Haining v. Roberts, 71-1993 Summary Calendar.

Decision Date29 December 1971
Docket NumberNo. 71-1993 Summary Calendar.,71-1993 Summary Calendar.
Citation453 F.2d 1223
PartiesWalton Dacus HAINING, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. M. M. ROBERTS et al., Defendants-Appellees.
CourtU.S. Court of Appeals — Fifth Circuit

A. Spencer Gilbert, III, Jackson, Miss., for plaintiff-appellant; Wise, Carter & Child, Jackson, Miss., of counsel.

James E. Rankin, Jackson, Miss., M. M. Roberts, Hattiesburg, Miss., A. F. Summer, Atty. Gen., William A. Allain, Asst. Atty. Gen., Ed Davis Noble, Jr., Sp. Asst. Atty. Gen., Jackson, Miss., for defendants-appellees.

Before BELL, AINSWORTH and GODBOLD, Circuit Judges.

GODBOLD, Circuit Judge:

The appellant was discharged from employment by the State of Mississippi following his refusal to sign a loyalty questionnaire. In a class action he successfully attacked the constitutionality of the Mississippi Subversive Activities Act, Miss.Code Ann., §§ 4064-01 through -13. A three-judge court granted declaratory and injunctive relief, ordered appellant reinstated in his job, awarded back pay earned prior to discharge, and awarded costs but denied attorney fees. Haining v. Roberts, 320 F.Supp. 1054 (S.D.Miss.1970).

A motion by appellant to amend the judgment to include damages or earnings lost after discharge was denied on the ground no such claim had been asserted in the case and no proof offered of loss of wages after discharge.

Appellant, satisfied with the injunctive and declaratory relief and with the damages for pre-discharge wages, seeks to appeal on the sole matters of denial of attorney fees and denial of the motion to amend the judgment. We have requested and received briefs on the question of whether we have jurisdiction of the appeal, and, concluding that we lack jurisdiction, dismiss the appeal.

In a suit required to be heard by three judges, as this one was, "any party may appeal to the Supreme Court from an order granting or denying . . . a permanent injunction." 28 U.S.C. § 1253. It was appropriate that the three-judge court decide both the attorney fee and the back pay claims. They are not even separate legal issues but simply aspects of the overall relief sought by the appellant based solely on the claim of wrongful discharge.1

The dismissal by the Supreme Court of the appeal in Brashear I does not establish that the present appeal is properly to the Court of Appeals. As pointed out in footnote 1, supra, defendant's appeal was not to review the decree denying the injunction but to review matters never reached on the merits by the three-judge court. The present appellant seeks review of matters of remedy submitted to and decided by the three-judge court on the merits as part of the injunction suit. The specific damages referred to in the post-judgment motion had not been sought at the hands of the three-judge court, but damages in the form of predischarge unpaid wages had been asked and awarded. Appellant sought by his motion to broaden the scope of damages which he claimed to have incurred.

Although appellant's motion was filed after the judgment of the statutory court was entered, it concerned a subject matter dealt with by the three judges and it asked that the judgment entered by the special court be amended. The decision in Brashear II, concerning a motion filed after the three-judge court had completed its duties and relating to a nonconstitutional matter which that court had not reached on the merits, has no application in this situation.

Appellant having filed his appeal in the wrong court, it is dismissed.

1 Even where there are separate claims, the three-judge court has jurisdiction to decide ancillary and dependent claims, resting upon a single and interrelated complex of facts. See Turner v. Goolsby, 255 F.Supp. 724 (S.D.Ga.1966), in which in two counts injunctions were sought against allegedly unconstitutional state statutes, and...

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3 cases
  • Cornelius v. Benevolent Protective Order of Elks
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — District of Connecticut
    • 2 Agosto 1974
    ...(1969), and after due consideration of the interest of judicial economy, we choose to reach the pendent statutory claim. Haining v. Roberts, 453 F.2d 1223, 1224, n. 1. (5th Cir. Plaintiff's § 1981 Theory Section 1981 reads: All persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall have......
  • Aircrane, Inc. v. Butterfield, Civ. A. No. 73-1964
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Eastern District of Pennsylvania
    • 3 Enero 1974
    ...single-judge matters. Florida Lime and Avocado Growers v. Jacobsen, 362 U.S. 73, 80 S.Ct. 568, 4 L.Ed.2d 568 (1960); Haining v. Roberts, 453 F.2d 1223 (5th Cir. 1971); Hobson v. Hansen, 256 F. Supp. 18 The basic facts of the case are largely uncontroverted, set forth mainly by stipulation. ......
  • Weiser v. White
    • United States
    • U.S. Court of Appeals — Fifth Circuit
    • 2 Enero 1975
    ...ancillary to the main action and properly before the three-judge court, is not within the jurisdiction of this Court. Haining v. Roberts, 453 F.2d 1223 (5th Cir. 1971), cert. denied,406 U.S. 948, 92 S.Ct. 2054, 32 L.Ed.2d 336 (1972). Although that case involved a class action for discharge ......

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