Hart v. Parrish, 42351

CourtUnited States State Supreme Court of Missouri
Writing for the CourtPER CURIAM
Citation244 S.W.2d 105
PartiesHART et al. v. PARRISH et al
Docket NumberNo. 1,No. 42351,42351,1
Decision Date10 December 1951

Page 105

244 S.W.2d 105
HART et al.
PARRISH et al.
No. 42351.
Supreme Court of Missouri, Division No. 1.
Dec. 10, 1951.

Page 106

Erwin Tzinberg, Clayton, for plaintiffs-appellants.

Edwin Rader, Clayton, for Mittler and Mahoney, defendants-appellants.

Frank Coffman, E. H. Schwarzenbach and Thos. M. Gioia, all of St. Louis, for respondent.

VAN OSDOL, Commissioner.

This is an appeal from a judgment and decree in favor of Lillian Parrish, defendant-respondent, and adverse to George R. Hart and Brooksie N. Jones, plaintiffs-appellants, and to John L. Mahoney and Clarence F. Mittler, defendants-appellants, by which judgment and decree a sheriff's deed and a deed of trust, conveying and encumbering described real estate in St. Louis County, were set aside.

Plaintiffs Hart and Jones instituted the action against defendant Lillian Parrish to recover the possession of the described real estate. Plaintiffs alleged their ownership of the property as joint tenants, and stated they had acquired title by mesne conveyances from one Leona Shoop who, it was alleged, had bought the property at a sheriff's sale and had acquired title by sheriff's deed dated April 5, 1940.

Page 107

Defendant Lillian Parrish by answer and counterclaim stated she was seized and possessed as the owner of an undivided half interest in the described real estate, being her (election) dower as the widow of Charles H. Parrish. She further alleged that she had been appointed administratrix of the estate of Charles H. Parrish, deceased; and that she, as a widow, had been granted statutory allowances in the sum of $1200 by the Probate Court of St. Louis County. Defendant Lillian by counterclaim prayed for a judgment ascertaining and determining title and asked that the sheriff's deed, Leona Shoop grantee, be set aside on the stated ground the consideration was so grossly inadequate as to shock the conscience and to constitute fraud. Lillian Parrish, administratrix of the estate of Charles H. Parrish, and John L. Mahoney and Clarence F. Mittler were added party defendants. Defendant Lillian by crossclaim sought the further relief of the cancellation of a deed of trust dated August 23, 1948, purportedly securing the payment of $4500, executed by plaintiffs as grantors to defendant Mahoney, trustee for defendant Mittler, beneficiary.

By its judgment and decree the trial court set aside and cancelled the sheriff's deed, and the deed of trust; and determined that defendant Lillian was the owner in fee simple of an undivided half interest in the described land, and that the heirs of Charles H. Parrish were the owners in fee simple of the other undivided half interest--all free and clear of the lien of the deed of trust.

Herein appellants contend the trial court erred in finding defendant Lillian Parrish was the owner of an undivided half interest in the described real property. Appellants assert that defendant Lillian's deceased husband had no title to the described real estate at the time of his death; and that the right of action to set aside a sale because of inadequacy of consideration was a personal right in Charles H. Parrish which had not survived in Lillian. Appellants urge the only interest defendant Lillian had, at the time of the sheriff's sale in 1940, was an inchoate right of dower, and she did not have such an interest in the property at that time which would have entitled her to maintain an action in her own behalf. And appellants say defendant-appellant Mittler was a bona fide holder of the note secured by the deed of trust and without notice of any defect in the plaintiffs' title.

Defendant-respondent Lillian contends that, as a widow, she may maintain an action and a court of equity has jurisdiction of an action to set aside the conveyances fraudulent as to her. Defendant-respondent further says that, even though the trial court may have gone too far in its decree in determining title to an undivided half interest to be in the heirs of Charles H. Parrish, still this does not result 'in eliminating or cutting down' the share of the widow as defined by the trial court's judgment and decree and for which she had asserted her claim. And defendant-respondent Lillian further contends the evidence shows defendant Mittler had notice of the defect in the title of plaintiffs, grantors in the deed of trust, and the trial court appropriately declared her interest to be free and clear of the encumbrance.

It was admitted by the parties that the described real estate was owned by Charles H. Parrish in his lifetime; that Charles H. Parrish had acquired title in 1927; that defendant Lillian since marriage in 1902 was the wife of Charles; that Charles and Lillian resided on the...

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8 cases
  • In re Frascatore, Bankruptcy No. 86-01495S
    • United States
    • United States Bankruptcy Courts. Third Circuit. U.S. Bankruptcy Court — Eastern District of Pennsylvania
    • 13 Abril 1989
    ...of UFCA" were, in fact, decided solely under the principles of Graffam v. Burgess and not under the UFCA at all. See Hart v. Parrish, 244 S.W.2d 105 (Mo.1951); and Pender v. Dawse, 1 Utah 2d 283, 265 P.2d 644 11 Effective August 1, 1987, B.Rule 3004 was amended to read as follows: If a cred......
  • Jackson v. Klein, 46565
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • 12 Enero 1959
    ...as with the trustee's owning the debt and becoming the purchaser there must be present other invalidating factors (Hart v. Parrish, Mo., 244 S.W.2d 105; elliott v. McCormick, 323 Mo. 263, 280-281, 19 S.W.2d 654, 662; Landrum v. Union Bank of Missouri, 63 Mo. 48) and as to the particular ele......
  • Schaeffer v. Moore, 43657
    • United States
    • United States State Supreme Court of Missouri
    • 14 Diciembre 1953
    ...Mann v. Best, 62 Mo. 491; Hope v. Blair, 105 Mo. 85, 16 S.W. 595; Zweigart v. Reed, 221 Mo. 33, 119 S.W. 960; Hart v. Parrish, Mo.Sup., 244 S.W.2d 105; Annotations, 44 A.L.R. 1269; 59 A.L.R. 641; 162 A.L.R. 560-562. Moreover, we believe it may be reasonably inferred defendant Norma Morgan, ......
    • United States
    • United States District Courts. 8th Circuit. United States District Court (Eastern District of Missouri)
    • 1 Octubre 1969
    ...52 Mo.App. 278, loc. cit. 283 and such inquiry would have led to knowledge of such facts. Hart et al. v. Parrish et al. (Mo.Sup., 1951) 244 S.W.2d 105, 109 (12), and cases cited. The evidence clearly shows that the bank, through its officer supervising the bank's loan transactions with Paul......
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