Havana Docks Corp. v. Carnival Corp.

Decision Date21 March 2022
Docket NumberCase No. 19-cv-21724 BLOOM/MCALILEY, Case No. 19-cv-23588 BLOOM/LOUIS, Case No. 19-cv-23590 BLOOM/LOUIS, Case No.: 19-cv-23591 BLOOM/LOUIS
Citation592 F.Supp.3d 1088
Parties HAVANA DOCKS CORPORATION, Plaintiff, v. CARNIVAL CORPORATION, Defendant. Havana Docks Corporation, Plaintiff, v. MSC Cruises SA, MSC Cruises SA Co., and MSC Cruises (USA) Inc., Defendants. Havana Docks Corporation, Plaintiff, v. Royal Caribbean Cruises, Ltd., Defendant. Havana Docks Corporation, Plaintiff v. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings, Ltd., Defendant.
CourtU.S. District Court — Southern District of Florida

Francisco Raul Maderal, Jr., Stephanie Anne Casey, Aziza F. Elayan-Martinez, Zachary Andrew Lipshultz, Roberto Martinez, Colson Hicks Eidson, Coral Gables, FL, Rodney Stuart Margol, Margol, Margol, PA, Jacksonville Beach, FL, Thomas Allen Kroeger, The Florida Bar, Miami, FL, for Plaintiff Havana Docks Corporation in 19-cv-21724.

Scott Daniel Ponce, Holland & Knight, Luis Emilio Llamas, Jones Walker LLP, Pedro Armando Freyre, Akerman LLP, Miami, FL, George J. Fowler, III, Pro Hac Vice, Jones Walker, LLP, New Orleans, LA, Meredith L. Schultz, Stuart Harold Singer, Corey Patrick Gray, Pascual Armando Oliu, Boies, Schiller & Flexner, LLP, Fort Lauderdale, FL, for Defendant Carnival Corporation in 19-cv-21724.

Aziza F. Elayan-Martinez, Stephanie Anne Casey, Zachary Andrew Lipshultz, Roberto Martinez, Colson Hicks Eidson, Coral Gables, FL, Rodney Stuart Margol, Margol, Margol, PA, Jacksonville Beach, FL, Thomas Allen Kroeger, The Florida Bar, Miami, FL, for Plaintiff in 19-cv-23588, 19-cv-23590.

Andrew T. Hernacki, Pro Hac Vice, James Douglas Baldridge, Justin B. Nemeroff, Pro Hac Vice, Venable LLP, Washington, DC, for Defendants MSC Cruises SA CO in 19-cv-23588, MSC Cruises (USA) Inc. in 19-cv-23588.

James Douglas Baldridge, Venable LLP, Washington, DC, for Defendant MSC Cruises SA in 19-cv-23588.

Sanford Lewis Bohrer, Scott Daniel Ponce, Holland & Knight, Miami, FL, Benjamin Anthony Taormina, Holland and Knight, Fort Lauderdale, FL, Caitlin F. Saladrigas, Holland & Knight LLP, West Palm Beach, FL, for Defendant in 19-cv-23590.

Aziza F. Elayan-Martinez, Stephanie Anne Casey, Zachary Andrew Lipshultz, Roberto Martinez, Colson Hicks Eidson, Coral Gables, FL, Thomas Allen Kroeger, The Florida Bar, Miami, FL, for Plaintiff in 19-cv-23591.

Allen Paige Pegg, Alvin F. Lindsay, III, Richard C. Lorenzo, Hogan Lovells US LLP, Miami, FL, for Defendant in Hogan Lovells LLP in 19-cv-23591.

BETH BLOOM, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

TABLE OF CONTENTS
V. DISCUSSION... 1150
A. "Person"... 1150
B. "Traffics"... 1150
C. Property Confiscated by Cuban Government... 1161
F. Trafficking After November 1, 1996... 1170
G. DefendantsAffirmative Defenses... 1170
1. Lawful Travel Exception... 1170
a) "Lawful Travel" Prong... 1170
b) "Necessary to the conduct of such travel" Prong... 1189
2. Ex Post Facto Clause... 1193
3. The Fifth Amendment's Due Process Clause... 1193
4. Expiration of the Concession... 1194
5. Failure to State a Claim... 1194
6. Lack of Knowledge and Intent... 1194
7. Lack of Standing Due to Lack of Injury-in-Fact... 1195
8. Lack of Indemnity Right... 1196
9. Lack of Causation... 1196
10. Lack of Use of Claimed Property... 1196
11. Article II of the United States Constitution... 1197
12. Act of State Doctrine... 1197
13. Extraterritorial Application of United States Law... 1198
14. Election of Remedies under Title III... 1198 15. Failure to Join an Indispensable Party... 1199
16. Purpose of Certified Claim... 1199
17. Statute of Limitations or Repose... 1199
18. Eighth Amendment... 1201
19. Non-U.S. Sailings... 1202
VI. CONCLUSION... 1202
OMNIBUS ORDER

THIS CAUSE is before the Court upon ten (10) pending summary judgment motions filed in the four (4) above-styled cases. The Court conducted a hearing on each summary judgment motion over the course of two (2) days. See, e.g. , Havana Docks Corporation v. Carnival Corporation , No. 19-cv-21724, ECF Nos. [442], [449]. The Court has reviewed the parties’ memoranda and statements of facts, the record in each case, the applicable law, and is otherwise fully advised.

Plaintiff Havana Docks Corporation ("Havana Docks") filed separate actions to recover damages against Defendants Carnival Corporation d/b/a Carnival Cruise Line ("Carnival"); MSC Cruises S.A. ("MSC SA"), MSC Cruises SA Co. ("MSC Co."), and MSC Cruises (USA) Inc. ("MSC USA") (collectively, "MSC"); Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. ("Royal Caribbean"); and Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd. ("Norwegian"). The Defendants are four cruise operators whose ships used the Havana Cruise Port Terminal, also called the Sierra Maestra Terminal (the "Terminal"), when traveling to Havana, Cuba. Havana Docks claims each Defendant unlawfully trafficked in property confiscated by the Cuban Government—the Terminal and its piers—in violation of the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act of 1996, 22 U.S.C. §§ 6021, et seq. , referred to as the LIBERTAD Act or Helms-Burton Act.

Pending before the Court are the following motions for summary judgment:

(1) DefendantsOmnibus Motion for Summary Judgment, Havana Docks Corporation v. Carnival Corporation , No. 19-cv-21724, ECF No. [330]; Havana Docks Corporation v. MSC Cruises, SA, et al. , No. 19-cv-23588, ECF No. [216]; Havana Docks Corporation v. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23590, ECF No. [137]; Havana Docks Corporation v. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings, Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23591, ECF No. [227];

(2) Plaintiff Havana Docks Corporation's Omnibus Motion for Partial Summary Judgment, Havana Docks Corporation v. Carnival Corporation , No. 19-cv-21724, ECF No. [336]; Havana Docks Corporation v. MSC Cruises, SA, et al. , No. 19-cv-23588, ECF No. [222]; Havana Docks Corporation v. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23590, ECF No. [143]; Havana Docks Corporation. v. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings, Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23591, ECF No. [232];

(3) Carnival Corporation's Individual Motion for Summary Judgment, Havana Docks Corporation v. Carnival Corporation , No. 19-cv-21724, ECF No. [324];

(4) Plaintiff Havana Docks Corporation's Individual Motion for Summary Judgment against Carnival Corporation, Havana Docks Corporation v. Carnival Corporation , No. 19-cv-21724, ECF No. [333];

(5) MSC Cruises’ Individual Motion for Summary Judgment, Havana Docks Corporation v. MSC Cruises, SA, et al. , No. 19-cv-23588, ECF No. [209];

(6) Plaintiff Havana Docks Corporation's Individual Motion for Summary Judgment against MSC Cruises, SA & MSC Cruise (USA). Inc., Havana Docks Corporation v. MSC Cruises, SA, et al., No. 19-cv-23588, ECF No. [225]; (7) Defendant's [Royal Caribbean Cruises, Ltd.] Individual Motion for Summary Judgment, Havana Docks Corporation v. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23590, ECF No. [132];

(8) Plaintiff Havana Docks Corporation's Individual Motion for Summary Judgment Against Royal Caribbean Cruises, Ltd., Havana Docks Corporation v. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23590, ECF No. [142];

(9) Plaintiff Havana Docks Corporation's Individual Motion for Summary Judgment against Defendant Norwegian Cruise Line, Ltd., Havana Docks Corporation v. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings, Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23591, ECF No. [229]; and

(10) Norwegian's Individual Motion for Summary Judgment, Havana Docks Corporation. v. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings, Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23591, ECF No. [230].

Also before the Court, and pertinent to the summary judgment motions, is Havana Docks’ Motion to Exclude the Expert Opinions of Julian Ackert and Pablo Spiller. Havana Docks Corporation v. Carnival Corporation , No. 19-cv-21724, ECF No. [328]; Havana Docks Corporation v. MSC Cruises, SA, et al. , No. 19-cv-23588, ECF No. [214]; Havana Docks Corporation v. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. , No. 19-cv-23590, ECF...

To continue reading

Request your trial
4 cases
  • De Fernandez v. CMA CGM S.A.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Southern District of Florida
    • July 20, 2023
    ...... docks and warehouses in the Bay of Mariel Bay, province of. ... Garcia-Bengochea v. Carnival Corp ., 407 F.Supp.3d. 1281, 1284 (S.D. Fla. 2019) .... . .          In. Havana Docks Corp. v. Carnival Corp., Judge Bloom. broke ......
  • De Fernandez v. The French Line
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Southern District of Florida
    • July 20, 2023
    ...... execute, maintain, and exploit public docks and warehouses in. the Bay of Mariel Bay, province of ... of action.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly , 550. U.S. 544, 555 (2007). “To ... factual.” Chaparro v. Carnival Corp. , 693 F.3d. 1333, 1337 (11th Cir. 2012). ...2023); see also. Havana Docks Corp. v. Carnival Corp. , 592 F.Supp.3d. 1088, ......
  • Havana Docks Corp. v. Carnival Corp.
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Southern District of Florida
    • December 30, 2022
    ...limited solely to the interest Plaintiff originally owned in the Subject Property.”); see also Havana Docks Corp. v. Carnival Corp., 592 F.Supp.3d 1088, 1169 (S.D. Fla. 2022) (“Defendants' limiting interpretation of the LIBERTAD Act as requiring trafficking in cargo services is unpersuasive......
  • Metro. Life Ins. Co. v. Liebowitz
    • United States
    • U.S. District Court — Middle District of Florida
    • March 21, 2022
    ...... Billian v. Mobil Corp. , 710 So.2d 984, 991 (Fla. 4th DCA 1998). A. Undisputed ......

VLEX uses login cookies to provide you with a better browsing experience. If you click on 'Accept' or continue browsing this site we consider that you accept our cookie policy. ACCEPT