Dist., 453 P.2d 598, 5......
  • State v. Holtslander, 13264
    • United States
    • Idaho Supreme Court
    • 5 Junio 1981
    ...of his right to a speedy trial must be decided by reference to considerations in addition to the mere passage of time. Hadlock v. State, 93 Idaho 915, 478 P.2d 295 (1970); Ellenwood v. Cramer, 75 Idaho 338, 272 P.2d 702 "In Barker, the U.S. Supreme Court recognized that speedy trial cases m......
  • State v. Lankford
    • United States
    • Idaho Supreme Court
    • 12 Julio 2023
    ...in addition to the mere passage of time." State v. Lindsay, 96 Idaho 474, 475, 531 P.2d 236, 237 (1975) (citing Hadlock v. State, 93 Idaho 915, 478 P.2d 295 (1973) and Ellenwood v. Cramer, 75 Idaho 338, 272 P.2d 702 (1954)) (adopting the balancing test from Barker in determining whether a s......
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