Hawks v. State

Decision Date14 January 1932
Docket Number92.
Citation157 A. 900,162 Md. 30
PartiesHAWKS v. STATE.
CourtMaryland Court of Appeals

Appeal from Circuit Court, Howard County; Wm. Henry Forsythe, Jr. Judge.

Proceeding by James Hawks against the State of Maryland. From an order dismissing petition for writ of error coram nobis, petitioner appeals.

Affirmed.

Argued before BOND, C.J., and PATTISON, URNER, ADKINS, OFFUTT PARKE, and SLOAN, JJ.

G. L Pendleton, of Baltimore, for appellant.

William Preston Lane, Jr., Atty. Gen., and G. C. A. Anderson, Asst Atty. Gen., and James Clark, State's Atty., of Ellicott City, for the State.

PATTISON J.

This is an appeal from an order of the circuit court for Howard county dismissing a petition for a writ of error coram nobis, filed in that court by the appellant.

The record discloses that the defendant, with others, was indicted for breaking in a storehouse. The indictment contained three counts. He was arraigned on December 17, 1930. On the same day, the state abandoned the second and third counts and the defendant pleaded guilty to the first. Whereupon he was sentenced to St. Mary's Industrial School until he arrived at the age of twenty-one years. On December 22, 1930, his sentence to St. Mary's Industrial School was stricken out, and on the same day he was sentenced to be confined in the Maryland House of Correction for the term of four years.

On the 2d day of June, 1931, nearly six months thereafter, the defendant filed his petition in the circuit court for Howard county asking for the writ of error coram nobis, alleging therein that, upon the motion of the state, the judgment and sentence of December 17, 1930, was stricken out by the court on December 22, 1930, and, on the same day, the defendant was sentenced to confinement in the Maryland House of Correction for the term of four years. It is further alleged in the petition that the record fails to disclose that, at the time of the last sentence, the defendant was before the court, and that the first and last sentence differed both as to the place and the period of confinement. The defendant concludes his petition by alleging that because of these alleged facts he was deprived of his rights under the Fourteenth Amendment, § 1, of the Federal Constitution, and that, as a result thereof, the court was without jurisdiction.

The writ of error coram nobis is an old common-law writ recognized in this state. Its functions differ from an ordinary writ of error in that the latter raises questions of law, while it deals only with facts, which, if known at the time the judgment was rendered, would have prohibited its rendition. It is also unlike a writ of error, as it is addressed to the court which rendered the judgment, while a writ of error is addressed to some other and superior court. Hawkins v. Bowie, 9 Gill & J. 428; Bridendolph v. Zellers' Ex'rs, 3 Md. 325; Kemp v Cook, 18 Md. 130, 79 Am. Dec. 681; Emersonian Apts. v. Taylor, 132 Md. 209, 103 A. 423; Second R. C. L. page 307, par. 262; Poe Pleading and Practice, Vol....

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3 cases
  • Pitt v. State
    • United States
    • Court of Special Appeals of Maryland
    • April 9, 2002
    ...A.2d 372; Madison v. State, 205 Md. 425, 432, 109 A.2d 96 (1954); Bernard v. State, 193 Md. 1, 3-4, 65 A.2d 297 (1949); Hawks v. State, 162 Md. 30, 31, 157 A. 900 (1932). As coram nobis is "an attack on the judgment itself," the writ does not lie "to contradict or put in issue any fact" tha......
  • Keane v. State
    • United States
    • Maryland Court of Appeals
    • May 25, 1933
    ...v. Cesar] 2 Saund. 101, a, note 1; also 2 Tidd's Prac. 1191, to same effect." Those cases are cited with approval in Hawks v. State, 162 Md. 30, 157 A. 900, 901, Judge Pattison for this court said: "The writ of error coram nobis is an old common-law writ recognized in this state. Its functi......
  • Bernard v. State
    • United States
    • Maryland Court of Appeals
    • April 1, 1949
    ... ... determined; nor for alleged false testimony at the trial; nor ... for newly discovered evidence. The writ will not lie where ... the accused has another adequate remedy at law, as by motion ... for a new trial, an appeal to a higher court, or other ... existing statutory proceeding. Hawks v. State, 162 ... Md. 30, 157 A. 900; Keane v. State, 164 Md. 685, 166 ...          We find ... that petitioner failed to allege any ground upon which the ... writ of error coram nobis should issue. A review of the ... allegations in the petition does not show the existence of ... ...

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